Statistics of Second Order Multi-modal Feature Events and Their Exploitation in Biological and Artificial Visual Systems

  • Norbert Krüger
  • Florentin Wörgötter
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2525)


In this work we investigate the multi-modal statistics of natural image sequences looking at the modalities orientation, color, optic flow and contrast transition.It turns out that second order interdependencies of local line detectors can be related to the Gestalt law collinearity. Furthermore we can show that statistical interdependencies increase significantly when we look not at orientation only but also at other modalities.

The occurrence of illusionary contour processing (in which the Gestalt law ‘collinearity’ is tightly involved) at a late stage during the development of the human visual system (see, e.g., [3]) makes it plausible that mechanisms involved in the processing of Gestalt laws depend on visual experience about the underlying structures in visual data.This also suggests a formalization of Gestalt laws in artificial systems depending on statistical measurements.We discuss the usage of statistical interdependencies measured in this work within an artificial visual systems and show first results.


Optic Flow Human Visual System Natural Image Image Patch Subjective Contour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norbert Krüger
    • 1
  • Florentin Wörgötter
    • 1
  1. 1.University of StirlingScotland

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