Advertisement

Epitaxial Effects on Polymer Crystallization

  • Rui Xin
  • Jie Zhang
  • Xiaoli SunEmail author
  • Huihui Li
  • Zhaobin Qiu
  • Shouke YanEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 277)

Abstract

The macroscopic properties of semicrystalline polymeric materials are remarkably dependent on their microstructure and morphology. This offers an effective way to tailor the properties of such materials through crystal engineering. For purposeful control of the crystal structure and crystalline morphology, many sophisticated techniques have been developed. For example, to obtain a particular crystal structure of a polymorphic polymer, proper choice of heterogeneous nucleation agent is frequently used, and highly oriented crystalline materials can be produced through crystallization under shear field. It should be pointed out that even though special crystallization pathways have been developed to control the individual structure of a semicrystalline polymer in a specific aspect, synchronous control of multiscale structures with several aspects still remains a challenge. In this connection, surface-induced epitaxial crystallization shows significant advantages over other methods. It is well documented in numerous research studies that epitaxial crystallization of polymers allows simultaneous control of the crystal structure, orientation, and spatial arrangement of the backbone chain. This review discusses how surface-induced epitaxy influences the crystallization behavior of semicrystalline polymers and what kinds of unique crystal structures and morphologies of the polymers can be obtained. We hope that this provides useful information for polymer processing in different application fields and promotes the technical development of new methods for preparation of high polymeric materials for advanced applications.

Keywords

Crystallization Epitaxy Polymer Property Structure 

Notes

Acknowledgment

A portion of this material is based on research supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant numbers 50833006, and 50973008.

References

  1. 1.
    Brown RA, Pomp A, Hart CM, de Leeuw DM (1995) Science 270:972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huitema HEA, Gelinck GH, van der Putten JBPH, Kuijk KE, Hart CM, Cantatore E, Herwig PT, van Breemen AJJM, de Leeuw DM (2001) Nature 414:599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jang Y, Kim DH, Park YD, Cho JH, Hwang M, Cho K (2005) Appl Phys Lett 87:152105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Crone BK, Dodabalapur A, Sarpeshkar R, Gelperin A, Katz HE, Bao Z (2001) J Appl Phys 91:10140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crone BK, Dodabalapur A, Lin YY, Filas RW, Bao Z, LaDuca A, Sarpeshkar R, Katz HE, Li W (2000) Nature 403:521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ciferri A, Ward IM (1979) Ultra-high modulus polymers. Applied Science, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Smith P, Lemstra PJ (1980) Mater Sci 15:505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Oh SY, Akagi K, Shirakawa H (1989) Synth Met 32:245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gagnon DR, Karasz FE, Thomas EL, Lenz RW (1987) Synth Met 20:245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Andreatta A, Tokito S, Smith P, Heeger AJ (1990) Mol Cryst Liq Cryst 189:169Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wada Y (1982) Electronic properties of polymers. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Meille SV, Ferro DR, Brückner S, Lovinger AJ, Padden FJ (1994) Macromolecules 27:2615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Karger-Kocsis J (1996) Polym Eng Sci 36:203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Karger-Kocsis J, Varga J, Ehrenstein GW (1997) J Appl Polym Sci 64:2057CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Padden FJ, Keith HD (1959) J Appl Phys 30:1479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Keith HD, Padden FJ, Walter NM, Wyckoff HW (1959) J Appl Phys 30:1485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jones AT, Aizlewood JM, Beckett DR (1964) Makromol Chem 75:134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lotz B, Wittmann JC, Lovinger AJ (1996) Polymer 37:4979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stocker W, Schumacher M, Graff S, Thierry A, Wittmann JC, Lotz B (1998) Macromolecules 31:807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Torre J, Cortázar M, Gomez MA, Marco C, Ellis G, Rickel C, Dumas P (2006) Macromolecules 39:5564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Varga J (2002) J Macromol Sci B Phys 41:1121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Varga J (1986) J Therm Anal 31:165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Varga J (1989) J Therm Anal 35:1891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Shi GY, Zhang XD, Qiu ZX (1992) Makromol Chem 193:583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Li JX, Cheung WL (1999) Polymer 40:2085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yi QF, Wen XJ, Dong JY, Han CC (2008) Polymer 49:5053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Liu MX, Guo BC, Du ML, Chen F, Jia DM (2009) Polymer 50:3022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Royer L (1928) Bull Soc Fr Mineral Cristallogr 51:7Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Royer L (1954) Bull Soc Fr Mineral Cristallogr 77:1004Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bonev I (1972) Acta Crystallogr A 28:508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Gomer R, Smith CS (1953) Structure and properties of solid surfaces. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Frankenheim ML (1836) Ann Phys 37:516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Willems J (1955) Naturwissenschaften 42:176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Fischer EW (1958) Kolloidn Zh 159:108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Willems J (1957) Experientia 13:276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Willems J (1958) Discuss Faraday Soc 25:111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Willems J (1959) Experientia 15:175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Fischer EW (1958) Discuss Faraday Soc 25:204Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Mauritz KA, Baer E, Hopfinger AJ (1978) J Polym Sci Macromol Rev 13:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Tuinstra F, Baer E (1970) J Polym Sci Polym Lett Ed 8:861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Hobbs SY (1971) Nature Phys Sci 234:12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Boucher EA (1973) J Mater Sci 8:146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Seifert H, Müller-Buschbaum B (1965) Naturwissenschaften 52:155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Müller-Buschbaum B, Seifert H (1965) Kolloidn Zh 205:46Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Willems J (1967) Experientia 23:409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Lovinger AJ (1981) Polymer 22:412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Koutsky JA, Waiton AG, Baer E (1966) J Polym Sci A2 4:611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Carr SH, Keller A, Baer E (1970) J Polym Sci A2 8:1467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Mauritz KA, Baer E, Hopfinger AJ (1973) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 11:2185Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Ihn KJ, Tsuji M, Isoda S, Kawagushi A, Katayama KI, Tanaka Y, Sato H (1989) Makromol Chem 190:837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Willems J (1950) Angew Chem 62:335Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Macchi EM, Morossoff N, Morawetz H (1968) J Polym Sci A1 6:2033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Morossoff N, Lim D, Morawetz H (1964) J Am Chem Soc 87:3167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Walton AG, Carr SH, Baer E (1968) Polym Prepr Am Chem Soc 9:603Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Swei GS, Lando JB, Rickert SE, Mauritz KA (1986) Encycl Polym Sci Eng 6:209Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Wittmann JC, Lotz B (1990) Prog Polym Sci 15:909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Smith P, Pennings J (1974) Polymer 15:413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Smith P, Pennings J (1976) J Mater Sci 11:1450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Wittmann JC, John Manley RS (1977) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 15:1089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Wittmann JC, John Manley RS (1978) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 16:1891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Wittmann JC, Lotz B (1981) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 19:1837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Wittmann JC, Lotz B (1981) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 19:1853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Wittmann JC, Hodge AM, Lotz B (1983) J Polym Sci Polym Phys 21:2495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Wunderlich B (1973) Macromolecular physics, vol 1. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Cao W, Wang K, Zhang Q, Du R, Fu Q (2006) Polymer 47:6857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Wunderlich B, Melillo L (1966) Science 154:1329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Liang S, Yang H, Wang K, Zhang Q, Du R, Fu Q (2008) Acta Mater 56:506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Su R, Zhang Z, Gao X, Ge Y, Wang K, Fu Q (2010) J Phys Chem B 114:9994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Gao Y, Zong GY, Bai HW, Fu Q (2014) Chin J Polym Sci 32:245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Jiang Z, Wang Y, Fu L, Whiteside B, Wyborn J, Norris K, Wu Z, Coates P, Men Y (2013) Macromolecules 46:6981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Jiang X, Liao Q, Zhou J, Wang Z, Chan C, Li L (2013) J Polym Sci B Polym Phys 51:907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Khoury F (1966) J Res Natl Bur Stand A 70:29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Sauer JA, Morrow DR, Richarson GC (1965) J Appl Phys 36:3017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Shen Y, Yang D, Feng Z (1991) J Mater Sci 26:1941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Norton DR, Keller A (1985) Polymer 26:704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Binsbergen FL, de Lange BGM (1968) Polymer 9:23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Compostella M, Coen A, Bertinotti F (1962) Angew Chem 74:618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Katayama K, Amano T, Nakamura N (1968) Kolloid Z Z Polym 226:125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Andersen PG, Carr SH (1975) J Mater Sci 10:870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Selikhova VT, Zubov YA, Markova GS, Kargin VA (1965) Polym Sci USSR 7:232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Padden FJ, Keith HD (1966) J Appl Phys 