Advertisement

History of Neonatal Maxillary Orthopedics: Past to Present

  • Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman
  • Birte Prahl-Andersen

Keywords

Cleft Palate Maxillary Arch Alveolar Cleft Palate Patient Maxillary Segment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    McNeil CK. Orthodontic procedures in the treatment of congenital cleft palate. Dental Record 1950; 70:126–132.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pruzansky S. Pre-surgical orthopedics and bone grafting for infants with cleft lip and palate: A dissent. 1964; Cleft Palate J 1:164–186.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Prahl-Andersen B, Meijer R. Präoperative kieferorthopädische Behandlung von Kindern mit totalen Spaltbildungen. Ja oder nein? Stomatol DDR 1979; 29:911–919.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Witzel MA. 47th Annual Meeting of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, letter to the editor. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1990; 27:323.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shaw WB, Semb G, Nelson P, Brattström V, Mølsted K, Prahl-Andersen B (2000) The Eurocleft Project 1996–2000. IOS Press, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Georgiade NG, Miadick RA, Thorne FL. Positioning of the premaxilla in bilateral cleft lips by oral pinning and traction. Plast Reconstr Surg 1968; 41:240–243.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Latham RA. Orthopedic advancement of the cleft maxillary segment: A preliminary report. Cleft Palate J 1980; 17:227–233.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hotz M, Gnoinski W. Comprehensive care of cleft lip and palate children at Zürich University: a preliminary report. Am J Orthod 1976; 70:481–504.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Harkins CS. Principles of cleft palate prosthesis. Temple University Publications: New York; 1960. p. 142.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Georgiade NG. Early utilization of prosthetic appliances in cleft palate patients. Plast Reconstr Surg 1964; 34:617–623.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Burston WR (1960) The pre-surgical orthopaedic correction of the maxillary deformity in clefts of both primary and secondary palate. In: Wallace AB, (ed.) Transactions of the International Society of Plastic Surgeons, Second Congress, London. E&S Livingston Ltd.: Edinburgh and London; 1959. p. 28–36.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Huddart AG. Treatment procedures in cleft lip and palate cases. Br Dent J 1967; 122:185–192.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hotz M. Pre-and early post-operative growth-guidance in cleft lip and palate cases by maxillary orthopedics. Cleft Palate J 1969; 6:361–372.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Winters JC, Hurwitz DJ. Presurgical orthopedics in the surgical management of unilateral cleft lip and palate. Plast Reconstr Surg 1995; 95:755–764.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Brophy TW. Cleft lip and cleft palate. J Am Dent Ass 1927; 14:1108–1115.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    McNeil CK. Oral and facial deformity. Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons: London; 1954. p. 81–89.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    McNeil CK. Congenital oral deformities. Brit Dent J 1956; 101:191–198.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Scott JH. The analysis of facial growth. I: the anteroposterior and vertical dimensions. Am J Orthod 1956; 44:507–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Scott JH. The analysis of facial growth. II: the horizontal and vertical dimensions. Am J Orthod 1958; 44:585–595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Burston WR. The early orthodontic treatment of alveolar clefts. Proc R Soc Med 1965; 58:767–771.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Burston WR. Pre-surgical facial orthopaedics in relationship to the overall management of cleft lip and palate conditions. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 1971; 48:31–32.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rosenstein S. A new concept in the early orthopedic treatment of cleft lip and palate. Am J Orthod 1969; 55:765–775.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Robertson NRE. Recent trends in the early treatment of cleft lip and palate. Dent Pract 1971; 21:326–339.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Brogan WF, McComb H. The early management of cleft lip and palate deformities. Aus Den J 1973; 18:212–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    O’Donnell JP, Krischer JP, Shiere FR. An analysis of presurgical orthopedics in the treatment of unilateral cleft lip and palate. Cleft Palate J 1974; 11:374–393.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Huddart AG. An evaluation of pre-surgical treatment. Br J Orthod 1974; 1:21–25.