Land Subsidence Detected by Persistent Scatterer Interferometry Using ALOS/PALSAR Data from the Nakagawa Lowland in the Central Kanto Plain, Japan

  • Shoichi Hachinohe
  • Yu Morishita
Conference paper
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 147)


The Nakagawa lowland is located in the central part of the Kanto Plain; the largest plain in Japan. During the 1960s, major land subsidence occurred, exceeding 10 cm/year, as a result of over pumping of shallow and deep groundwaters in this area. In recent times, following the regulation of pumping by national and local governments, the amount of land subsidence in this area has decreased sharply. However, in the Nakagawa lowland, subsidence exceeding 1 cm/year is still ongoing in some areas, and is more pronounced during dry years in which the amount of groundwater use increases. In this study, we examined the local characteristics of land subsidence through persistent scatterer interferometry using ALOS/PALSAR data obtained from April 2006 to April 2011. On the basis of this analysis, we confirmed that subsidence was concentrated along the western margin of an incised buried valley, in which average displacement rates exceed 10 mm/year. The characteristics of this subsidence zone are suggestive of a geological structure that is buried beneath the alluvial plains, which is affected by groundwater pumping that targets the basal gravel layers of buried valley-fills. In addition, we detected a patched zone of around 0.3 km2 in the study area, in which average displacement rates exceed 15 mm/year. We estimated that this zone was formed by consolidation settlement of soft ground as a result of residential landfill.


Alluvial plain ALOS/PALSAR Incised buried valley Land subsidence SAR interferometry 



We are grateful to the reviewers for their helpful comments. This study was supported by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP26281065. The ALOS/PALSAR raw data used in this paper is owned by JAXA and METI. GSI purchased PALSAR data through the “Joint Cooperative Agreement between GSI and JAXA for observation of geographic information using ALOS data.” We express our deep and sincere gratitude to these authorities.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute, Center for Environmental Science in SaitamaKazoJapan
  2. 2.Geospatial Information Authority of JapanTsukubaJapan

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