Advertisement

Herderkrankungen aus mund-, kiefer- und gesichtschirurgischer Sicht

  • Peter Keßler
Part of the HNO Praxis heute book series (HNO, volume 26)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    Altmann L (1967) Das Herdgeschehen — Begriffsbestimmung und Terminologie. Österr Z Stomat 64: 337–8Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Haunfelder D. (1975) Die Bedeutung des soge nannten Herdgeschehens für den Zahnarzt, In: Haunfelder D, Horch H (eds.) Kieferorthopädie. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München Wien Baltimore, 1–34Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hughes RA (1994) Focal infection revisited. Br J Rheumatol 33: 370–377PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Billings F (1912) Chronic focal infections and their etiological relations to arthritis and nephritis. Arch Int Med 9: 484–98Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Billings F (1913) Chronic focal infection as a causative factor in chronic arthritis. J Am Med Assoc 61: 819–822Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rosenow EC (1919) Studies on elective localization. J Dent Res 1: 205–249Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rosenow EC (1921) Focal infection and elective localization of bacteria in appendicitis, ulcer of the stomach, cholecystitis and pancreatitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 33: 19–26Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Curtis AC (1940) Focal infection. In: Watts R (ed) The American textbook of operative dentistry. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia: 751–2Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hunter W (1900) Oral sepsis as a cause of disease. Lancet: 215–216Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hunter W (1911): An address on the role of sepsis and antisepsis in medicine. Lancet: 79–86Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Meskin LH (1998) Focal infection: back with a bang! J Am Dent Assoc 129: 8–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Laskin DM (1998) A new focus on focal infection. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 56: 813PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Asikainen S, Alaluusua S (1990) Bacteriology of dental infections. Eur Heart J 14Suppl K: 43–50Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Roberts GJ, Watts R, Longhurst P, Gardner P (1998) Bacteremia of dental origin and antimicrobial sensitivity following oral surgical procedures in children. Pediatr Dent 20: 28–36PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Roberts GJ, Holzel HS, Sury MR et al. (1997) Dental bacteremia in children. Pediatr Cardiol, 18: 24–27PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cooke BE (1970) Relation between oral disease and acute bacterial endocarditis. Dental bacteriaemia. Proc R Soc Med 63: 263–267PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Archard HO, Roberts WC (1966) Bacterial endocarditis after dental procedures in patients with aortic valve prostheses. J Am Dent Assoc 72: 648–652PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Salman L, Harrigan WF, Palladino VS (1970) Fatal bacterial endocarditis following tooth removal. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 30: 749–754PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Overholser CD, Moreillon P, Glauser MP (1988) Experimental endocarditis following dental extractions in rats with periodontitis. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 46: 857–861PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lucas V, Roberts GJ (2000) Odontogenic bacteremia following tooth cleaning procedures in children. Pediatr Dent 22: 96–100PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Roberts GJ (1999) Dentists are innocent! »Everyday « bacteremia is the real culprit: a review and assessment of the evidence that dental surgical procedures are a principal cause of bacterial en docarditis in children. Pediatr Cardiol 20: 317–325PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Droz D, Koch L, Lenain A, Michalski H (1997) Bacterial endocarditis: results of a survey in a children’s hospital in France. Br Dent J 183: 101–205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lockhart PB, Durack DT (1999) Oral microflora as a cause of endocarditis and other distant site infections. Infect. Dis Clin North Am 13: 833–850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Slauk A (1940) Herderkrankung und Zahnarzt. Gehlen, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Slauk A (1944) Vom Wesen der Herderkrankungen (Fokalinfekt und Fokaltoxikose). Gehlen, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Slauk A (1937) Über ein auffallend regelmäßig vorkommendes Muskelphänomen bei Fokalinfektionen und seine Verwendbarkeit für die Praxis. Klin Wochenschr 16: 749Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Slauk A (1953) Muskelzucken bei Herderkrankungen. In: Thielemann K (ed.) Diagnose der Herderkrankungen (mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Testverfahren). Hanser, München: S. 80Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Curtis AC (1940) Focal infection, In: Watts R (ed) The American textbook of operative dentistry. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, 751–752Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Appleton JLT (1944) Bacterial infection with special reference to dental practice, 3 ed. Lea & Febiger, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Berger W (1939) Die fokale Infektion als Problem der Allergie. Bergmann, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Freyberg RH (1946) «Focal Infection” in relation to rheumatic diseases: a critical appraisal. J Am Dent Assoc 33: 1101–1108Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Daunderer M (1995) Klinische Toxikologie in der Zahnheilkunde: Diagnostik und Therapie. Ecomed, Landsberg/LechGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Daunderer M(1995) Klinische Toxikologie in der Zahnheilkunde: Diagnostik und Therapie. Ecomed, Landsberg/LechGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ridker PM, Cushman M, Stampfer MJ et al. (1997) Inflammation, aspirin, and the risk of cardiovascular disease in apparently healthy men. N Engl J Med 336: 973–979PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kaftan AH, Kaftan O (2000) Coronary artery disease and infection with chlamydia pneumonia. Jpn Heart J 41: 165–172PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Aho K, Palosuo T, Knekt P et al. (2000) Serum C-reactive protein does not predict rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol 27: 1136–1138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Slade GD, Offenbacher S, Beck ert al. (2000) Acute-phase inflammatory response to periodontal disease in the US population. J Dent Res 79: 49–57PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Wu T, Trevisan M, Genco RJ et al. (2000) Examination of the relation between periodontal health status and cardiovascular risk factors: serum total and high density lipoprotein cholesterol, C-reactive protein, and plasma fibrinogen. Am J Epidemiol 151: 273–282PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Mastalier O (1996) Ganzheitliche Zahn-, Mund-, und Kieferheilkunde. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München Wien BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Perger F (1968) Der Begriff der Belastung des Organismus durch lokale pathologische Veränderungen und Maßnahmen, die Fernwirkung lokaler pathologischer Veränderungen zu verhindern. Österr Z Stomat 65: 70–76Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Heine H (1991) Lehrbuch der biologischen Medizin. Hippokrates, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ricker G (1924) Relationspathologie. Pathologie als Naturwissenschaft. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Speransky AD (1950) Grundlagen der Theorie der Medizin. Saenger, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Selye H (1953) Einführung in die Lehre vom Adaptionssyndrom. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Morgan H, Wood MW, Murphey F (1973) Experience with 88 consecutive cases of brain abscess. J Neurosurg 38: 698–704PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Brewer NS, MacCarty CS, Wellman WE (1975) Brain abscess: a review of recent experience. Ann Intern Med 82: 571–576PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Haymaker W (1945) Fatal infections of the central nervous system and meninges after tooth extraction. Am J Orthod Oral Surg 31: 117–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Andersen WC, Horton HL (1990) Parietal lobe abscess after routine periodontal recall therapy, report of a case. J Periodontol 61: 243–247PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Gallagher DM, Erickson K, Hollin SA (1981) Fatal brain abscess following periodontal therapy: a case report. Mt Sinai J Med 48: 158–160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Gold L (1949) Brain abscess secondary to dental infection: report and discussion of a case. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 2: 1107–1117CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Marks PV, Patel KS, Mee EW (1988) Multiple brain abscesses secondary to dental caries and severe periodontal disease. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 26: 244–247PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Kemper JW, Aseltine LF (1944) Intracranial lesions resulting from dental infection. Am J Orthod Oral Surg 30: 701–707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Kinsella RA (1944) Endocarditis. In: Cecil RL (ed.) Textbook of medicine by American authors, 6 ed. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1070–1076Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Northrop PM, Crowley MC (1943) The prophylactic use of sulfathiazole in transient bacteremia following the extraction of teeth. A preliminary report. J Oral Surg 1: 19–29Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Palmer HD, Kempf M (1939) Streptococcus viridans bacteremia following extraction of teeth; a case of multiple mycotic aneurysms in the pulmonary arteries: reports of cases and necropsies. J Am Med Assoc 113: 1788–1792Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Hopkins JA (1939) Streptococcus viridans: bacteremia following extraction of teeth. J Am Dent Assoc 26: 2002–2008Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Archard HO, Roberts WC (1966) Bacterial endocarditis after dental procedures in patients with aortic valve prostheses. J Am Dent Assoc 72: 648–652PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Salman L, Harrigan WF, Palladino VS (1970) Fatal bacterial endocarditis following tooth removal. