Analyzing a Unified Ant System for the VRP and Some of Its Variants

  • Marc Reimann
  • Karl Doerner
  • Richard F. Hartl
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2611)


In this paper we analyze the application of an Ant System to different vehicle routing problems. More specifically, we study the robustness of our Unified Ant System by evaluating its performance on four different problem classes within the domain of vehicle routing.


Solution Quality Vehicle Rout Problem Vehicle Rout Problem With Time Window Insertion Algorithm Springer LNCS 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Reimann
    • 1
  • Karl Doerner
    • 1
  • Richard F. Hartl
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Management ScienceUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

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