From Polymers to Colloids: Engineering the Dynamic Properties of Hairy Particles

  • Dimitris VlassopoulosEmail author
  • George Fytas
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 236)


For many years, colloidal hard spheres and polymeric coils served as model limiting cases of soft matter behavior. Softening the potential of interactions has been an obvious possibility for altering properties and has been explored in great detail with sterically interacting charged colloids. As the behavior of such (and technologically relevant) systems is very complex, it is desired to isolate the role of interactions and use well-characterized systems. Today, it is possible to achieve this goal by taking advantage of the capabilities of macromolecular and colloidal chemistry. We show how to use well-defined soft sphere systems interacting via excluded volume repulsions to generate a rich variety of phase states and materials properties. This approach provides opportunities for bridging the gap between polymers and colloids in terms of property variation, and thus designing soft systems with desired properties. At the same time, previously unexplored aspects of important open problems such as glass transition and effects of solvent on the dynamics of correlated systems are addressed. Appropriate blending of the two main classes of soft matter and further directing their assembly and dynamic response has now become a challenging new task.


Colloidal dispersions Colloidal glasses Dynamics Grafted particles Hairy particles Micelles Nanoparticle-polymer hybrids Phase diagrams Polymers Rheology Soft colloids Softness Stars 



We are indebted to many long-term collaborators and colleagues, especially J. Roovers, C. N. Likos, N. Hadjichristidis, and A. N. Semenov. Our first investigations on soft colloids were undertaken in collaboration with our late friend Tadeusz Pakula more than 10 years ago. We acknowledge the contributions of our current and former students and in particular M. Kapnistos and E. Stiakakis. We are also thankful to J. Mewis for critical reading of the manuscript and helpful comments. Financial support from the EU (RTN-HUSC HPRN-CT-2000-00017 and NoE-Softcomp NMP3-CT-2004-502235) and the Greek General Secretariat for Research and Technology (PENED) is gratefully acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    Jones RAL (2002) Soft condensed matter. Oxford University Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hamley IW (2000) Introduction to soft matter. Wiley, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Daoud M, Williams CE (eds) (1999) Soft matter physics. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cates ME, Evans MR (eds) (2000) Soft and fragile matter. Nonequilibrium dynamics, metastability and flow. Institute of Physics Publishing, BristolGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Witten TA (2004) Structured fluids. Polymers, colloids, surfactants. Oxford University Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    McLeish TCB (ed) (1997) Theoretical challenges in the dynamics of complex fluids. NATO ASI E339. Kluwer, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yethiraj A, van Blaaderen A (2003) Nature 421:513Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu AJ, Nagel SR (1998) Nature 396:21Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rubinstein M, Colby RH (2003) Polymer physics. Oxford University Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    DeGennes, PG (1979) Scaling concepts in polymer physics. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NYGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Doi M, Edwards SF (1986) The theory of polymer dynamics. Oxford Science, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Russel WB, Saville DA, Schowalter WR (1989) Colloidal dispersions. Cambridge University Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pusey PN, van Megen W (1986) Nature 320:340Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zaccarelli E (2007) J Phys Condens Matter 19:323101Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Poon WCK (2002) J Phys Condens Matter 14:R859Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pham KN, Puertas AM, Bergenholtz J, Egelhaaf SU, Mousaid A, Pusey PN, Schofield AB, Cates ME, Fuchs M, Poon WCK (2002) Science 296:104Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sciortino F (2002) Nat Mater 1:145Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sciortino F, Tartaglia P (2005) Adv Phys 54:471Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Likos CN (2006) Soft Matter 2:478Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zaccarelli E, Mayer C, Asteriadi A, Likos CN, Sciortino F, Roovers J, Iatrou H, Hadjichristidis N, Tartaglia P, Löwen H, Vlassopoulos D (2005) Phys Rev Lett 95:268301Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Grest GS, Fetters JL, Huang JS, Richter D (1996) Adv Chem Phys XCIV:67Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vlassopoulos D (2004) J Polym Sci B 42:2931Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Roovers J, Zhou L-L, Toporowski PM, van der Zwan M, Iatrou H, Hadjichristidis N (1993) Macromolecules 26:4324Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Likos CN (2001) Phys Rep 348:267Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Likos CN, Löwen H, Poppe A, Willner L, Roovers J, Cubitt B, Richter D (1998) Phys Rev E 80:6299Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Stiakakis E, Vlassopoulos D, Loppinet B, Roovers J, Meier G (2002) Phys Rev E 66:051804Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Charalabidis D, Pitsikalis M, Hadjichristidis N (2002) Macromol Chem Phys 203:2132Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Daoud M, Cotton JP (1982) J Phys (Paris) 43:531Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Likos CN, Löwen H, Watzlawek M, Abbas B, Jucknischke O, Allgaier J, Richter D (1998) Phys Rev Lett 80:4450Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhou L-L, Hadjichristidis N, Toporowski PM, Roovers J (1992) Rubber Chem Tech 65:303Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Toporowski PM, Roovers J (1986) J Polym Sci Polym Chem Ed 24:3009Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Roovers J, Toporowski P, Martin J (1989) Macromolecules 22:1897Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yamamoto T (2003) Studies of long time relaxation of multi-arm star polymers. Ph.D Thesis, Kyoto UniversityGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ishizu K, Ono T, Uchida S (1997) J Colloid Interface Sci 192:189Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Matyjaszewski K, Miller PJ, Pyun J, Kickelbick G, Diamanti S (1999) Macromolecules 32:6526Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Xia J, Zhang X, Matyjaszewski K (1999) Macromolecules 32:4482Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Gao H, Matyjaszewski K (2006) Macromolecules 39:3154Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Gao H, Ohno S, Matyjaszewski K (2006) J Am Chem Soc 128:15111Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gao H, Matyjaszewski K (2007) Macromolecules 40:399Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Teertstra SJ, Gauthier M (2007) Macromolecules 40:1657Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Pakula T (1998) Comp Theor Polym Sci 8:21Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Vlassopoulos D, Fytas G, Pakula T, Roovers J (2001) J Phys Condens Matter 13:R855Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Semenov AN, Vlassopoulos D, Fytas G, Vlachos G, Fleischer G, Roovers J (1999) Langmuir 15:358Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Mewis J, Frith WJ, Strivens TA, Russel WB (1989) AIChE J 35:415Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Halperin A, Tirrell