Advertisement

Document Visualization on Small Displays

  • Ka Kit Hoi
  • Dik Lun Lee
  • Jianliang Xu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2574)

Abstract

Limitation in display size and resolution on mobile devices is one of the main obstacles for wide-spread use of web applications in a wireless environment. Web pages are often too large for a PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) screen to present. The same problem exists for devices with low resolution such as WebTV. Manual reconstruction of web pages for these devices would ease the problem; however, the large variation of display capabilities will greatly increase the burden of web page designers since they have to customize a web page for each possible display device. In this paper, we propose a document segmentation and presentation system. The system automatically divides a web document into a number of logical segments based on the screen size and the structure and content of the document. Additional information such as overviews and summaries is also extracted to facilitate navigation. The system presents the segments and structural information of a web document to make full use of the screen for information finding.

Keywords

Display Size Content Tree Text Segment Structure Data Tree Small Display 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    F. G.-Castano et al. Hierarchical atomic navigation for small display devices. In Proc. WWW10, 2001.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    A. Dillon, J. Richardson, and C. McKnight. The effect of display size and text splitting on reading lengthy text from the screen. Behaviour and Information Technology, 9(3):215–227, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    R.L. Duchnicky and P.A. Kolers. Readability of the text scrolled on visual display terminals as a function of windows size. Human Factores, 25:683–692, 1983.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    InfoRover. InfoRover. Commercial company delivers transformed web contents to Palm Pilot handheld devices. (http://www.inforover.com).
  5. [5]
    Matt Jones, Gary Marsden, Norliza Mohd-Nasir, and Kevin Bonne. Improving web interaction on small displays. Technical report, Interaction Design Centre, School of Computing Science, Middlesex University, 1997.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Oku Kazuho. Palmscape PR 5.0a5. A free web browser running on Palm Pilot handheld devices. (http://www.muchy.com/review/palmscapeloc.html).
  7. [7]
    Seung Jin Lim and Yiu Kai Ng. Constructing hierarchical information structures of sub-page level html documents. In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of Foundations of Data Organization (FODO’98), Kobe, Japan, pages 66–75, 1998.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Seung Jin Lim and Yiu Kai Ng. Extracting structures of html documents. In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN-12), Tokyo, Japan, pages 420–426, 1998.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Microsoft. Microsoft WebTV. Commercial company provides web-based access services through TVs. (http://www.webtv.com).
  10. [10]
    Pocket Info. Pocket Info. A public domain initiative in 1998 to provide information for the users of handheld computers, palmtops and organizers. (http://www.pocketinfo.org).
  11. [11]
    ProxiNet. ProxiWeb. A web browser running on Palm Pilot handheld devices. (http://www.proxinet.com).
  12. [12]
    D. Raggett. HTML 3.2 Reference Specification. World-Wide Web Consortium, 1997. http://www.w3c.org/TR/REC-html32.
  13. [13]
    Norihide Shinagawa and Hiroyuki Kitagawa. Dynamic generation and browsing of virtual www space based on user profiles. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Computer Science Conference, Hong Kong, pages 93–108, 1999.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    B. Shneiderman. User interface design and evaluation for an electronic encyclopedia. Cognitive Engineering in the Design of Human-Computer Interaction and Expert Systems, pages 207–223, 1987.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Sun Microsystem. Java 2 Platform, 1998. http://java.sun.com.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ka Kit Hoi
    • 1
  • Dik Lun Lee
    • 1
  • Jianliang Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Personalised recommendations