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Huddart AG. Presurgical changes in unilateral cleft palate subjects. Cleft Palate J 1979; 16:147–157.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Prahl C, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, van’t Hof MA, Prahl-Andersen B. A randomised prospective clinical trial into the effect of infant orthopedics on maxillary arch dimensions in unilateral cleft lip and palate (Dutchcleft). Eur J Oral Sci 2001; 109:297–305.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yamada T, Mori Y, Mishima K, Sugahara T. Nasolabial and alveolar morphology following presurgical orthopaedic treatment in complete unilateral clefts of lip, alveolus and palate. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2003; 31:343–347.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Huddart AG. The effect of form and dimension on the management of the maxillary arch in unilateral cleft lip and palate conditions. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg 1987; 21:53–56.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hochban W, Austermann KH. Presurgical orthopaedic treatment using hard plates. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 1989; 17(Suppl)1:2–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mishima K, Sugahara T, Mori Y, Sakuda M. Comparison between the palatal configurations in UCLP infants with and without a Hotz plate until four years of age. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2000; 37:185–190.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mishima K, Mori Y, Sugahara T, Sakuda M. Comparison between the palatal configurations in complete and incomplete unilateral cleft lip and palate infants under 18 months of age. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2001; 38:49–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gnoinski W. Infant orthopedics and later orthodontic monitoring for unilateral cleft lip and palate patients in Zurich. In: Bardach J, Morris HL (eds.) Multidisciplinary management of cleft lip and palate, WB Saunders: Philadelphia; 1990. p. 578–585.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Hotz M, Gnoinski W. Effects of early maxillary orthopaedics in co-ordination with delayed surgery for cleft lip and palate. J Maxillofac Surg 1979; 7:201–210.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Dorf DS, Reisberg DJ, Gold HO. Early prosthetic management of cleft palate. Articulation development prosthesis: A preliminary report. J Prosthet Dent 1985; 53:222–226.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Oblak P. Basic principles in the treatment of cleft at the university clinic for maxillo-facial surgery in Ljubljana, and their evolution in thirty years. In: Hotz M, Gnoinski W, Perko M, Nussbaumer H, Hof E, Haubensak R (eds.) Early treatment of cleft lip and palate. Hans Huber Publishers: Toronto; 1986. p. 123–125.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Weil J. Orthopaedic growth and guidance and stimulation for patients with cleft lip and palate. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg 1987; 21:57–63.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Ball JV, Dibiase DD, Sommerlad BC. Transverse maxillary arch changes with the use of preoperative orthopedics in unilateral cleft palate infants. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1995; 32:483–488.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Mishima K, Sugahara T, Mori Y, Sakuda M. Three-dimensional comparison between the palatal forms in infants with complete unilateral cleft lip, alveolus, and palate (UCLP) with and without Hotz’s plate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1996a; 33:245–251.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Mishima K, Sugahara T, Mori Y, Sakuda M. Three-dimensional comparison between the palatal forms in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate with and without Hotz plate from cheiloplasty to palatoplasty. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1996b; 33:312–317.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kozelj V. Changes produces by presurgical orthopedic treatment before cheiloplasty in cleft lip and palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1999; 36:515–521.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Reid J. A review of feeding interventions for infants with cleft palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2004; 41:268–278.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Pruzansky S, Aduss H. Arch form and the deciduous occlusion in complete unilateral clefts. Cleft Palate J 1964; 1:411–418.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kramer GJC, Hoeksma JB, Prahl-Andersen B. Early changes in complete cleft lip and/or palate. Acta Anat 1992; 44:202–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Bardach J, Morris HL, Olin WH. Late results of primary veloplasty: The Marburg project. Plast Reconstr Surg 1984; 73:207–215.