M, Lodge TP (1992) Adv Polym Sci 100:31Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Wilner L, Jucknischke O, Ricther D, Roovers J, Zhou L-L, Toporowski PM, Fetters LJ, Huang JS, Lin MY, Hadjichristidis N (1994) Macromolecules 27:3821Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Richter D, Farago B, Fetters LJ, Huang JS, Ewen B (1990) Macromolecules 23:1845Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Ballauff M, Likos CN (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:2998Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Gohy J-F (2005) Adv Polym Sci 190:65Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Halperin A (1987) Macromolecules 20:2943Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Förster S, Wenz E, Lindner P (1996) Phys Rev Lett 77:95Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Gast AP (1996) Langmuir 12:4060Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Lund R, Willner L, Stellbrink J, Radulescu A, Richter D (2004) Macromolecules 37:9984Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Laurati M, Stellbrink J, Lund R, Willner L, Ricther D, Zaccarelli E, Richter D (2007) Phys Rev E 76:041503Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Lund R, Willner L, Stellbrink J, Lindner P, Richter D (2006) Phys Rev Lett 96:068302Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Bang J, Viswanathan K, Lodge TP, Park MJ, Char K (2004) J Chem Phys 121:11489Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Lodge TP, Bang J, Park MJ, Char K (2004) Phys Rev Lett 92:145501Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Laurati M, Stellbrink J, Lund R, Willner L, Ricther D, Zaccarelli E (2005) Phys Rev Lett 94:995504Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Zilliox J-G, Rempp P, Parrod J (1968) J Polym Sci C 22:145Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Liu GJ (1999) In: Nalwa HS (ed) Handbook of nanostructured materials and nanotechnology, vol 5. Academic, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    O’Reilly RK, Hawker CJ, Wooley KL (2006) Chem Soc Rev 35:1068Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Liu GJ (1998) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 3:200Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Baek K-Y, Kamigaito M, Sawamoto M (2002) J Polym Sci A 40:633Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Gurr PA, Qiao GG, Solomon DH, Harton SE, Spontak RJ (2003) Macromolecules 36:5650Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Park C, Yoon J, Thomas EL (2003) Polymer 44:6725Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Ruzette AV, Leibler L (2005) Nat Mater 4:19Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    McConnell GA, Gast AP, Huang JC, Smith SD (1993) Phys Rev Lett 71:2102Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Laflèche F, Durand D, Nicolai T (2003) Macromolecules 36:1331Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Pham QT, Russel WB, Thibeault JC, Lau W (1999) Macromolecules 32:2996Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Pham QT, Russel WB, Thibeault JC, Lau W (1999) Macromolecules 32:5139Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Bhatia SR, Mourchid A, Joanicot A (2001). Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 6:471Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Discher DE, Kamien RD (2004) Nature 430:519Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Lee AS, Bütün V, Vamvakaki M, Armes S, Pople JA, Gast AP (2002) Macromolecules 35:8540Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Kimerling AS, Rochefort WE, Bhatia SR (2006) Ind Eng Chem Res 45:6885Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Bütün V, Liu S, Weaver JVM, Bories-Azeau X, Cai Y, Armes SP (2006) React Funct Polym 66:157Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    McConnell GA, Gast AP (1997) Macromolecules 30:435Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Alexandridis P, Athanassiou V, Hatton TA (1995) Langmuir 11:2442Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Lin YN, Alexandridis P (2002) Langmuir 18:4220Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Yang L, Alexandridis P, Steytler DC, Kositza MJ, Holzwarth JF (2000) Langmuir 16:8555Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Sato T, Watanabe H, Osaki K (2000) Macromolecules 33:1686Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Watanabe H (1999) J Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech 82:315Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Watanabe H (1997) Acta Polym 48:215Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Watanabe H, Matsumiya Y (2005) Macromolecules 38:3808Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Chen SH, Chen W-R, Mallamace F (2003) Science 300:619Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Mountrichas G, Mpiri M, Pispas S (2005) Macromolecules 38:940Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Pispas S, Hadjichristidis N, Mays JW (1996) Macromolecules 29:7378Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Cheng G, Hua F, Melnichenko YB, Hong K, Mays JW, Hammouda B, Wignall GD (2008) Macromolecules 41:4824Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Advincula RC, Brittain WJ, Caster KC, Rühe J (2004) Polymer brushes: synthesis, characterization, applications. Wiley InterScience, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Vincent B (1993) Chem Eng Sci 48:429Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Edmondson S, Osborne VL, Huck WTS (2004) Chem Rev 33:14Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Pusey PN (1991) In: Hansen JP, Levesque D, Zinn-Justin J (eds) Liquids, freezing and glass transition. North Holland, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Cheng Z, Phan S-E, Russel WB (2002) Phys Rev E 65:041405Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Krishnamurthy L (2005) Microstructure and rheology of polymer-colloid mixtures. Ph.D Thesis, University of DelawareGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Krishnamurthy L, Wagner NJ (2005) J Rheol 49:475Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    de Kruif CG, Rouw PW, Briels WJ, Duits MHG, Vrij A, May RP (1989) Langmuir 5:422Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    de Kruif CG, Briels WJ, May RP, Vrij A (1988) Langmuir 4:668Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Grant MC, Russel WB (1993) Phys Rev E 47:2606Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Chen M, Russel WB (1991) J Colloid Interface Sci 141:564Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Vrij A, Philipse AP (1996) In: Pelizzetti E (ed) Fine particles science and technology. Kluwer, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Milling A, Vincent B, Emmett S, Jones A (1991) Colloids Surf 57:185Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Petekidis G, Gapinski J, Seymour P, van Duijneveldt JS, Vlassopoulos D, Fytas G (2004) Phys Rev E 69:042401Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Verduin H, de Gans BJ, Dhont JKG (1996) Langmuir 12:2947Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Verduin H, Dhont JKG (1995) J Colloid Interface Sci 172:425Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Rueb CJ, Zukoski CF (1997) J Rheol 41:197Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Nommensen PA, Duits MHG, van den Ende D, Mellema J (1999) Phys Rev E 59:3147Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Nommensen PA, Duits MHG, van den Ende D, Mellema J (2000) Langmuir 16:1902Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Cawdery N, Milling A, Vincent B (1994) Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 86:239Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Mewis J, Biebaut G (2001) J Rheol 45:799Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Green DL, Mewis