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 30: 749–754PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Doerffel W, Fietze I, Baumann G, Witt C (1997) Severe prosthetic valve-related endocarditis following dental scaling: a case report. Quintessence Int 28: 271–274PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Martin MV, Butterworth ML, Longman LP (1997) Infective endocarditis and the dental practitioner: a review of 53 cases involving litigation. Br Dent J 182: 465–468PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Cooke BE (1970) Relation between oral disease and acute bacterial endocarditis. Dental bacteriaemia. Proc R Soc Med 63: 263–267PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Overholser CD, Moreillon P, Glauser MP (1988) Experimental endocarditis following dental extractions in rats with periodontitis. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 46: 857–861PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Droz D, Koch L, Lenain A, Michalski H (1997) Bacterial endocarditis: results of a survey in a children’s hospital in France. Br Dent J 183: 101–105PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Horstkotte D, Niebel J (1998) Endokarditis-Prophy laxe 1998 — was ist gesichert? Z Kardiol 87: 663–666PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Samuelsson O, Wilhelmsen L, Andersson OK et al. (1987) Cardiovascular morbidity in relation to change in blood pressure and serum cholesterol levels in treated hypertension — Results from the primary prevention trial in Goteborg, Sweden. JAMA 258:1768–1766PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Kauppinen-Makelin R, Nikkila EA (1988) Serum lipoproteins in patients with myocardial infarction. Atherosclerosis 74: 65–74PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Meade TW, Imeson J, Stirling Y (1987) Effects of changes in smoking and other characteristics on clotting factors and the risk of ischaemic heart disease. Lancet 2: 986–988PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Pesonen E, Siitonen O (1981) Acute myocardial infarction precipitated by infectious disease. Am Heart J 101: 512–513PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Spodick DH, Flessas AP, Johnson MM (1984) Association of acute respiratory symptoms with onset of acute myocardial infarction: prospective investigation of 150 consecutive patients and matched control patients. Am J Cardiol 53: 481–482PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Syrjanen J, Peltola J, Valtonen V et al. (1989) Dental infections in association with cerebral infarction in young and middle-aged men. J Intern Med 225: 179–184PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Harlan JM, Harker LA, Reidy MA et al. (1983) Lipopolysaccharide-mediated bovine endothelial cell injury in vitro. Lab Invest 48: 269–274PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Harlan JM, Harker LA, Striker GE, Weaver LJ (1983) Effects of lipopolysaccharide on human endothelial cells in culture. Thromb Res 29: 15–26PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Sammalkorpi K (1989) Glucose intolerance in acute infections. J Intern Med 225: 15–19PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Sammalkorpi K, Valtonen V, Kerttula Y et al. (1988) Changes in serum lipoprotein pattern induced by acute infections. Metabolism 37: 859–865PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Mattila KJ, Nieminen MS, Valtonen VV et al. (1989) Association between dental health and acute myocardial infarction. BMJ 298: 779–781PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Mattila KJ, Asikainen S, Wolf J et al. (2000) Age, dental infections, and coronary heart disease. J Dent Res 79: 756–760PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Mattila KJ (1993) Dental infections as a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction. Eur Heart J 14,Suppl K: 51–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    DeStefano F, Anda RF, Kahn HS et al. (1993) Dental disease and risk of coronary heart disease and mortality [see comments]. BMJ 306: 688–691PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Ziegler CM, Schwarz W, Grau A et al. (1998) Odontogenic focus as the etiology of cerebral ischemia. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir 2: 316–319PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Hausen H, Milen A, Heinonen OP, Paunio I (1982) Caries in primary dentition and social class in high and low fluoride areas. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 10: 33–36PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Pocock SJ, Shaper AG, Cook DG et al. (1987) Social class differences in ischaemic heart disease in British men. Lancet 2: 197–201PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Rivera-Hidalgo F (1986) Smoking and periodontal disease. A review of the literature. J Periodontol. 