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Witzel MA, Salyer KE, Ross RB. Delayed hard palate closure: the philosophy revisited. Cleft Palate J 1984; 21:263–268.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Nordin KE, Johansson B. Freie Knochentransplantation bei Defecten in Alveolarkamm nach kieferorthopädischer Einstellung der Maxilla bei Lippen-Kiefer-Gaumenspalten. In: Schuchardt K, Wassmund M, (eds.) Fortschritte der Kiefer-und Gesichts-Chirurgie, Vol. I, Georg Thieme Verlag: Stuttgart; 1955. p. 168–171.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Schmid E. Die Annäherung der Kieferstümpfe bei Lippen-Kiefer-Gaumenspalten; ihre schädlichen Folgen und Vermeidung. In: Schuchardt K, Wassmund M, (eds.) Fortschritte der Kiefer-und Gesichts-Chirurgie, Vol. I. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag; 1955. p. 37–39.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Robertson NRE. Oral orthopaedics and orthodontics for cleft lip and palate. London: Pitman Books; 1983.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Jolleys A, Robertson NRE. A study of the effects of early bone grafting in complete clefts of the lip and palate-a five-year study. Br J Plast Surg 1972; 25:229–237.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Robertson NRE. Early treatment — a critique. Trans Eur Orthod Soc 1973; 547–551.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Friede H, Johanson B. A follow-up study of cleft children treated with primary bonegrafting. I. Orthodontic aspects. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg 1974; 8:88–103.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Friede H, Johanson B. Adolescent facial morphology of early bonegrafted cleft lip and palate patients. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg 1982; 16:41–53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Pfeifer G. Primary bone grafting discontinued-evolution of the Hamburg approach. In: Hotz M, Gnoinski W, Perko M, Nussbaumer H, Hof E, Haubensak R, (eds.) Early treatment of cleft lip and palate. Hans Huber Publishers: Toronto; 1986. p. 90–94.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Reichert H, Manzari K. Twenty-five years of experience with primary bone grafting. In: Bardach J, Morris HL, (eds.) Multidisciplinary management of cleft lip and palate. WB Saunders: Philadelphia; 1990. p. 555–563.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Lilja J, Friede H, Johanson B. Changing philosophy of surgery of the cleft lip and palate in Göteborg, Sweden. In: Berkowitz S, (ed.) Cleft lip and palate. Perspectives in management. Vol II. Singular Publishing Group: San Diego-London; 1996. p. 155–170.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Smahel Z, Müllerova Z, Nejedly A, Horak I. Changes in craniofacial development due to modifications of the treatment of unilateral cleft lip and palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1998; 35:240–247.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Dado DV. Early primary bone grafting. In: Kernahan DA, Rosenstein SW, (eds.) Cleft lip and palate. A system of management. Williams & Wilkins: Baltimore; 1990. p. 182–188.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Kernahan DA, Rosenstein SW, (eds.) (1990) Cleft lip and palate: a system of management. Williams and Wilkins: Baltimore; 1990.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Rosenstein SW. Early bone grafting of alveolar cleft deformities. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2003; 61:1078–1081.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Rosenstein SW, Grasseschi M, Dado DV. A long-term retrospective outcome assessment of facial growth, secondary surgical need, and maxillary lateral incisor status in a surgical-orthodontic protocol for complete clefts. Plast Reconstr Surg 2003; 111:1–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Ross RB. Treatment variables affecting facial growth in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. Part 3: alveolus repair and bone grafting. Cleft Palate J 1987c; 24:33–44.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Trotman CA, Long RE, Rosenstein SW, Murphy C, Johnston LE. Comparison of facial form in primary alveolar bonegrafted and nongrafted unilateral cleft lip and palate patients: Intercentre retrospective study. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1996; 33:91–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Millard DR Jr, Latham RA. Improved surgical and dental treatment of clefts. Plast Reconstr Surg 1990; 86:856–871.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Millard DR Jr. Embryonic rationale for the primary correction of classical congenital clefts of the lip and palate. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 1994; 76:150–160.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Millard DR, Latham R, Huifen X, Spiro S, Morovic C. Cleft lip and palate treated by presurgical orthopedics, gingivoperiosteoplasty, and lipadhesion (POPLA) compared with previous lip adhesion method: a preliminary study of serial dental casts. Plast Reconstr Surg 1999; 103:1630–1644.