J (2006) Langmuir 22:9546Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Castaing JC, Allain C, Auroy P, Auvray L (1999) Eur Phys J B 10:61Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Pyun J, Matyjaszewski K (2001) Chem Mater 13:3436Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Bombalski L, Dong H, Listak J, Matyjaszewski K, Bockstaller MR (2007) Adv Mater 19:4486Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Genz U, Dagguano B, Mewis J, Klein R (1994) Langmuir 10:2206Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Mewis J, D’Haene DP (1993) Makromol Chem, Macromol Symp 68:213Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Raynaud L, Ernst B, Verge C, Mewis J (1996) J Colloid Interface Sci 181:11Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Shay JS, Raghavan SR, Khan SA (2001) J Rheol 45:913Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Zackrisson M, Strasdner A, Schurtenberger P, Bergenholtz J (2006) Phys Rev E 73:011408Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Haschick R, Mueller K, Klapper M, Muellen M (2008) Macromolecules 41:5077Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Kim JU, Matsen MW (2008) Macromolecules 41:4435Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Guo X, Ballauff M (2000) Langmuir 16:8719Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Ballauff M (2003) Macromol Chem Phys 204:220Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Ballauff M, Borisov O (2006) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 11:316Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Dingenouts N, Norhausen C, Ballauff M (1998) Macromolecules 31:8912Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Murray MJ, Snowden MJ (1995) Adv Colloid Interface Sci 54:73Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Saunders BR, Vincent B (1999) Adv Colloid Interface Sci 80:1Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Pelton RH, Chibante P (1986) Colloids Surf 20:247Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Pelton RH (2000) Adv Colloid Interface Sci 85:1Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Stieger M, Richtering W, Pedersen JS, Lindner P (2004) J Chem Phys 120:6197Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Bartsch E, Antonietti M, Schupp W, Sillescu H (1992) J Chem Phys 97:3950Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Eckert T, Bartsch E (2004) J Phys Condens Matter 16:S4937Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Saunders BR (2004) Langmuir 20:3925Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Mason TG, Lin MY (2005) Phys Rev E 71:040801(R)Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Saito R, Ishizu K (1997) Polymer 38:225Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Wolfe MS (1992) Progr Org Coating 20:487Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Heskins M, Guillet JE (1968) J Macromol Sci Chem 8:1444Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Hu T, Wu C (1999) Phys Rev Lett 83:4105Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Wu C, Qiu X (1998) Phys Rev Lett 80:620Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Yang H, Yan X, Cheng R (2002) Macromol Rapid Commun 23:1037Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Berndt I, Pedersen JS, Richtering W (2005) J Am Chem Soc 127:9372Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Seelenmeyer S, Deike I, Rosenfeldt S, Norhausen C, Dingenouts N, Ballauff M, Narayanan T, Lindner P (2001) J Chem Phys 114:10471Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    Ballauff M (2003) Macromol Chem Phys 204:220Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Makino K, Yamanoto S, Fujimoto K, Kawaguchi H, Oshima H (1994) J Colloid Interface Sci 166:251Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    Senff H, Richtering W (2000) Colloid Polym Sci 278:830Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Berndt I, Pedersen JS, Richtering W (2006) Angew Chem 45:1737Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Berndt I, Popescu C, Wortmann F-J, Richtering W (2006) Angew Chem 45:1081Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Kang M, Wellert S, Pastoria-Santos I, Lapp A, Liz-Marzan LM, Hellweg T (2008) Phys Chem Chem Phys 10:6708Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Senff H, Richtering W (1999) J Chem Phys 111:1705Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Crassous JJ, Ballauff M, Drechsler M, Schmidt J, Talmon Y (2006) Langmuir 22:2403Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Senff H, Richtering W, Norhausen C, Weiss A, Ballauff M (1999) Langmuir 15:102Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Berndt I, Richtering W (2003) Macromolecules 36:8780Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Crassous JJ, Siebenburger M, Ballauff M, Drechsler M, Henrich O, Fuchs M (2006) J Chem Phys 125:204906Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Rodriquez BE, Wolfe MS, Fryd M (1994) Macromolecules 27:6642Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Buscall R (1994) Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 83:33Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Paulin SE, Ackerson BJ, Wolfe MS (1996) J Colloid Interface Sci 178:251Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Paulin SE, Ackerson BJ, Wolfe MS (1998) Phys Rev E 55:5812Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Borrega R, Cloitre M, Betremieux I, Ernst B, Leibler L (1999) Europhys Lett 47:729Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Cloitre M, Borrega R, Leibler L (2000) Phys Rev Lett 85:4819Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Meeker SP, Bonnecaze RT, Cloitre M (2004) Phys Rev Lett 92:198302Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Cloitre M, Borrega R, Monti F, Leibler L (2003) Phys Rev Lett 90:068303Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    Meeker SP, Bonnecaze RT, Cloitre M (2004) J Rheol 48:1295Google Scholar
  161. 161.
    Lu Y, Mei Y, Ballauff M, Drechsler M (2006) J Phys Chem B 110:3930Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Lu Y, Mei Y, Ballauff M, Drechsler M (2006) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 45:813Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Mewis J, Vermant J (2000) Progr Org Coating 40:111Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Ottewill RH, Rennie AR (1998) Modern aspects of colloidal dispersions. Results from the DTI colloid technology programme. Kluwer, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Smay JE, Cesarano J, Lewis JA (2002) Langmuir 18:5429Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Buscall R, Goodwin JW, Hawkins MW, Ottewill RH (1982) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 78:2889Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    Wagner NJ (1993) J Colloid Interface Sci 161:169Google Scholar
  168. 168.
    Buscall R (1995) In: Goodwin JW, Buscall R (eds) Colloidal polymer particles. Academic, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    van Megen W, Snook I (1984) Adv Colloid Interface Sci 21:119Google Scholar
  170. 170.
    Witten TA, Pincus PA (1986) Macromolecules 19:2509Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    Cloitre M (2008) Private communicationGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Denton AR (2003) Phys Rev E 67:011804Google Scholar
  173. 173.
    Benoit H, Higgins J (1994) Polymers and neutron scattering. Oxford University Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Harreis HM, Likos CN, Ballauff M (2003) J Chem Phys 118:1979Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    Götze IO, Likos CN (2005) J Phys Condens Matter 17:S1777Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Pakula T, Vlassopoulos D, Fytas G, Roovers J (1998) Macromolecules 31:8931Google Scholar
  177. 177.