57: 617–624PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Jacobs HG (1971) Beitrag zur statistischen Auswertung der zur Herddiagnostik der Klinik überwiesenen Patienten. ZWR 80: 61–65PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Zivkovic S (1990) Endodontic treatment in the the — rapy of alopecia areata. Stomatol Glas Srb 37: 299–305PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Lesclous P, Maman L (1997) An unusual case of alopecia areata of dental origin. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 84: 290–292PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Romoli M, Cudia G (1987) Alopecia areata and homolateral headache due to an impacted superior wisdom tooth. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 16: 477–479PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Kirch W, Duhrsen U (1992) Erythema nodosum of dental origin. Clin Investig 70: 1073–1078PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Sistig S, Jukic S, Vucicevic-Boras V (1999) Erythema nodosum of dental origin. Eur J Med Res 4: 208–210PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Lesclous P, Maman L (1999) An unusual case of a relationship between rosacea and dental foci. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 88: 679–682PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Boyd AS, King LE Jr. (1999) Recalcitrant acne vulgaris secondary to a dental abscess. Cutis 64: 116–118PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Goga D, Vaillant L, Pandraud L et al. (1988) The elimination of dental and sinusal infectious foci in dermatologic pathology. A double-blind study in 27 cases confined to chronic urticaria. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 89: 273–275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Tanphaichitr K (1981) Chronic urticaria associated with bacterial infection. A case of dental infection. Cutis 27: 653–656PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Shelley WB (1969) Urticaria of nine year’s duration cleared following dental extraction. A case report. Arch Dermatol 100: 324–325PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Krstic A, Zivkovic M, Janjatovic T (1969) Die Bedeutung der Fokalinfektion bei Psoriasis vulgaris und der Psoriasis arthropathica. Hautarzt 20: 274–276PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Hori RY, Lewis JL, Zimmermann JR, Compere CL (1978) The number of total joint replacements in the U.S. Clinical Orthopaedics 132: 46–52Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Mulligan R (1980) Late infections in patients with prostheses for total hip replace ment of joints: implications for the dental practitioner. J Am Dent Assoc 101: 44–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Rubin R, Salvati EA, Lewis R (1976) Infected total hip replacement after dental pro cedures. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 41: 18–23PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Schurmann DJ, Aptekar RG, Burton DS(1976) Infection in total knee joint replace ment, secondary to tooth abscess. West J Med 125: 226–227Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Strazzeri JC, Anzel S (1986) Infected total hip arthroplasty due to Actinomyces israelii after dental extraction. A case report. Clin Orthop: 128–131Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Rubin R, Salvati EA, Lewis R (1976) Infected total hip replacement after dental procedures. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 41: 18–23PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Kaar TK, Bogoch ER, Devlin HR (2000) Acute metastatic infection of a revision total hip arthroplasty with oral bacteria after noninvasive dental treatment. J Arthroplasty 15: 675–678PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Field EA, Martin MV (1991) Prophylactic antibiotics for patients with artificial joints undergoing oral and dental surgery: necessary or not? Br.J.Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 29: 341–346PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Role of dental foci of infection in specific types of body disease. J Am Dent Assoc 42, 1951: 655–686Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Scannapieco FA (1999) Role of oral bacteria in respiratory infection. J Periodontol. 70: 793–802PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Fardy CH, Findlay G, Owen G, Shortland G (1999) Toxic shock syndrome secondary to a dental abscess. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 28: 60–61PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Borowsky SA, Hasse A, Wiedlin R, Lott E (1979) Dental infection in a cirrhotic patient — Source of recurrent sepsis. Gastroenterology 76: 836–839PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Levinson SL, Barondess JA (1979) Occult dental infection as a cause of fever of obscure origin. Am J Med 66: 463–467PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Shinoda T, Mizutani H, Kaneda T, Suzuki M (1987) Fever of unknown origin caused by dental infection. Report of a case. