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Polymer–Ceramic Nanohybrid Materials

  • Sarabjeet Kaur
  • Markus Gallei
  • Emanuel IonescuEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 267)

Abstract

This review is dedicated to nanohybrid materials consisting of a polymer-based matrix and a disperse nanoscaled ceramic phase. Different preparation techniques for the synthesis of polymer–ceramic nanohybrid materials will be presented, such as blending techniques, sol–gel processing, in-situ polymerization, and self-assembly methods. Selected structural and functional properties of polymer–ceramic nanohybrid materials will be highlighted and discussed within the context of their dependence on parameters such as the homogeneity of the dispersion of the ceramic throughout the polymer matrix, the particle size of the ceramic phase, and the polymer–ceramic interface. Moreover, some advanced applications of polymer–ceramic nanohybrid materials will be addressed and compared with their polymeric counterparts.

Keywords

Functional properties Multifunctional materials Nanohybrid materials Polymer–ceramic interface Polymer–ceramic nanohybrids Structural properties Synthesis methods 

Abbreviations

APTES

Aminopropyl triethoxysilane

BMA

Butyl methacrylate

HEMA

2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate

MAA

Methacrylic acid

MEH-PPV

Poly[2-methoxy-5(2′-ethyl)hexoxy]-phenylenevinylene

MMA

Methyl methacrylate

MPS

3-(Trimethoxysilyl)-propylmethacrylate

P2ClAn

Poly (2-chloroaniline)

PA

Polyamide

PAI

Poly(amide–imide)

PAN

Polyacrylonitrile

PANI

Polyaniline

PC

Polycarbonate

PCL

Poly(caprolactone)

PEEK

Poly(ether ether ketone)

PEG

Poly(ethylene glycol)

PEO

Poly(ethylene oxide)

PET

Poly(ethylene terephthalate)

PHEMA

Polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate

PI

Polyimide

PMMA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

PMMA-g-TiO2

PMMA-grafted titanium dioxide

PP

Polypropylene

PP-g-SiO2

SiO2 nanoparticles grafted to terminally hydroxylated polypropylene

PS

Polystyrene

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene

PTMSP

Poly(1-trimethysilyl-1-propyne)

PU

Polyurethanes

PVA

Poly(vinyl alcohol)

PVAc

Polyvinylacetate

PVDF

Poly(vinylidene fluoride)

PVP

Poly(4-vinylpyridine)

PVPL

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

sPPEK

Sulfonated poly(phthalazinone ether ketone)

TEOS

Tetraethoxysilane, tetraethyl orthosilicate

TMOS

Tetramethoxysilane, tetramethyl orthosilicate

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarabjeet Kaur
    • 1
  • Markus Gallei
    • 2
  • Emanuel Ionescu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute for Materials ScienceTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Ernst-Berl-Institute for Technical and Macromolecular ChemistryTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

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