    Witten TA, Pincus PA, Cates ME (1986) Europhys Lett 2:137Google Scholar
  178. 178.
    Watzlawek M, Likos CN, Löwen H (1999) Phys Rev Lett 82:5289Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    Voudouris P, Loppinet B, Petekidis G (2008) Phys Rev E 77:051402Google Scholar
  180. 180.
    Bartsch E, Frenz V, Möller S, Sillescu H (1993) Physica A 201:363Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Cheng Z, Zhu J, Chaikin PM, Phan S-E, Ruseel WB (2002) Phys Rev E 65:041405Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    Fleischer G, Fytas G, Vlassopoulos D, Roovers J (2000) Physica A 280:266Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    Vlassopoulos D, Fytas G, Pispas S, Hadjichristidis N (2001) Physica B 296:184Google Scholar
  184. 184.
    Roovers J (1994) Macromolecules 27:5359Google Scholar
  185. 185.
    Sergè PN, Meeker SP, Pusey PN, Poon WCK (1995) Phys Rev Lett 75:958Google Scholar
  186. 186.
    Petekidis G, Vlassopoulos D, Pusey PN (2004) J Phys Condens Matter 16:S3955Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    Cherdhirankorn T, Best A, Koynov K, Peneva K, Muellen K, Fytas G (2009) J Phys Chem B 113:3355Google Scholar
  188. 188.
    Sigel R, Pispas S, Vlassopoulos D, Hadjichristidis N, Fytas G (1999) Phys Rev Lett 83:4666Google Scholar
  189. 189.
    Seghrouchni R, Petekidis G, Vlassopoulos D, Fytas G, Semenov AN, Roovers J, Fleischer G (1998) Europhys Lett 42:271Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Loppinet B, Stiakakis E, Vlassopoulos D, Fytas G, Roovers J (2001) Macromolecules 34:8216Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    Vlassopoulos D, Pakula T, Roovers J (2002) Condens Matter Phys 5:105Google Scholar
  192. 192.
    Roovers J, Toporowski PM, Douglas J (1995) Macromolecules 28:7064Google Scholar
  193. 193.
    Brown W (ed) (1993) Dynamic light scattering. The method and some applications. Oxford University Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Pusey PN (1985) In: Pecora R (ed) Dynamic light scattering. Plenum Press, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Boudenne N, Anastasiadis SH, Fytas G, Xenidou M, Hadjichristidis N, Semenov AN, Fleischer G (1996) Phys Rev Lett 77:506Google Scholar
  196. 196.
    Sergè PN, Pusey PN 1996 Phys Rev Lett 77:771Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    Kapnistos M, Semenov AN, Vlassopoulos D, Roovers J (1999) J Chem Phys 111:1753Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    Yakubov GE, Loppinet B, Zhang H, Rühe J, Sigel R, Fytas G (2004) Phys Rev Lett 92:115501Google Scholar
  199. 199.
    Kapnistos M, Vlassopoulos D, Fytas G, Mortensen K, Fleischer G, Roovers J (2000) Phys Rev Lett 85:4072Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    Sigel R, Fytas G, Vainos N, Pispas S, Hadjichristidis N (2002) Science 297:67Google Scholar
  201. 201.
    Conti C, Ruocco G, Trillo S (2006) Phys Rev Lett 97:123903Google Scholar
  202. 202.
    Förster S, Zisenis M, Wenz E, Antonietti M (1996) J Chem Phys 104:9956Google Scholar
  203. 203.
    Lin EK, Gast AP (1996) Macromolecules 29:390Google Scholar
  204. 204.
    Ohno K, Morinaga T, Takeno S, Tsujii Y, Fukuda T (2007) Macromolecules 40:9143Google Scholar
  205. 205.
    Stellbrink J, Rother G, Laurati B, Lund R, Willner L, Richter D (2004) J Phys Condens Matter 16:S3821Google Scholar
  206. 206.
    Loppinet B, Fytas G, Vlassopoulos D, Likos CN, Meier G, Liu G (2005) Macromol Chem Phys 206:163Google Scholar
  207. 207.
    Cloitre M, Borrega R, Monti F, Leibler L (2003) C R Phys 4:221Google Scholar
  208. 208.
    Voudouris P, Fytas G, Matyjaszewski K, Bockstaller M (2009) Macromolecules 42:2721Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Yoshinaga K, Chiyoba M, Ishiki H, Okubo T (2002) Colloids Surf A 204:285Google Scholar
  210. 210.
    Mortensen K, Brown W, Norden B (1992) Phys Rev Lett 68:2340Google Scholar
  211. 211.
    Watanabe H, Kotaka T, Hashimoto T, Shibayama M, Kawai H (1982) J Rheol 26:153Google Scholar
  212. 212.
    Castelletto V, Caillet C, Hamley IW, Yang Z (2002) Phys Rev E 65:050601(R)Google Scholar
  213. 213.
    Lyon LA, Debord JD, Debord SB, Jones CD, McGrath JG, Serpe MJ (2004) J Phys Chem B 108:19099Google Scholar
  214. 214.
    Alsayed AM, Islam MF, Zhang J, Collings PJ, Yodh AG (2005) Science 309:1207Google Scholar
  215. 215.
    Meng Z, Cho JK, Debord S, Breedveld V, Lyon LA (2007) J Phys Chem B 111:6992Google Scholar
  216. 216.
    Jucknischke O (1995) Untersuchung der Struktur von Sternpolymeren in Lösung mit Neutronenkleinwinkelstreuung. Ph.D Thesis, Westfaelischen Wilhelms-Universitaet MuensterGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Mortensen K (2007) Private communicationGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Vermant J (2001) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 6:489Google Scholar
  219. 219.
    Butler P (1999) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 4:214Google Scholar
  220. 220.
    Hamley IW (2000) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 5:341Google Scholar
  221. 221.
    Vlassopoulos D, Fytas G, Fleischer G, Pakula T, Roovers J (1999) Faraday Discuss 112:225Google Scholar
  222. 222.
    Watanabe H, Matsumiya H, Ishida S, Takigawa T, Yamamoto T, Vlassopoulos D, Roovers J (2005) Macromolecules 38:7404Google Scholar
  223. 223.