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 64: 175–178PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Offenbacher S, Katz V, Fertik G et al. (1996) Periodontal infection as a possible risk factor for preterm low birth weight. J Periodontol 67: 1103–1113PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Juchli E (1970) Was the impacted 3d molar responsible? Quintessenz 21: 29–30PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Raab H (1972) Die vegetativen Grundlagen dentogener Herderkrankungen. Maudrich, WienGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Haunfelder D (1975) Die Bedeutung des soge — nannten Herdgeschehens für den Zahnarzt. In: Haunfelder D, Horch H (Hrsg.) Kieferorthopädie. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München Wien Baltimore, 1–34Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Boyd W (1943) A text-book of pahtology, 4th ed. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, 164–167Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Freeman N (1931) Histopathological investigations of the dental granuloma: a prelimited report. J Dent Res 11: 175–200Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Meyer-Döring H (1959) Welche Folgen ergeben sich aus der Herdinfektionslehre für die zahnärztliche Praxis? Dtsch zahnärztl Z 14: 1494Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Offenbacher S, Katz V, Fertik G et al. (1996) Periodontal infection as a possible risk factor for preterm low birth weight. J Periodontol 67: 1103–1113PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Wu T, Trevisan M, Genco RJ et al. (2000) Examination of the relation between periodontal health status and cardiovascular risk factors: serum total and high density lipoprotein cholesterol, C-reactive protein, and plasma fibrinogen. Am J Epidemiol 151: 273–282PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Okabe K, Nakagawa K, Yamamoto E (1995) Factors affecting the occurrence of bacteremia associated with tooth extraction. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 24: 239–242PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Lucas V, Roberts GJ (2000) Odontogenic bacteremia following tooth cleaning procedures in children. Pediatr Dent 22: 96–100PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Roberts GJ, Holzel HS, Sury MR et al. (1997) Dental bacteremia in children. Pediatr Cardiol 18: 24–27PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Roberts GJ (1999) Dentists are innocent! »Everyday« bacteremia is the real culprit: a review and assessment of the evidence that dental surgical procedures are a principal cause of bacterial endocarditis in children. Pediatr Cardiol. 20: 317–325PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Logan WHG (1937) Are pulps and investing tissues of completely embedded teeth infected? J Am Dent Assoc 24: 853–867Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Laskin DM (1998) A new focus on focal infection. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 56: 813PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Kellner G (1969) Grundsätzliches zum Herdgeschehen. Zahnärztl Mitt 59: 68–72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Rheinwald U (1973) Zahnärztliche Materialien als Ursache sogenannter Herderkrankungen. Zahnärztl Mitt 63: 577–580PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Weaver T, Auclair PL, Taybos GM (1987) An amalgam tattoo causing local and systemic disease? Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 63: 137–140PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Kellner G (1977) Ist ein Implantat ein Fokus? Zahnäztl Prax 28: 554–558Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Branemark PI (1983) Osseointegration and its experimental background. J Prosthet Dent 50: 399–410PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Haanaes HR (1990) Implants and infections with special reference to oral bacteria. J Clin Periodontol 17: 516–524PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Altmann L (1969) Der zahnärztliche Herdbefund. Österr Z Stomat 10: 380–385Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Keith DA (1973) The detection of abnormalities in the jaws. Br Dent J 134: 129–135PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Mehnert H (1968) Die Untersuchung auf potentielle odontogene Herde. Österr Z Stomat 65: 23–26Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Rushton VE, Horner K (1996) The use of panoramic radiology in dental practice. J Dent 24: 185–201PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Altmann L (1969) Zur pathologischen Anatomie und Röntgenanalyse des odontogenen Fokus. Zahnarztl Prax 20: 181PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Mastalier O (1996) Ganzheitliche Zahn-, Mund-und Kieferheilkunde. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München Wien BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Voll R (1987) Kopfherde — Diagnostik und Therapie mittels Elektroakupunktur und Medikamententestung. Medizinisch Literarische Verlagsgesellschaft, UelzenGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Keßler
    • 1
  1. 1.Klinik und Poliklinik für Mund-, Kiefer-, GesichtschirurgieUniversitätsklinikunikum ErlangenErlangen

Personalised recommendations