37:4013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Padden FJ, Keith HD (1973) J Appl Phys 44:1217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Lovinger AJ (1983) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 21:97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Bassett DC, Olley RH (1984) Polymer 25:935CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Lotz B, Wittmann JC (1986) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 24:1541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Wu J, Zhou HX, Liu Q, Yan S (2013) Chin J Polym Sci 31:841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Li H, Sun X, Wang J, Yan S, Schultz JM (2006) J Polym Sci Polym Phys 44:1114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Petermann J (1995) Epitaxial growth on and with polypropylene. In: Karger-Kocsis J (ed) Polypropylene: structure, blends and composites, vol 1. Chapman & Hall, London, p 140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Chatterjee AM, Price FP, Newmann S (1975) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 13:2369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Chatterjee AM, Price FP, Newmann S (1975) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 13:2385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Chatterjee AM, Price FP, Newmann S (1975) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 13:2391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Seth KK, Kenpster CJE (1977) J Polym Sci Symp 58:297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Willems J (1963) Naturwissenschaften 50:92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Kobayashi K, Takahashi T (1964) Mem Fac Eng Kyoto Univ 26:247Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Takahashi T, Inamura M, Tsujimoto I (1970) J Polym Sci Polym Lett Ed 8:651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Willems J (1973) Kolloid Z Z Polym 251:496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Takahashi T, Teraoka F, Tsujimoto I (1976) J Macromol Sci Phys B12:303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Buleon A, Chanzy H, Roche E (1976) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 14:1913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Iguchi M, Murase I (1975) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 13:1461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Campbell D, Quayyum MM (1980) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 18:83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Nishio Y, Yamane T, Takahashi T (1984) J Macromol Sci Phys B23:17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Kojima M, Stake H (1984) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 22:285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Lotz B, Wittmann JC (1986) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 24:1559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Lotz B, Wittmann JC (1984) Macromol Chem 185:2043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Lotz B, Wittmann JC (1987) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 25:1079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Li H, Yan S (2011) Macromolecules 44:417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Kawaguchi A, Okihara T, Murakami S, Ohara M, Katayama K, Petermann J (1991) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 29:683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Wittmann JC, Lotz B (1985) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 23:205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Liu J, Li H, Yan S, Xiao Q, Petermann J (2003) Colloid Polym Sci 281:601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Yan C, Li H, Zhang J, Ozaki Y, Shen D, Yan D, Shi AC, Yan S (2006) Macromolecules 39:8041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Chang H, Zhang J, Li L, Wang Z, Yang C, Takahashi I, Ozaki Y, Yan S (2010) Macromolecules 43:362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Cheng S, Hu W, Ma Y, Yan S (2007) Polymer 48:4264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Barker TV (1906) J Chem Soc Trans 89:1120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Esposito LD, Koening JL (1976) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 12:1731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Nakaoki T, Yamanaka T, Ohira Y, Horii F (2000) Macromolecules 33:2718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Tashiro K, Ueno Y, Yoshioka A, Kobayashi M (2001) Macromolecules 34:310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Wu HD, Tseng CR, Chang FC (2001) Macromolecules 34:2992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Matsuba G, Kaji K, Nishida K, Kanaya T, Imai M (1999) Macromolecules 32:8932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Jiang Y, Gu Q, Li L, Shen DY, Jin XG, Chan CM (2003) Polymer 44:3509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Zhang J, Duan Y, Shen D, Yan S, Noda I, Ozaki Y (2004) Macromolecules 37:3292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Song K, Rabolt JF (2001) Macromolecules 34:1650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Soto A, Voyiatzis GA (2002) Macromolecules 35:2095CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Chae B, Lee SW, Ree M, Jung YM, Kim SB (2003) Langmuir 19:687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Giussani E, Brambilla L, Fazzi D, Sommer M, Kayunkid N, Brinkmann M, Castiglioni C (2015) J Phys Chem B 119:2062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Yan C, Zhang Y, Hu Y, Ozaki Y, Gan Z, Yan S, Takahashil I (2008) J Phys Chem B 112:3311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Liu J, Wang J, Li H, Shen D, Zhang J, Ozaki Y, Yan S (2006) J Phys Chem B 110:738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Tu C, Jiang S, Li H, Yan S (2013) Macromolecules 46:5215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Tashiro K, Kobayashi M (1997) Polymer 38:2867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Zhou H, Jiang S, Yan S (2011) J Phys Chem B 115:13449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Moggio I, Le Moigne J, Arias-Marin E, Issautier D, Thierry A, Comoretto D, Dellepiane G, Cuniberti C (2001) Macromolecules 34:7091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Na B, Zhang Q, Wang K, Li L, Fu Q (2005) Polymer 46:819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Asano T, Yan S, Petermann J, Yoshida S, Tohyama N, Imaizumi K, Sugiyama T (2003) J Macromol Sci B42:489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Wang Y, Chan CM, Jiang Y, Li L, Ng KM (2007) Macromolecules 40:4002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Xu J, Guo BH, Zhang ZM, Zhou JJ, Jiang Y, Yan S, Li L, Wu Q, Chen GQ, Schultz JM (2004) Macromolecules 37:4118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Jiang Y, Yan DD, Gao X, Han CC, Jin XG, Li L, Wang Y, Chan CM (2003) Macromolecules 36:3652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Lei YG, Chan CM, Li JX, Ng KM, Wang Y, Jiang Y, Li L (2002) Macromolecules 35:6751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Li L, Chan CM, Yeung KL, Li JX, Ng KM, Lei Y (2001) Macromolecules 34:316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Prokhorov VV, Klinov DV, Chinarev AA, Tuzikov AB, Gorokhova IV, Bovin NV (2011) Langmuir 27:5879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Wang Z, Chang H, Wang T, Wang H, Yan D (2014) J Phys Chem B 118:4212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Tracz A, Jeszka JK, Kucińska I, Chapel JP, Boiteux G, Kryszewski MJ (2002) Appl Polym Sci 86:1329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Tracz A, Kucińska I, Jeszka JK (2003) Macromolecules 36:10130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Takenaka Y, Miyaji H, Hoshino A, Tracz A, Jeszka JK, Kucinska I (2004) Macromolecules 37:9667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Stocker W, Schumacher M, Graff S, Lang J, Wittmann JC, Lovinger AJ, Lotz B (1994) Macromolecules 27:6948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Lotz B, Lovinger AJ, Cais RE (1988) Macromolecules 21:2375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Cartier L, Okihara T, Lotz B (1998) Macromolecules 31:3303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Puiggali J, Ikada Y, Tsuji H, Cartier L, Okihara T, Lotz B (2000) Polymer 41:8921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Yan C, Guo L, Chang H, Yan S (2013) Chin J Polym Sci 31:1173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Yan S, Lin J, Yang D, Petermann J (1994) J Mater Sci 29:1773CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Yan S, Lin J, Yang D, Petermann J (1994) Macromol Chem Phys 195:195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Yan S, Petermann J, Yang D (1997) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 35:1415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Yan S, Yang D, Petermann J (1998) Polymer 39:4569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Yan S, Petermann J (2000) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 38:80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Yan S, Katzenberg F, Petermann J, Yang D, Shen Y, Straupe C, Wittmann JC, Lotz B (2000) Polymer 41:2613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Yan S, Bonnet M, Petermann J (2000) Polymer 41:1139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Keddie JL, Jones RAL, Cory RA (1994) Europhys Lett 27:59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Frank CW, Rao V, Despotopoulou MM, Rease RFW, Hinsberg WD, Miller RD, Rabolt JF (1996) Science 273:912CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Forrest JA, Dalnoki-Veress K, Dutcher JR (1997) Phys Rev E 56:5705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    De Maggio GB, Frieze WE, Gidley DW, Zhu M, Hristov HA, Yee AF (1997) Phys Rev Lett 78:1524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Forrest JA, Mattson J (2000) Phys Rev E 61:R53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Fryer DS, Nealey PF, de Pablo JJ (2000) Macromolecules 33:6439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Torres JA, Nealey PF, de Pablo JJ (2000) Phys Rev Lett 85:3221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Kim JH, Jang J, Zin WC (2001) Langmuir 17:2703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Zheng X, Sauer BB, van Alsten JG, Schwarz SA, Rafailovich MH, Sokolov J, Rubinstein M (1995) Phys Rev Lett 74:407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Zheng X, Rafailovic MH, Sokolov J, Strzhemechny Y, Schwarz SA, Sauer BB, Rubinstein M (1997) Phys Rev Lett 79:241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Russell TP, Kumar SK (1997) Nature 386:771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Lin EK, Kolb R, Satija SK, Wu WL (1999) Macromolecules 32:3753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Reiter G, Sommer JU (1998) Phys Rev Lett 80:3771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Despotopoulou MM, Frank CW, Miller RD, Rabolt JF (1996) Macromolecules 29:5797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Schönherr H, Frank CW (2003) Macromolecules 36:188Google Scholar
  170. 170.
