Methylaluminoxane: Key Component for New Polymerization Catalysts

  • Walter Kaminsky
  • Hansjörg Sinn
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 258)


The use of methylaluminoxane (MAO) as cocatalyst for the polymerization of olefins and some other vinyl compounds has widely increased the possibilities for more precisely controlling the polymer composition, polymer structure, tacticity, and special properties. Highly active catalysts are obtained by different transition metal complexes such as metallocenes, half-sandwich complexes, and bisimino complexes combined with MAO. These catalysts allow the synthesis of polyolefins with different tacticities and stereoregularities, new cycloolefins and other copolymers, and polyolefin composite materials of a purity that cannot be obtained by Ziegler–Natta catalysts. The single-site character of metallocene/MAO or other transition metal/MAO catalysts leads to a better understanding of the mechanism of olefin polymerization.


Metallocene catalysts Methylaluminoxane Olefin polymerization Single-site catalysts 







Carbon nanofiber




Pentamethyl cyclopentadienyl










Tetrahydro indenyl






Molecular weight distribution


Multiwalled carbon nanotube




Neomenthyl cyclopentadienyl


Nuclear magnetic resonance










Transmission electron microscopy


Triisobuthyl aluminum




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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Technical and Macromolecular ChemistryUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Guest at the Technical University Clausthal, Institute for Technical and Macromolecular ChemistryUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany

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