Congruence of structures in urban knowledge representation

  • Vasco Mancini
  • Wyllis Bandler
Knowledge Representation
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 313)


This paper is concerned with knowledge representation and its attendant knowledge elicitation, to both of which we bring the systems point of view. We are concerned with an adequately complex hypersystem, involving two quite elaborate structures and the relationship betwen them. One of these is the spatial structure of an entire city, composed of such things as buildings, streets, bridges, squares, and their many relations of contiguity, access, contrast, and so forth; at higher levels the objects are neighborhoods, business districts, shopping areas, etc. and the relations are the corresponding ones. The other subsystem is the aspatial structure of the city, consisting, at various levels, of individual personalities with the many social and psychological relations among them, of groups and their organizational and activity interrelations, and so on up. Between these two great structures subsists, at every level, a multitude of relations of good and bad fit, which can be summarized as an overarching relation of congruence; the hypersystem of these two structures and their interrelationship is the focus of our study.


Knowledge Representation Town Hall Historical City Shopping Area Elaborate Structure 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vasco Mancini
    • 1
  • Wyllis Bandler
    • 2
  1. 1.Architecture and EnvironmentsColchesterU.K.
  2. 2.Institute for Cognitive Sciences and Department of Computer ScienceFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeU.S.A.

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