Nanohybrid Materials by Electrospinning

  • Chiara Gualandi
  • Annamaria Celli
  • Andrea Zucchelli
  • Maria Letizia FocareteEmail author
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 267)


Organic-inorganic hybrid nanofibers obtained by electrospinning technology have experienced a growing interest in the last decade thanks to the versatility and the high productivity of the technique, compared to other technologies devoted to the fabrication of nanocomposites, and to the unique and numerous features displayed by the produced nanomaterials. In this review, we classify and highlight recent progress, as well as current issues, in the production of hybrid nanofibers by electrospinning and their related applications. In particular, the scientific literature has been classified by taking into account the different methodologies that have been developed to fabricate hybrid polymeric-inorganic nanofibers by making use of electrospinning technology in combination with additional specific synthetic and processing procedures. The following technological and synthetic strategies have been discussed in detail: (1) electrospinning of inorganic dispersions in polymer solutions, (2) post treatments of electrospun fibers, (3) electrospinning combined with sol–gel processes, (4) electrospinning combined with electrospraying, (5) coaxial electrospinning, and (6) electrospinning of hybrid polymers. The huge number of different fiber morphologies, structures, and properties that can be achieved by electrospinning is impressive. The power of this technology is even more evident if we take into account that innovative hybrid nanofibers can be fabricated with a simple, versatile, extremely cheap, and scalable technology that makes electrospinning the most interesting currently available technique for the production of nanocomposites.


Electrospinning Hybrid material Nanofiber Organic–inorganic nanocomposite Review 



β-Tricalcium phosphate






Atomic layer deposition


Dioctyl sulfosuccinate sodium salt




Atom transfer radical polymerization


Bovine serum albumine


1,4-Bis(triethoxysilyl)propane tetrasulfide


Cellulose acetate




Chitosan oligomers




Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide


N,N-Dimethyl formamide


Differential scanning calorimetry


Formic acid


Field emission scanning electron microscopy


Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy






12-Hydroxystearic acid




Liquid phase deposition




Neuro-microvascular endothelial cell


Near infrared




Poly(lactic acid-co-caprolactone)


Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene)


Poly(acrylic acid)












Poly(ethylene glycol)


Poly(ethylene oxide)


Poly(ethylene terephthalate)


Poly(3-hydroxybutyric acid)


Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)






Poly(l-lactic acid)




Poly(methyl methacrylate)


Octa(3-ammoniumpropyl) octasilsesquioxane octachlo ride


Polyphosphazenes with phenylalanine ethyl ester and glycine ethyl ester as co-substituents


Poly(p-phenylene vinylene)












Poly(vinyl alcohol)


Poly(vinyl acetate)


Poly(vinyl chloride)


Poly(vinylidene difluoride)


Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone)


Quantum dots




Room temperature


Scanning electron microscopy


Surface-enhanced Raman scattering


Transmission electron microscopy


Tetraethyl orthosilicate


(3-Triethoxysilylpropyl)succinic anhydride

Triton X-100

4-(1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenyl-polyethylene glycol




Vinyl alcohol




X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiara Gualandi
    • 1
  • Annamaria Celli
    • 2
  • Andrea Zucchelli
    • 3
  • Maria Letizia Focarete
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”University of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials EngineeringUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Industrial Engineering (DIN) and Advanced Mechanics and Materials – Interdepartmental Center for Industrial Research (AMM ICIR)University of BolognaBolognaItaly

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