Observations bearing on the theory of stellar convection II

  • Erika Böhm-Vitense
I. Mixing-Length Theory
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 71)


It is shown that the best way to get information about efficiency of convective energy transport in the hydrogen convection zones in stars other than the sun is presently contained in continuous energy distributions of A and F stars. Scans show that convective energy transport must be much more efficient than thought hitherto. The scans indicate that rapid rotation enhances convective energy transport.

Figure 1 lists all the observations, we could think of, which are influenced by the outer convection zone and which can therefore give us information for our convection theory.


Convection Zone Equivalent Width Radiative Equilibrium Blue Star Field Star 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abt, H. and Hunter, J.: 1962, Ap. J. 136, 381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen, L.H., Greenstein, J.L.: 1960, Ap. J. Suppl. 5, 139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Andersen, P.: 1973, P.A.S.P. 85, 666Google Scholar
  4. Andersen, C.M., Stoeckley, R. and Kraft, R.P.: 1966, Ap. J. 143, 299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baschek, B. and Oke, J.B.: 1965, Ap. J. 141, 1404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baschek, B. and Reimers, D.: 1969, Astron. and Astrophys. 2, 240Google Scholar
  7. Böhm, K.H.: 1958, Zs. f. Ap. 46, 245Google Scholar
  8. Böhm-Vitense, E.: 1970a, Astron. and Astrophys. 8, 283Google Scholar
  9. Böhm-Vitense, E.: 1970b, Astron. and Astrophys. 8, 209Google Scholar
  10. Böhm-Vitense, E. and Szkody, P.: 1974, Ap. J. 193, 607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Böhm-Vitense, E. and Canterna, R.: 1975, Ap. J. 194, 629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Böhm-Vitense, E. and Nelson, G.: 1976, Ap. J. in pressGoogle Scholar
  13. Böhm-Vitense, E. and Johnson, P.: 1977, in preparationGoogle Scholar
  14. Canterna, R.: 1976, private communicationGoogle Scholar
  15. Chaffee, R.H.: 1970, Astron. and Astrophys. 4, 291Google Scholar
  16. Chandtasekhar. S.:1961,Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability (Oxford, Clarendon Press) p. 135Google Scholar
  17. Collins, G.W.: 1965, Ap. J. 142, 265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dickens, R.J., Kraft, R.P., and Krzeminski, W.: 1968, A. J. 73, 6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Frisch, H. and: 1975, Physique des Mouvements dans les Atmosphéres Stellaires (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris 1976Google Scholar
  20. Garz, T. and Kock, M.: 1969, Astron. and Astrophys. 2, 274Google Scholar
  21. Hayes, D.S. and Lantham, D.W.: 1975, Ap. J. 197, 593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hoyle, F. and Schwarzschild, M.: 1955, Ap. J. Suppl. 13 Google Scholar
  23. Huang, S. and Struve, O.: 1952, Ap. J. 116, 410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Iben, I.: 1963, Ap. J. 138, 452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Johnson, H.L.: 1952, Ap. J. 116, 640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Johnson, H.L. and Morgan, W.W.: 1953, Ap. J. 117, 313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Johnson, H.L. and Knuckles, C.F.: 1955, Ap. J. 122, 209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Johnson, H.L. and Mitchell, R.I.: 1958, Ap. J. 128, 31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Johnson, H.L., Mitchell, R.I. and Iriarte, B.: 1962, Ap. J. 136, 75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Johnson, H.L., Mitchell, R.I., Iriarte, B., and Wisniewski, W.: 1966, Comm. Lunar and Planet. Lab. No. 63Google Scholar
  31. Kippenhahn, R.: 1972, In Stellar Chromospheres, Proceedings of MASA Colloquium.Google Scholar
  32. Slettebak, A.: 1955, Ap. J. 121, 653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Strömgren, B. and Perry, C.: 1965, unpublished report, Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton, N.J.Google Scholar
  34. Traving, G.: 1975, Physique des Mouvements dans les Atmospheres Stellaires (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris 1976Google Scholar
  35. Wallerstein, G.: 1962, Ap. J. Suppl. 6, 407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wallerstein, G. and Helfer, H.L.: 1966 Ap. J. 71, 350Google Scholar
  37. Wilson, O.C.: 1976, Ap. J. 205, 823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wright, K.O.: 1955, Transactions of the IAU, IX, 739Google Scholar
  39. Zirin, H.: 1975, Reprint, Hale Observatories (Carnegie Institution of Washington, California Institute of Technology, BBSO No. 0150)Google Scholar
  40. Kraft, R.P.: 1965, Ap. J. 142, 681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kraft, R.P.: 1967, Ap. J. 148, 129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Lucy, L.B.: 1976, Ap. J. 206, 499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mannery, E.J., Wallerstein, G. and Welch, G.A.: 1968, Ap. J. 73, 548Google Scholar
  44. Matsushima, S. and Travis, L.D.: 1973, Ap. J. 181, 387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mendoza, E.E.: 1956, Ap. J. 123, 54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Mitchell, R.I.: 1960, Ap. J. 132, 68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Oke, J.B.: 1964, Ap. J. 140, 689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Oke, J.B. and Conti, P.S.: 1966, Ap. J. 143, 134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Oke, J.B. and Schild, R.E.: 1970, Ap. J. 161, 1015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Paradijs, J. van: 1973, Astron. and Astrophys. 123, 369Google Scholar
  51. Reimers, D.: 1976, Physique des Mouvements dans les Atmospheres Stellaires. (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris 1976Google Scholar
  52. Rosendhal, J.: 1910, Ap. J. 160, 627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sandage, A. and Tammann, G.A. 1971, Ap. J. 167, 293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Schwarzschild, M.: 1975, Ap. J. 195, 137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sedlmayr, E.: 1975, Physique des Mouvements dans les Atmosphéres Stellaires. (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris 1976Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Spinger-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erika Böhm-Vitense
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.University of GöttingenGermany

Personalised recommendations