    Makrakis S, Loppinet B, Petekidis G, Vlassopoulos G, Roovers J (2008) in preparationGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Foffi G, Sciortino F, Tartaglia P, Zaccarelli E, Lo Verso F, Reatto L, Dawson KA, Likos CN (2003) Phys Rev Lett 90:238301Google Scholar
  225. 225.
    Helgeson ME, Wagner NJ, Vlassopoulos D (2007) J Rheol 51:297Google Scholar
  226. 226.
    Rissanou A, Yiannourakou M, Economou IG, Bitsanis IA (2006) J Chem Phys 124:044905Google Scholar
  227. 227.
    Wilk A, Stiakakis E, Petekidis G, Vlassopoulos D (2009) submitted to Phys Rev LettGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Anderson PW (1995) Science 267:1615Google Scholar
  229. 229.
    Debenedetti PG, Stillinger FH (2001) Nature 410:259Google Scholar
  230. 230.
    Ediger MD, Angell CA, Nagel SR (1996) J Phys Chem 100:13200Google Scholar
  231. 231.
    Götze W (1991) In: Hansen JP, Levesque D, Zinn-Justin J (eds) Liquids, freezing and glass transition. North-Holland, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  232. 232.
    Angell CA, Ngai KL, McKenna GB, McMillan PF, Martin SW (2005) J Appl Phys 88:3113Google Scholar
  233. 233.
    Cates ME (2003) Ann Henri Poincare 4(Suppl 2):S647Google Scholar
  234. 234.
    Schweizer KS (2007) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 12:297Google Scholar
  235. 235.
    Mayer P, Miyazaki K, Reichman DR (2006) Phys Rev Lett 97:095702Google Scholar
  236. 236.
    Schilling R (2000) J Phys Condens Matter 12:6311Google Scholar
  237. 237.
    van Megen W, Underwood SM (1994) Phys Rev E 49:4206Google Scholar
  238. 238.
    Mason TG, Weitz DA (1995) Phys Rev Lett 75:2770Google Scholar
  239. 239.
    Weeks ER, Weitz DA (2002) Phys Rev Lett 89:095704Google Scholar
  240. 240.
    Chen DT, Weeks ER, Crocker JC, Islam MF, Verma R, Gruber J, Levine AJ, Lubensky TC, Yodh AG (2003) Phys Rev Lett 90:108301Google Scholar
  241. 241.
    Cipelletti L, Ramos L (2005) J Phys Condens Matter 17:R253Google Scholar
  242. 242.
    Purnomo EH, van den Ende D, Mellema J, Mugele F (2007) Phys Rev E 76:021404Google Scholar
  243. 243.
    Edwards SF (1967) Proc Phys Soc 92:9Google Scholar
  244. 244.
    de Gennes PG (1971) J Chem Phys 55:572Google Scholar
  245. 245.
    Cohen EG, de Schepper IM (1991) J Stat Phys 63:241Google Scholar
  246. 246.
    Frenkel J (1946) Kinetic theory of liquids. The Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    Pham K, Egelhaaf SU, Pusey PN, Poon WCK (2004) Phys Rev E 69:011503Google Scholar
  248. 248.
    Stiakakis E, Petekidis G, Vlassopoulos D, Likos CN, Iatrou H, Hadjichristidis N, Roovers J (2005) Europhys Lett 72:664Google Scholar
  249. 249.
    Puertas AM, Fuchs M, Cates ME (2002) Phys Rev Lett 88:098301Google Scholar
  250. 250.
    Salaniwal S, Kumar SK, Douglas JF (2002) Phys Rev Lett 89:258301Google Scholar
  251. 251.
    Rissanou AN, Vlassopoulos D, Bitsanis IA (2005) Phys Rev E 71:011402Google Scholar
  252. 252.
    Coussot P (2007) Soft Matter 3:528Google Scholar
  253. 253.
    Stokes JR, Frith WJ (2008) Soft Matter 4:1133Google Scholar
  254. 254.
    Bonn D, Tanaka H, Coussot P, Meunier J (2004) J Phys Condens Matter 16:S4987Google Scholar
  255. 255.
    Mallamace F, Broccio M, Tartaglia P, Chen W-R, Faraone A, Chen SH (2003) Physica A 330:206Google Scholar
  256. 256.
    Crassous JJ, Regisser R, Ballauff M, Willenbacher N (2005) J Rheol 49:851Google Scholar
  257. 257.
    Pham KN, Petekidis G, Vlassopoulos D, Egelhaaf SU, Poon WCK, Pusey PN (2008) J Rheol 52:649Google Scholar
  258. 258.
    Swallen SF, Kearns KL, Mapes MK, Kim YS, McMallon RJ, Ediger MD, Wu T, Yu L, Satija S (2007) Science 315:353Google Scholar
  259. 259.
    Fuchs M, Cates ME (2003) Faraday Discuss 123:267Google Scholar
  260. 260.
    Kobelev V, Schweizer KS (2005) Phys Rev E 71:021401Google Scholar
  261. 261.
    Coussot P (2006) Lect Notes Phys 688:69Google Scholar
  262. 262.
    Moller PCF, Mewis J, Bonn D (2006) Soft Matter 2:274Google Scholar
  263. 263.
    Shah SA, Chen YL, Ramakrishnan S, Schweizer KS, Zukoski CF (2003) J Phys Condens Matter 15:4751–4778Google Scholar
  264. 264.
    Poon WCK (1998) Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 3:593Google Scholar
  265. 265.
    Stiakakis E, Vlassopoulos D, Likos CN, Roovers J, Meier G (2002) Phys Rev Lett 89:208302Google Scholar
  266. 266.
    Mayer C, Stiakakis E, Zaccarelli E, Likos CN, Sciortino F, Tartaglia P, Löwen H, Vlassopoulos D (2007) Rheol Acta 46:611Google Scholar
  267. 267.
    Mayer C, Zaccarelli E, Stiakakis E, Likos CN, Sciortino F, Munam A, Gauthier M, Hadjichristidis N, Iatrou H, Tartaglia P, Löwen H, Vlassopoulos D (2008) Nat Mater 7:780Google Scholar
  268. 268.
    Imhof A, Dhont JKG (1995) Phys Rev Lett 75:1662Google Scholar
  269. 269.