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Berkowitz S. Cleft lip and palate. Perspectives in management. Singular Publishing Group: San Diego-London; 1996a.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Lukash FN, Schwartz M, Grauer S, Tuminelli F. Dynamic cleft maxillary orthopedics and periosteoplasty: Benefit or detriment? Ann Plast Surg 1998; 40:321–326.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Berkowitz S. A comparison of treatment results in complete bilateral cleft lip and palate using a conservative approach versus Millard-Latham PSOT procedure. Semin Orthod 1996b; 2:169–184.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Berkowitz S, Mejia M, Bystrik A. A comparison of the effects of the Latham-Millard procedure with those of a conservative treatment approach for dental occlusion and facial aesthetics in unilateral and bilateral complete cleft lip and palate: Part I. Dental occlusion. Plast Reconstr Surg 2004; 113:1–18.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Henkel KO, Gundlach KK. Analysis of primary gingivoperiosteoplasty in alveolar cleft repair. Part I: Facial growth. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 1997; 25:266–269.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Skoog T. The use of periosteal flaps in the repair of clefts of the primary palate. Cleft Palate J 1965; 2:332–339.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Hellquist R. Experiences with infant and delayed periosteoplasty. Swed Dent J 1982; (Suppl) 15:79–87.Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Hellquist R, Svärdström K, Pontén B. A longitudinal study of delayed periosteoplasty to the cleft alveolus. Cleft Palate J 1983; 20:277–288.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Hellquist R, Svärdström LDS. Changes in the treatment programme 1964 to 1984 at the Uppsala Cleft Palate Centre. In: Hotz M, Gnoinski W, Perko M, Nussbaumer H, Hof E, Haubensak R, (eds.) Early treatment of cleft lip and palate. Hans Huber Publishers: Toronto; 1986. p. 131–134.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Rintala A, Ranta R. Primary treatment of cleft lip and palate at the Finnish Red Cross Cleft Palate Center from 1966 to 1980. In: Hotz M, Gnoinski W, Perko M, Nussbaumer H, Hof E, Haubensak R, (eds.) Early treatment of cleft lip and palate. Hans Huber Publishers: Toronto; 1986. p. 140–143.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Fara M, Müllerova Z, Smahel Z, Brousilova M, Hrivnakova, Cerny M, Vohradnik M. Multidisciplinary management of cleft lip and palate in Prague, Czechoslovakia. In: Bardach J, Morris HL, (eds.) Multidisciplinary management of cleft lip and palate. WB Saunders: Philadelphia; 1990. p. 45–57.Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Smahel Z, Müllerova Z. Facial growth and development in unilateral cleft lip and palate during the period of puberty: comparison of the development after periosteoplasty and after primary bone grafting. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1994; 31:106–115.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, Long. The influence of surgery and orthopedic treatment on maxillofacial growth and maxillary arch dimensions in patients treated for orofacial clefts. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2000; 37:525/1–527/12.Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Hotz M, Gnoinski W, Perko M, Nussbaumer H, Haubensak R. The Zürich approach 1964 to 1984. In: Hotz M, Gnoinski W, Perko M, Nussbaumer H, Hof E, Haubensak R, (eds.) Early treatment of cleft lip and palate. Hans Huber Publishers: Toronto; 1986.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Gnoinski WM. Early maxillary orthopaedics as a supplement to conventional primary surgery in complete cleft lip and palate cases-long-term results. J Maxillofac Surg 1982; 10:165–172.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Van Demark DR, Gnoinski W, Hotz MM, Perko M, Nussbaumer H. Speech results of the Zurich approach in the treatment of unilateral cleft lip and palate. Plast Reconstr Surg 1989; 83:605–613.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Grayson BH, Cutting CB, Wood R. Preoperative columella lengthening in bilateral cleft lip and palate. Plast Reconstr Surg 1993; 92:1422–1423.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Cutting CB, Grayson BH, Brecht L, Santiago P, Wood R, Kwon S. Presurgical columellar elongation and retrograde nasal reconstruction in one-stage bilateral cleft lip and nose repair. Plast Reconstr Surg 1998; 101:630–639.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 85.
    Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, Konst EM, Prahl C, Severens JL, Prahl-Andersen B. A study into the effects of presurgical orthopedic treatment in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate patients. An extensive summary in English. AZN St Radboud, Nijmegen; 1998.Google Scholar
  87. 86.