    Despotopoulou MM, Frank CW, Miller RD, Rabolt JF (1995) Macromolecules 28:6687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Schönherr H, Frank CW (2003) Macromolecules 36:1188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Schönherr H, Frank CW (2003) Macromolecules 36:1199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Schönherr H, Waymouth RM, Frank CW (2003) Macromolecules 36:2412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Schönherr H, Wiyatno W, Pople J, Frank CW, Fuller GG, Gast AP, Waymouth RM (2002) Macromolecules 35:2654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Frank B, Gast AP, Russell TP, Brown HR, Hawker C (1996) Macromolecules 29:6531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Capitán MJ, Rueda DR, Ezquerra TA (2004) Macromolecules 37:5653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Calvert P (1992) Nature 360:535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Brinkhuis RHR, Schouten AJ (1992) Macromolecules 25:2717CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    De Boer A, Alberda van Ekenstein GOR, Challa G (1975) Polymer 16:930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Zhao D, Li L, Che B, Cao Q, Lu Y, Xue Q (2004) Macromolecules 37:4744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Schneider B, Štokr J, Spěváček J, Baldrian J (1987) Macromol Chem 188:2705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Ma Y, Hu W, Reiter G (2006) Macromolecules 39:5159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Reiter G, Sommer JU (2000) J Chem Phys 112:4376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Sommer JU, Reiter G (2000) J Chem Phys 112:4384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Vonau F, Aubel D, Bouteiller L, Reiter G, Simon L (2007) Phys Rev Lett 99:086103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Ma Y, Zha L, Hu W, Reiter G, Han CC (2008) Phys Rev E 77:061801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Grozeva N, Botizb I, Reiter G (2008) Eur Phys J E 27:63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Sommer JU, Reiter G (2001) Europhys Lett 56:755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Xu J, Ma Y, Hu W, Rehahn M, Reiter G (2009) Nat Mater 8:348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 190.
    Keller A, O’Connor A (1957) Nature 180:1289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    Bassett DC, Frank FC, Keller A (1959) Nature 184:810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Keller A (1962) Polymer 3:393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Lovinger AJ, Keith HD (1979) Macromolecules 12:919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Kovacs AJ, Straupe C (1979) Faraday Discuss 68:225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Keith HD, Padden FJ, Lotz B, Wittmann JC (1989) Macromolecules 22:2230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Bu Z, Yoon Y, Ho RM, Zhou W, Jangchud I, Eby RK, Cheng SZD, Hsieh ET, Johnson TW, Geerts RG, Palackal SJ, Hawley GR, Welch MB (1996) Macromolecules 29:6575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Sakai Y, Imai M, Kaji K, Tsuji M (1996) Macromolecules 29:8830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. 198.
    Sutton SJ, Izumi K, Miyaji H, Miyamoto Y, Miyatashi S (1997) J Mater Sci 32:5621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Abe H, Kikkawa Y, Iwata T, Aoki H, Akehata T, Doi Y (2000) Polymer 41:867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. 200.
    Taguchi K, Miyaji H, Izumi K, Hoshimo A, Miyamoto Y, Kokawa R (2001) Polymer 42:7443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Zhang B, Yang D, De Rosa C, Yan S, Petermann J (2001) Macromolecules 34:5221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Zhang B, Yang D, De Rosa C, Yan S (2002) Macromolecules 35:4646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Hu ZJ, Huang HY, Zhang FJ, Du BY, He TB (2004) Langmuir 20:3271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    Duan Y, Jiang Y, Jiang S, Li L, Yan S, Schultz JM (2004) Macromolecules 37:9283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Mareau VH, Prud’homme RE (2005) Macromolecules 38:398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Jiang S, Li H, De Rosa C, Auriemma F, Yan S (2010) Macromolecules 43:1449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. 207.
