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Micromechanics of Soft Particle Glasses

  • Roger T. Bonnecaze
  • Michel Cloitre
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 236)

Abstract

Soft glasses encompass a broad class of materials at the boundaries between polymers, granular dispersions, and colloidal glasses. Although they display a huge diversity of compositions and architectures, soft glasses share a common structure as well as generic static and flow properties. In this chapter, we show that the dense amorphous microstructure of soft glasses, combined with the existence of repulsive elastohydrodynamic interactions mediated by the solvent, lie at the heart of their behavior. These two basic ingredients are incorporated into a micromechanical model and a dynamic molecular-like simulation. Our theory successfully predicts near-equilibrium quantities such as the pair distribution function and shear moduli, the slip properties that are observed when soft glasses are sheared along solid surfaces, as well as the bulk shear rheology. These results, which connect properties at the particle scale to macroscopic behavior, provide predictive tools for the design of materials with a desired rheological response.

Elastohydrodynamic interactions Glass transition Linear viscoelasticity Nonlinear rheology Polymer-colloid materials Shear-thinning Wall slip 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Dr. Jyoti Seth and Clementine Locatelli for their contribution to the work presented in this chapter. We are indebted to Lavanya Mohan for a critical reading of the chapter and for preparing Figs. 6 and 20. We are also grateful to Erik Zumalt for his help in preparing the graphics. RTB gratefully acknowledges financial support from National Science Foundation grant CBET 0854420.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and Texas Materials InstituteThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.Matière Molle et Chimie (UMR 7167, ESPCI-CNRS)ESPCI-ParisTechParisFrance

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