    Rogers S, Vlassopoulos D, Callaghan PT (2008) Phys Rev Lett 100:128304Google Scholar
  270. 270.
    Cloitre M, Borrega R, Leibler L (2000) Phys Rev Lett 95:4819Google Scholar
  271. 271.
    Mewis J, Wagner NJ (2009) Adv Colloid Interface Sci 147–148:214Google Scholar
  272. 272.
    Dullaert K, Mewis J (2005) Rheol Acta 45:23Google Scholar
  273. 273.
    Dullaert K, Mewis J (2005) J Rheol 49:1213Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Giannelis EP, Krishnammorti R, Manias E (1999) Adv Polym Sci 138:107Google Scholar
  275. 275.
    Usiki A, Kojima M, Okada A, Fukushima Y, Kamigaito O (1993) J Mater Res 8:1179Google Scholar
  276. 276.
    Mackay ME, Dao TT, Tuteja A, Ho DL, Horn BV, Kim H-C, Hawker CJ (2003) Nat Mater 2:762Google Scholar
  277. 277.
    Balazs AC, Emrick T, Russell TP (2006) Science 314:1107Google Scholar
  278. 278.
    Solomon MJ, Almusallam AS, Seefeldt KF, Somwangthanaroj A, Varadan P (2001) Macromolecules 34:1864Google Scholar
  279. 279.
    Varadan P, Solomon MJ (2001) Langmuir 17:2918Google Scholar
  280. 280.
    Sepehr M, Carreau PJ, Moan M, Ausias G (2004) J Rheol 48:1023Google Scholar
  281. 281.
    Rajabian M, Dubois C, Grmela M, Carreau PJ (2008) Rheol Acta 47:701Google Scholar
  282. 282.
    Vermant J, Ceccia S, Dolgovskij MK, Maffettone PL, Macoscko CW (2007) J Rheol 51:429Google Scholar
  283. 283.
    Ciprari D (2002) Macromolecules 43:2981Google Scholar
  284. 284.
    Gersappe D (2002) Phys Rev Lett 89:058301Google Scholar
  285. 285.
    Wu CI (2005) Compos Sci Technol 65:635Google Scholar
  286. 286.
    Lin Y, Böker A, He J, Sill K, Xiang H, Abetz C, Li X, Wang X, Emrick T, Long S, Wang Q, Balazs A, Russell TP (2005) Nature 434:55Google Scholar
  287. 287.
    Jiang W, Kim BS, Rutka JT, Chan WCW (2008) Nat Nanotechnol 3:145Google Scholar
  288. 288.
    Mackay ME, Tuteja A, Duxbury PM, Hawker CJ, Van Horn B, Guan Z, Chen G, Krishnan RS (2006) Science 311:1740Google Scholar
  289. 289.
    Tyagi S, Lee JY, Buxton G, Balasz AC (2004) Macromolecules 37:9160Google Scholar
  290. 290.
    Hooper JB, Schweizer KS (2006) Macromolecules 39:5133Google Scholar
  291. 291.
    Nakatami AI, Chen W, Schmidt RG, Gordon GW, Han CC (2001) Polymer 42:3713Google Scholar
  292. 292.
    Sen S, Xie Y, Kumar SK, Yang H, Bansel A, Ho DL, Hall L, Hooper JB, Schweizer KS (2007) Phys Rev Lett 98:128302Google Scholar
  293. 293.
    Tuteja A, Duxbury PM, Mackay ME (2008) Phys Rev Lett 100:077801Google Scholar
  294. 294.
    Erguney FM, Lin H, Mattice WL (2005) Polymer 46:6154Google Scholar
  295. 295.
    Binder K, Lai PY, Wittmer J (1994) Faraday Discuss 98:97Google Scholar
  296. 296.
    Botuchov I, Leibler L (2000) Phys Rev E 62:R41Google Scholar
  297. 297.
    Klos J, Pakula T (2004) Macromolecules 37:8145Google Scholar
  298. 298.
    Kim JU, O’Shaughnessy B (2006) Macromolecules 39:413Google Scholar
  299. 299.
    Kim JU, Matsen MW (2008) Macromolecules 41:246Google Scholar
  300. 300.
    Yezek L, Schärtl W, Chen Y, Gohr K, Schmidt M (2003) Macromolecules 36:4226Google Scholar
  301. 301.
    Hasagawa R, Aoki Y, Doi M (1996) Macromolecules 29:6656Google Scholar
  302. 302.
    Bockstaller MR, Thomas EL (2004) Phys Rev Lett 93:166106Google Scholar
  303. 303.
    Kim BJ, Chiu JJ, Yi GR, Pine DJ, Kramer EJ (2005) Adv Mater 17:2618Google Scholar
  304. 304.
    Thompson XRT, Ginzburg VV, Matsen MW, Balasz AC (2001) Science 292:2469Google Scholar
  305. 305.
    Kim BJ, Fredickson GH, Kramer EJ (2008) Macromolecules 41:436Google Scholar
  306. 306.
    Pryamitsyn V, Ganesan V (2006) Macromolecules 39:8499Google Scholar
  307. 307.
    Sides SW, Kim BJ, Kramer EJ, Fredrickson GH (2006) Phys Rev Lett 96:250601Google Scholar
  308. 308.
    Bockstaller MR, Lapetnikov Y, Margel S, Thomas EL (2003) J Am Chem Soc 125:5276Google Scholar
  309. 309.
    Filippidi E, Michailidou V, Loppinet B, Rühe J, Fytas G (2007) Langmuir 23:5139Google Scholar
  310. 310.
    Lee J-Y, Thomson RB, Jasnow D, Balazs AC (2002) Phys Rev Lett 89:155503Google Scholar
  311. 311.
    Warren S, Disalvo FJ, Wiesner U (2007) Nat Mater 6:156Google Scholar
  312. 312.
    Kim BJ, Bang J, Hawker CJ, Kramer EJ (2006) Mcromolecules 39:4108Google Scholar
  313. 313.
    Stratford K, Adhikari R, Pagonabarraga I, Desplat J-C, Cates ME (2005) Science 309:2198Google Scholar
  314. 314.
    Lee JY, Shou Z, Balazs AC (2003) Phys Rev Lett 91:136103Google Scholar
  315. 315.
