Solid-state effects in electron ejection by charged particles

  • Yasunori Yamazaki
Ion-Solid and Ion-Molecule Collisions
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 294)


Collisions of swift ions with thin foils show several similarities and differences to those with gases. The differences, denoted “solid state effects”, are the subjects of this report. We will discuss examples of solid state effects observed through measurements of (i)convoy electrons, (ii)Rydberg electrons, (iii)binary electrons, and (iv)slow electrons, produced by ~100 keV/u−~MeV/u H+, H2+, Ho, Cq+, NH j+(j=0−4), and N2+ ions bombarding thin carbon foils.


Foil Thickness Slow Electron Carbon Foil Exit Surface Electron Intensity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    N.Bohr: K.Dan.Vidensk.Selsk.Mat.-Fys.Medd. 18, No.8 (1948).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    [2]e.g., L.H.Toburen: Phys.Rev. A3,216 (1971).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Y.Yamazaki and N.Oda: Phys.Rev.Lett. 52,29 (1984).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Y.Yamazaki, A.Yasaka, and N.Oda: Phys.Rev. A2B,1873 (1983).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    For a review, e.g., I.A.Sellin: in Physics of Electronic and Atomic Collisions, edited by S.Datz (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1982), p.195.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    K.Dettmann, K.G.Harrison, and M.W.Lucas: J.Phys. B7,269 (1974).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    M.Breinig et al.: Phys.Rev. A25,3015 (1982), and I.A.Sellin et al.: Nucl.Instrum.Methods 194,394(1982).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    V.N.Neelavathi, R.H.Ritchie, and W.Brandt: Phys.Rev.Lett. 33,302 (1974).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    A simple model calculation [Y.Yamazaki and N.Oda: Nucl.Instrum. Methods 194,415(1982)] shows that the cross section for capturing an electron into wake riding state is very small as compared with the competing process like ELC, ECC, and FETC. To get a reliable conclusion on the possibility of wake riding electrons, some special elaborative design of experiments will be necessary.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    P.M.Echenique, R.H.Ritchie, and W.Brandt: Phys.Rev. B20,2567 (1979).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    J.H.McGuire, T.Reeves, N.C.Deb, and N.C.Sil: Nucl.Instrum.Methods B24/25,243 (1987).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    D.T.Quinto and W.D.Robertson: Surf.Sci. 27,145 (1971).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Y.Yamazaki and N.Oda: Nucl.Instrum.Methods B10/11,161 (1985), and Y.Yamazaki, N.Oda, H.Ninomiya, and K.Kuroki: Nucl.Instrum.Methods B13, 167(1986), and references therein.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    R.Latz, J.Schafer, H.J.Frischkorn, P.Koschar, D.Hofmann, K.O.Groeneveld, and W.Meckbach: Nucl.Instrum.Methods B2,265 (1984).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    A.Goni, S.Suarez, P.Focke, G.Bernardi, and W.Meckbach: Phys.Rev. Lett. 57,1584 (1986).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Y.Yamazaki et al.: Phys.Rev. A34,4493 (1986).Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Y.Yamazaki, W.Koenig, P.J.Cooney, A.Faibis, E.P.Kanter, and B.J. Zabransky: Phys.Rev. A (to be published).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    P.J.Cooney, D.S.Gemmell, E.P.Kanter, W.J.Pietsch, and B.J.Zabransky: Nucl.Instrum.Methods 170,73 (1980).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    M.E.Rudd and J.Macek: Case Studies in Atomic Physics Vo1.3, 1972 (Amsterdam:North Holland) p48.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Itoh, et al.: Phys.Rev. A31,684 (1985).Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    N.Stolerfoht et al.: Proceedings of the US-Mexico Symposium on Atomic and Molecular Physics: Two Electron Phenomena, Cocoyoc, Mexico, 1986 (to be published).Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Y.Yamazaki, P.D.Miller, H.F.Krause, P.L.Pepmiller, S.Datz, and N.Stolterfoht: Phys.Rev.Lett. 57,992 (1986).Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    J.Burgdoerfer: This conference.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    H.D.Betz, J.Rothermel, and F.Bell: Nucl.Instrum.Methods 170,243 (1980), and C.Can, R.J.Maurer, B.Bandong, and R.L.Watson: Phys.Rev. A35,3244(1987).Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    D.S.Gemmell: Nucl.Instrum.Methods 194,255 (1982), F.Bell, H.D. Betz, H.Panke, and W.Stehling: J.Phys. B9,L443(1976), and S.Datz et al.: Phys.Rev.Lett. 40,843(1978).Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    W.Koenig, A.Faibis, E.P.Kanter, Z.Vager, and B.J.Zabransky: Nucl.Instrum.Methods B10/11,259 (1985).Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    E.J.Sternglass: Phys.Rev. 108,1 (1957), H.G.Clerc, H.J.Gehrhardt, L.Richiter, and K.H.Schmidt: Nucl.Instrum.Methods 113,325(1973), and H.J.Frischkorn et al.: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, NS-30,931 (1983).Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Y.Yamazaki and K.Kuroki: Nucl.Instrum.Methods (to be published).Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    L.I.Pivovar, V.M.Tubaev, and M.J.Novikov: Soviet Physics JETP 14, 20 (1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasunori Yamazaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Laboratory for Nuclear ReactorsTokyo Institute of TechnologyOokayama, Meguro-kuJapan

Personalised recommendations