    Theodorou DN (1989) Macromolecules 22:4578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Mansfield KF, Theodorou DN (1990) Macromolecules 23:4430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. 209.
    Mansfield KF, Theodorou DN (1991) Macromolecules 24:4295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Harmandaris VA, Kaoulas KC, Mavrantzas VG (2005) Macromolecules 38:5796CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Liu T, Yan S, Bonnet M, Lieberwirth I, Rogausch KD, Petermann J (2000) J Mater Sci 35:5047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Fenwick D, Smith P, Wittmann JC (1996) J Mater Sci 31:128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Petermann J, Xu Y, Loos J, Yang D (1992) Polym Commun 33:1096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Schumacher M, Lovinger AJ, Agarwal P, Wittmann JC, Lotz B (1994) Macromolecules 27:6956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Yan S, Späth T, Petermann J (2000) Polymer 41:4863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. 216.
    Takahashi T, Ogata N (1971) Polym Lett 9:895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Sun Y, Li H, Huang Y, Chen E, Zhao L, Gan Z, Yan S (2005) Macromolecules 38:2739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Petermann J, Xu Y (1991) J Mater Sci 26:1211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Richards RB (1951) J Polym Sci 6:397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Horio M (1964) The theory of crimp of textile fibers. Mem Fac Eng Kyoto Univ 26:222Google Scholar
  221. 221.
    Petermann J, Xu Y, Loos J, Yang D (1992) Macromol Chem 193:611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. 222.
    Tao X, Yan S, Yang D (1993) Chin Chem Lett 4:1093Google Scholar
  223. 223.
    Xu Y, Asano T, Kawaguchi A, Rieck U, Petermann J (1989) J Mater Sci Lett 8:675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Yan S, Petermann J, Yang D (1996) Polymer 37:2681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. 225.
    An YK, Jiang SD, Yan SK, Sun JR, Chen XS (2011) Chin J Polym Sci 29:513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. 226.
    Yan S, Katzenberg F, Petermann JJ (1999) Polym Sci Phys Ed 37:1893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 227.
    Laurens C, Ober R, Creton C, Léger L (2001) Macromolecules 34:2932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Jaballah A, Rieck U, Petermann JJ (1990) Mater Sci 25:3105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. 229.
    Lee I, Schultz JM (1986) Polymer 27:1219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. 230.
    Lee I, Schultz JM (1988) J Mater Sci 23:4237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. 231.
    Sun Y, Tan L, Jiang S, Qian HL, Wang ZH, Yan DW, Di CA, Wang Y, Wu WP, Yu G, Yan S, Wang CR, Hu WP, Liu YQ, Zhu DB (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:1882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. 232.
    Dong H, Jiang S, Jiang L, Liu Y, Li H, Hu W, Wang E, Yan S, Wei Z, Xu W, Gong X (2009) J Am Chem Soc 131:17315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Brinkmann M, Wittmann JC (2006) Adv Mater 18:860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. 234.
    Brinkmann M, Rannou P (2007) Adv Funct Mater 17:101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. 235.
    Brinkmann M, Rannou P (2009) Macromolecules 42:1125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    Brinkmann M, Contal C, Kayunkid N, Djuric T, Resel R (2010) Macromolecules 43:7604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. 237.
    Kayunkid N, Uttiya S, Brinkmann M (2010) Macromolecules 43:4961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. 238.
    Jiang S, Qian H, Liu W, Wang C, Wang Z, Yan S, Zhu D (2009) Macromolecules 42:9321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Dong H, Li H, Wang E, Wei Z, Xu W, Hu W, Yan S (2008) Langmuir 24:13241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. 240.
    Sun X, Li H, Lieberwirth I, Yan S (2007) Macromolecules 40:8244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. 241.
    Wang J, Li H, Liu J, Duan Y, Jiang S, Yan S (2003) J Am Chem Soc 125:1496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Orts WJ, Marchessault RH, Bluhm TL, Hamer GK (1990) Macromolecules 23:5368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. 243.
