Atmospheric Precipitable Water in Somma-Vesuvius Area During Extreme Weather Events from Ground-Based GPS Measurements

  • U. TammaroEmail author
  • U. Riccardi
  • F. Masson
  • P. Capuano
  • J. P. Boy
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 147)


In this paper, we analyze the tropospheric delay observed on some ground-based CGPS stations in a dense small regional network and its time evolution during extreme weather conditions. In particular, we studied two severe weather events occurring in the Campanian Region (Italy) on October 12, 2012 and December 2, 2014, reaching 42 and 28 mm rainfall during about 1 h at Naples (MAFE) and Gragnano (GRAG) stations respectively. The main concern of this study is the retrieval of the precipitable water (PW) from co-located GPS and meteorological stations. We investigate the correlation between PW and rain amount at ground level. We analyse phase residuals for each visible GPS satellite using sky plots of the phase residuals along the GPS satellites tracks, showing that the two phenomena are shown in the phase residual plots. Moreover, we compare PW data retrieved from observed meteorological data and from models (GPT2 and ECMWF), evidencing that there is a need for co-located CGPS and weather stations to improve the assessment of water content in the troposphere.


Precipitable water Tropospheric delay GPT2 ECMWF GPS 



We are grateful to Prof A. Mazzarella and Dr. R. Viola who provided us with meteorological data from MAFE station, and Regione Campania government for meteorological data from GRAG station. We thank Giuseppe Brandi for field activities. We wish to thank the Associate Editor, Jeff Freymueller, and anonymous reviewers for the useful comments and suggestions, which improved the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Tammaro
    • 1
    Email author
  • U. Riccardi
    • 2
  • F. Masson
    • 3
  • P. Capuano
    • 4
  • J. P. Boy
    • 3
  1. 1.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione “Osservatorio Vesuviano”NaplesItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell’ambiente e delle Risorse (DiSTAR)University “Federico II” of NaplesNaplesItaly
  3. 3.IPGS/EOST Université de Strasbourg/CNRSStrasbourgFrance
  4. 4.Department of Physics “E.R. Caianiello”University of SalernoSalernoItaly

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