    Kempe MD, Kornfield JA (2003) Phys Rev Lett 90:115501Google Scholar
  316. 316.
    Araki T, Tanaka H (2008) J Phys Condens Matter 20:072101Google Scholar
  317. 317.
    Ginzburg VV (2005) Macromolecules 38:2362Google Scholar
  318. 318.
    Gupta S, Zhang Q, Emrick T, Balazs AC, Russell TP (2006) Nat Mater 5:229Google Scholar
  319. 319.
    Buxton GA, Lee JY, Balazs AC (2003) Macromolecules 36:9631Google Scholar
  320. 320.
    Yoon J, Lee W, Caruge JM, Thomas EL, Koi S, Prasad P (2006) Appl Phys Lett 88:091202Google Scholar
  321. 321.
    Cheng W, Gorishnyy T, Krikorian V, Fytas G, Thomas EL (2006) Macromolecules 39:9614Google Scholar
  322. 322.
    Thomson RB, Rasmussen KO, Lookman T (2004) Nano Lett 4:2455Google Scholar
  323. 323.
    Starr FW, Schroeder TB, Glotzer SC (2002) Macromolecules 35:4481Google Scholar
  324. 324.
    Bansal A, Yang H, Li C, Cho K, Benicewicz BC, Kumar SK, Schadler LS (2005) Nat Mater 4:693Google Scholar
  325. 325.
    Lee JJ, Su KE, Chan EP, Zhang Q, Emrick T, Crosby AJ (2007) Macromolecules 40:7755Google Scholar
  326. 326.
    Kropka JM, Sakai VG, Geen PF (2008) Nano Lett 8:1061Google Scholar
  327. 327.
    Cheng W, Gomopoulos N, Fytas G, Gorishnyy T, Walish J, Thomas EL, Hiltner A, Baer E (2008) Nano Lett 8:1423Google Scholar
  328. 328.
    Courty A, Mermet A, Albouy PA, Duval E, Pileni PM (2005) Nat Mater 4:395Google Scholar
  329. 329.
    Cheng W, Wang J, Jonas U, Fytas G, Stefanou N (2006) Nat Mater 5:830Google Scholar
  330. 330.
    Mazurenko DA, Shan X, Stiefelhagen JCP, Graf CM, van Blaaderen A, Dijkhuis JI (2007) Phys Rev B 75:161102RGoogle Scholar
  331. 331.
    Patterson GD, Latham JP (1980) J Polym Sci Macromol Rev 15:1Google Scholar
  332. 332.
    Still T, Retsch M, Sainidou R, Jonas U, Spahn P, Hellmann G, Fytas G (2008) Nano Lett 8:3194Google Scholar
  333. 333.
    Penciu RS, Fytas G, Economou EN, Steffen W, Yannopoulos SN (2000) Phys Rev Lett 85:4622Google Scholar
  334. 334.
    Vermant J, Vanderbril S, Dewitte C, Moldenaers P (2008) Rheol Acta 47:835Google Scholar
  335. 335.
    Vermant J, Cioccolo G, Golapan Nair K, Moldenaers P (2004) Rheol Acta 43:529Google Scholar
  336. 336.
    Binks BP, Horozov TS (2006) Colloidal particles at liquid interfaces. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  337. 337.
    Stratford K, Adhikari R, Pagonabarraga I, Desplat J-C, Cates ME (2005) Science 309:2198Google Scholar
  338. 338.
    Cates ME, Clegg PS (2008) Soft Matter 4:2132Google Scholar
  339. 339.
    Herzig EM, White KA, Schofield AB, Poon WCK, Clegg PS (2007) Nat Mater 6:966Google Scholar
  340. 340.
    Callaghan PT (2008) Rheol Acta 47:243Google Scholar
  341. 341.
    Vermant J, Solomon MJ (2005) J Phys Condens Matter 17:R187Google Scholar
  342. 342.
    Dhont JKG, Briels WJ (2008) Rheol Acta 47:257Google Scholar
  343. 343.
    Olmsted PD (2008) Rheol Acta 47:283Google Scholar
  344. 344.
    Cates ME, Fielding SM (2006) Adv Phys 55:799Google Scholar
  345. 345.
    Manneville S (2008) Rheol Acta 47:301Google Scholar
  346. 346.
    Lee YS, Wagner NJ (2006) Ind Eng Chem Res 45:7015Google Scholar
  347. 347.
    Krishnamurthy L, Wagner NJ, Mewis J (2006) J Rheol 50:1347Google Scholar
  348. 348.
    Osuji CO, Kim C, Weitz DA (2008) Phys Rev E 77:060402(R)Google Scholar
  349. 349.
    Scirocco R, Vermant J, Mewis J (2005) J Rheol 49:551Google Scholar
  350. 350.
    Royall CP, Vermolen ECM, van Blaaderen A (2008) J Phys Condens Matter 20:404225Google Scholar
  351. 351.
    Leunissen ME, Sullivan MT, Chaikin PM, van Blaaderen A (2008) J Chem Phys 128:164508Google Scholar
  352. 352.
    Li Q, Jonas U, Zhao XS, Kappl M (2008) Asia Pac J Chem Eng 3:255Google Scholar
  353. 353.
    Nelson EK, Braun PV (2007) Science 318:924Google Scholar
  354. 354.
    Hales K, Chen Z, Wooley KL, Pochan DJ (2008) Nano Lett 8:2023Google Scholar
  355. 355.
    Chen T, Zhang Z, Glotzer SC (2007) PNAS 104:717Google Scholar
  356. 356.
    Glotzer SC (2004) Science 306:519Google Scholar
  357. 357.
    van Blaaderen A (2006) Nature 439:545Google Scholar
  358. 358.
    Glotzer SC, Solomon MJ (2007) Nat Mater 6:557Google Scholar
  359. 359.
    Srinivas G, Pitera JW (2008) Nano Lett 6:611Google Scholar
  360. 360.
    Bianchi E, Largo J, Tartaglia P, Zaccarelli E, Sciortino F (2006) Phys Rev Lett 97:168301Google Scholar
  361. 361.
    Kegel WK, Breed D, Elsesser M, Pine DJ (2006) Langmuir 22:7135Google Scholar
  362. 362.
    Manoharan VN, Elsesser ME, Pine DJ (2003) Science 301:483Google Scholar
  363. 363.
    Zerrouki D, Rotenberg B, Abramson S, Baudry J, Goubault C, Leal-Calderon F, Pine DJ, Bibette J (2006) Langmuir 22:57Google Scholar
  364. 364.
    Kim J-W, Lee D, Shum HC, Weitz DA (2008) Adv Mater 20:3239Google Scholar
  365. 365.
    Hermans TM, Broeren MAC, Gomopoulos N, Schoot PAM, Van Genderen MHP, Sommerdijk NAM, Fytas G, Meijer EW (2009) Nature Nanotechnology (DOI:10.1038/ nnano.2009.232)Google Scholar
  366. 366.
    Mirkin CA, Letsinger RL, Mucic RC, Storhoff JJ (1996) Nature 382:607Google Scholar
  367. 367.
    Proupin-Pérez M, Cosstick R, Liz-Marzan LM, Salgueirino-Maceira V, Brust M (2005) Nucleotides Nucleic Acids 24:1075Google Scholar
  368. 368.
    Park SY, Lytton-Jean AKR, Lee B, Weigand S, Schatz G, Mirkin CA (2008) Nature 451:553Google Scholar
  369. 369.
    Largo J, Tartaglia P, Sciortino F (2007) Phys Rev E 76:011402Google Scholar
  370. 370.
    Largo J, Starr FW, Sciortino F (2007) Langmuir 23:5896Google Scholar
  371. 371.
    Schmatko T, Bozorgui B, Geerts N, Frenkel D, Eiser E, Poon WCK (2007) Soft Matter 3:703Google Scholar
  372. 372.
    Askin A, Dziedzic JM, Smith PW (1982) Opt Lett 7:276Google Scholar
  373. 373.
    Bosanac L, Aabo T, Bendix PM, Odderrshede LB (2008) Nano Lett 5:1486Google Scholar
  374. 374.
    Stegeman GI, Segev M (1999) Science 286:1518Google Scholar
  375. 375.
    Peccianti M, Conti C, Assanto C, De Luca A, Umeton C (2004) Nature 432:733Google Scholar
  376. 376.
    Reece PJ, Wright EM, Dholakia K (2007) Phys Rev Lett 98:203902Google Scholar
  377. 377.
    El-Ganainy R, Christodoulides R, Musslimani DN, Ziad H, Rotschild C, Segev M (2007) Opt Lett 32:3185Google Scholar
  378. 378.
    Mitsui T, Wakayama Y, Onodera T, Takaya Y, Oikawa H (2008) Nano Lett 8:853Google Scholar
  379. 379.
    Brader JM, Voigtmann Th, Cates ME, Fuchs M (2007) Phys Rev Lett 98:058301Google Scholar
  380. 380.
    Sollich P, Lequeux F, Hebraud H, Cates ME (1997) Phys Rev Lett 78:2020Google Scholar
  381. 381.
    Fielding SM, Sollich P, Cates ME (2000) J Rheol 44:323Google Scholar
  382. 382.
    Fielding SM, Cates ME, Sollich P (2009) Soft Matter 5:2378Google Scholar
  383. 383.
    van den Noort A, Otter WK, Briels WJ (2007) Europhys Lett 80:28003Google Scholar
  384. 384.
    van den Noort A, Briels WJ (2007) Macromol Theory Simul 16:742Google Scholar
  385. 385.
    Kindt P, Briels WJ (2007) J Chem Phys 127:134901Google Scholar
  386. 386.
    van den Noort A, Briels WJ (2008) J Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech 152:148Google Scholar
  387. 387.
    Malevanets A, Kapral R (1999) J Chem Phys 110:8605Google Scholar
  388. 388.
    Tao YG, Götze IO, Gompper G (2008) J Chem Phys 128:144902Google Scholar
  389. 389.
    Padding JT, Louis AA (2004) Phys Rev Lett 93:220601Google Scholar
  390. 390.
    Phung TN, Brady JF, Bossis G (1996) J Fluid Mech 313:181Google Scholar
  391. 391.
    Ripoll M, Winkler RG, Gompper G (2006) Phys Rev Lett 96:188302Google Scholar
  392. 392.
    Dhont JKG, Lettinga MP, Dogic Z, Lenstra TAJ, Wang H, Rathgeber S, Carletto P, Willner L, Frielinghaus H, Lindner P (2003) Faraday Discuss 123:157Google Scholar
  393. 393.
    Beris AN, Stiakakis E, Vlassopoulos D (2008) J Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech 152:76Google Scholar
  394. 394.
    Dullaert K, Mewis J (2006) J Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech 139:21Google Scholar
  395. 395.
    Roussel N, Le Roy R, Coussot P (2004) J Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech 117:85Google Scholar
  396. 396.
    Dullaert K, Mewis J (2005) J Colloid Interface Sci 287:542Google Scholar
  397. 397.
    Seth JR, Cloitre M, Bonnecaze R (2008) J Rheol 52:1241Google Scholar
  398. 398.
    Ballesta P, Besseling R, Isa L, Petekidis G, Poon WCK (2009) Phys Rev Lett 101:258301Google Scholar
  399. 399.
    Besseling R, Weeks ER, Schofield AB, Poon WCK (2007) Phys Rev Lett 99:028301Google Scholar
  400. 400.
    Degre G, Joseph P, Tabeling P, Lerouge S, Cloitre M (2006) Appl Phys Lett 89:024104Google Scholar
  401. 401.
    Reynaert S, Moldenaers P, Vermant J (2007) Phys Chem Chem Phys 9:6463Google Scholar
  402. 402.
    Reynaert S, Brooks CF, Moldenaers P, Vermant J, Fuller GG (2008) J Rheol 52:261Google Scholar
  403. 403.
    Brooks CF, Fuller GG, Frank CW, Robertson CR (1999) Langmuir 15:2450Google Scholar
  404. 404.
    Monteux C, Jung E, Fuller GG (2007) Langmuir 23:3975Google Scholar
  405. 405.
    Basavaraj MG, Fuller GG, Fransaer J, Vermant J (2006) Langmuir 22:6605Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FORTH, Institute of Electronic Structure & Laser, Department of Materials Science & TechnologyUniversity of CreteHeraklionGreece

Personalised recommendations