    Prahl C, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, van’t Hof MA, Prahl-Andersen B. Infant orthopedics in UCLP: effect on feeding, weight, and length. A randomized clinical trial (Dutchcleft). Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2005; 42(2):171–177.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 87.
    Prahl C, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, van’t Hof MA, Prahl-Andersen B. A randomized prospective clinical trial of the effect of infant orthopedics in unilateral cleft lip and palate: Prevention of collapse of the alveolar segments (Dutchcleft). Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2003; 40:337–342.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 88.
    Bongaarts CA, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, Van’t Hof MA, Prahl-Andersen B. The effect of infant orthopedics on the occlusion of the deciduous dentition in children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (Dutchcleft). Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2004; 41(6):633–641.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 89.
    Atack N, Hathorn I, Mars M, Sandy J. Study of models of 5 year old children as predictors of surgical outcome in unilateral cleft lip and palate. Eur J Orthod 1997a; 19:165–170.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 90.
    Atack NE, Hathorn IS, Semb G, Dowell T, Sandy JR. A new index for assessing surgical outcome in unilateral cleft lip and palate subjects aged five: reproducibility and validity. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1997b; 34:242–246.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 91.
    Atack NE, Hathorn I, Dowell T, Sandy J, Semb G, Leach A. Early detection of differences in surgical outcome for cleft lip and palate. Br J Orthod 1998; 25:181–185.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 92.
    Konst EM, Weersink-Braks H, Rietveld T, Peters H. Prelexical development of unilateral cleft lip and palate babies with reference to presurgical infant orthopaedics: A randomised prospective clinical trial. Clin Linguist Phonet 1999; 13:395–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 93.
    Konst EM, Rietveld T, Peters H, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM. Language skills of young children with unilateral cleft lip and palate following infant orthopedics: A randomized clinical trial. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2003a; 40:356–360.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 94.
    Konst EM, Rietveld T, Peters H, Prahl-Andersen B. Phonological development of toddlers with unilateral cleft lip and palate who were treated with and without infant orthopedics: A randomized clinical trial. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2003b; 40:32–39.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 95.
    Konst EM, Rietveld T, Peters H, Weersink-Braks. Use of a perceptual evaluation instrument to assess the effects of infant orthopedics on the speech of toddlers with cleft lip and palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2003c; 40:597–605.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 96.
    Konst EM, Weersink-Braks H, Rietveld T, Peters H. An intelligibility assessment of toddlers with cleft lip and palate who received and did not receive presurgical infant orthopedic treatment. J Commun Disord 2000; 33:483–501.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 97.
    Drummond MF, O’Brien BJ, Stoddart GL, Torrance GW. Methods for the economic evaluation of health care programs. Oxford Medical Publications: Oxford; 1997.Google Scholar
  99. 98.
    Severens JL, Prahl C, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, Prahl-Andersen B. Short-term cost-effectiveness analysis of presurgical orthopedic treatment in children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1998; 35:222–226.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 99.
    Cunningham SJ. An introduction to economic evaluation of health care. J Orthod 2001; 28:246–250.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 100.
    Severens JL, De Boo TM, Konst EM. Uncertainty of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios. A comparison of Fieller and bootstrap confidence intervals. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 1999; 15:608–614.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 101.
    Konst EM, Prahl C, Weersink-Braks H, De Boo T, Prahl-Andersen B, Kuijpers-Jagtman AM, Severens JL. Cost-effectiveness of infant orthopedic treatment regarding speech in patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate: A randomized three-center trial in the Netherlands (Dutchcleft). Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2004; 41:71–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 102.
    Berkowitz S. Cleft lip and palate research: an updated state of the art. Section III: orofacial growth and dentistry: a state of the art report on neonatal maxillary orthopedics. Cleft Palate J 1977; 14:288–301.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. 103.
    Grayson BH, Cutting CB. Presurgical nasoalveolar orthopedic molding in primary correction of the nose, lip, and alveolus of infants born with unilateral and bilateral clefts. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2001; 38:193–198.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman
  • Birte Prahl-Andersen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations