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Chemistry pp 69-121 | Cite as

Recent advances in membrane science and technology

  • V. T. Stannett
  • W. J. Koros
  • D. R. Paul
  • H. K. Lonsdale
  • R. W. Baker
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 32)

Abstract

In this review dealing with recent advances in membrane science, the term “membrane” will be used to indicate any medium which acts as a barrier to transport into or out of a region, provides selective transfer of one species over another or regulates the transport of a material to its environment at a controlled rate. In addition to the common usage of the word “membrane” to indicate a dense polymer film, the above definition includes a variety of interesting cases such as highly porous ultrafiltration membranes and hydrophobic liquid membranes with selectivity properties which can be tailored by incorporation of materials which selectively complex with one of the species to be processed. The important topics of controlled release of chemicals from polymeric devices and removal of volatile monomers from addition polymers such as poly(vinyl chloride) and poly(acrylonitrile) are also treated here.

This review does not aim for an encyclopedic coverage of the rapidly expanding field of membrane science. The topics treated do, however, present a reasonable sampling of the current literature on membrane science. The subjects treated reflect directly the interests of the authors and many of the topics are fundamentally related to the fact that the membrane is a high polymer. Indeed, the transport and sorption theories presented provide parameters whose physical interpretation often is a useful complement to other methods of physical analysis of the polymeric state. The study of gas sorption and transport in rubbery polymers is perhaps the simplest example of such a case and will be treated first.

Keywords

Hollow Fiber Composite Membrane Glassy Polymer Residual Monomer Aromatic Polyamide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. T. Stannett
    • 1
  • W. J. Koros
    • 1
  • D. R. Paul
    • 2
  • H. K. Lonsdale
    • 3
  • R. W. Baker
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering North Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering University of TexasAustinUSA
  3. 3.Bend Research, Inc.BendUSA

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