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Solid Phase Microextraction for Analysis of Polymer Degradation Products and Additives

  • Minna HakkarainenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 211)

Abstract

Commercial plastics and rubbers always contain low molecular weight additives. Other low molecular weight compounds are formed due to degradation of polymers and additives during synthesis, processing, use and after disposal. Knowledge of these compounds is important for evaluating the environmental impact and interaction of polymeric materials, to investigate long-term properties and degradation mechanisms, to verify ingredients, to investigate manufacturing problems, to quality control polymeric materials, to identify odorants, to avoid workplace exposure and to insure safety of food packaging and medical products. Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) is a solvent-free extraction technique that has in recent years found an increasing number of applications in different fields. This paper presents a review of SPME technique in different polymer related applications including analysis of degradation products and polymer additives, monomer-rests, odor compounds, migrants from food packaging and medical products, extraction of polymer additives from environmental samples and biological fluids. Future possibilities are also discussed.

Solid phase microextraction Polymer analysis Degradation products Additives 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, School of Chemical Science and EngineeringRoyal Institute of Technology (KTH)StockholmSweden

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