    Zhang J, Duan Y, Sato H, Tsuji H, Noda I, Yan S, Ozaki Y (2005) Macromolecules 38:8012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. 244.
    Hoogsteen W, Postema AR, Pennings AJ, ten Brinke G, Zugenmair P (1990) Macromolecules 23:634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. 245.
    Sasaki S, Asakura T (2003) Macromolecules 36:8385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. 246.
    Wang T, Li H, Yan S (2012) Chin J Polym Sci 30:269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    Sun X, Pi F, Zhang J, Takahashi I, Ozaki Y, Wang F, Yan S (2011) J Phys Chem B 115:1950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. 248.
    Li H, Sun X, Yan S, Schultz JM (2008) Macromolecules 41:5062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. 249.
    Lovinger AJ, Chua JO, Gryte CC (1977) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 15:641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. 250.
    Grubb DT, Odell JA, Keller A (1975) J Mater Sci 10:1510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  251. 251.
    Li H, Jiang S, Wang J, Wang D, Yan S (2003) Macromolecules 36:2802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    Li H, Zhang X, Kuang X, Wang J, Wang D, Li L, Yan S (2004) Macromolecules 37:2847CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. 253.
    Sun X, Li H, Zhang X, Wang J, Wang D, Yan S (2006) Macromolecules 39:1087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  254. 254.
    Sun X, Li H, Wang J, Yan S (2006) Macromolecules 39:8720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  255. 255.
    Crissman JM (1969) J Polym Sci 7:389Google Scholar
  256. 256.
    Fujiwara Y (1975) Colloid Polym Sci 253:273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. 257.
    Zhang J, Yang D, Thierry A, Wittmann JC, Lotz B (2001) Macromolecules 34:6261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. 258.
    Kopp S, Wittmann JC, Lotz B (1994) Polymer 35:908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. 259.
    Kopp S, Wittmann JC, Lotz B (1994) Polymer 35:916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. 260.
    Fuller CS, Erickson CL (1937) J Am Chem Soc 59:344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  261. 261.
    Fuller CS, Erickson CL (1939) J Am Chem Soc 61:2575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. 262.
    Fuller CS, Erickson CL (1939) J Phys Chem 43:323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. 263.
    Gan Z, Kuwabara K, Abe H, Iwata T, Doi Y (2004) Biomacromolecules 5:371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. 264.
    Pouget E, Almontassir A, Casas MT, Puiggali J (2003) Macromolecules 36:698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. 265.
    Gan Z, Abe H, Doi Y (2002) Macromol Chem Phys 203:2369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. 266.
    Woo EM, Wu MC (2005) J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed 43:1662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. 267.
    Gan Z, Kuwabara K, Abe H, Iwata T, Doi Y (2005) Polym Degrad Stab 87:191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. 268.
    Sun Y, Li H, Huang Y, Chen E, Gan Z, Yan S (2006) Polymer 47:2455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. 269.
    Zhou H, Yan S (2013) Macromol Chem Phys 214:639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. 270.
    Lim JA, Liu F, Ferdous S, Muthukumar M, Briseno AL (2010) Mater Today 13:14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. 271.
    Brinkmann M (2011) J Polym Sci B 49:1218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  272. 272.
    Abbate S, Gussoni M, Zerbi G (1979) J Phys Chem 70:3577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. 273.
    Yan C, Zhang J, Yan S (2006) Chin Sci Bull 51:2844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  274. 274.
    Nagamatsu S, Takashima W, Kaneto K, Yoshida Y, Tanigaki N, Yase K (2003) Macromolecules 36:5252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  275. 275.
    Hartmann L, Tremel K, Uttiya S, Crossland E, Ludwigs S, Kayunkid N, Vergnat C, Brinkmann M (2011) Adv Funct Mater 21:4047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  276. 276.
    Sun D, Li Y, Ren Z, Bryce MR, Li H, Yan S (2014) Chem Sci 5:3240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  277. 277.
    Park C, De Rosa C, Fetters LJ, Lotz B, Thomas EL (2001) Adv Mater 13:724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  278. 278.
    De Rosa C, Park C, Lotz B, Wittmann JC, Fetters LJ, Thomas EL (2000) Macromolecules 33:4871CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource EngineeringBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations