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Recent Advances on Fibrous Clay-Based Nanocomposites

  • Eduardo Ruiz-HitzkyEmail author
  • Margarita Darder
  • Ana C. S. Alcântara
  • Bernd Wicklein
  • Pilar Aranda
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 267)

Abstract

This review critically introduces recent results on nanocomposite materials derived from the fibrous clay silicates sepiolite and palygorskite and combined with diverse types of polymers, from typical thermoplastics to biopolymers such as polysaccharides, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. First, the main features of both silicates are described, emphasizing the structural and textural characteristics that determine the interaction mechanisms with organic compounds and particularly with polymers, which define the final properties of the resulting materials. The crucial role of the clay–silicate interface governing the terminal properties of the nanocomposites is especially considered. Second, this work reports and discusses different experimental approaches and preparative procedures adopted for the nanofabrication and conformation (powders, films, monoliths, foams, etc.) of nanocomposites, comparing in certain cases with analogous materials derived from layered clays instead of sepiolite or palygorskite. Selected examples of fibrous clay-based nanocomposites are discussed to show the broad versatility of these materials in application fields as diverse as structural materials, conducting nanocomposites, biomaterials, environmental remediation, and sensor devices.

Keywords

Bionanocomposites Bioplastics Biopolymers Clays DNA Nanocomposites Organoclays Palygorskite Phospholipids Polymers Polysaccharides Proteins Sepiolite 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the CICYT, Spain (project MAT2012-31759) and the EU COST Action MP1202. BW acknowledges the Swedish strategic foundation (SSF) (grant RMA11-0065). ACSA acknowledges the CNPq, Brazil (grant 406184/2013-5).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Ruiz-Hitzky
    • 1
    Email author
  • Margarita Darder
    • 1
  • Ana C. S. Alcântara
    • 2
  • Bernd Wicklein
    • 3
  • Pilar Aranda
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSICMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryFederal University of Rio Grande do Norte, UFRNNatal-RNBrazil
  3. 3.Arrhenius LaboratoryStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

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