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Quantitative Determination of Volatiles in Polymers and Quality Control of Recycled Materials by Static Headspace Techniques

  • Mikael Gröning
  • Minna Hakkarainen
  • Ann-Christine AlbertssonEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 211)

Abstract

A presentation is given of headspace (HS) extraction and headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) techniques and their combination with multiple headspace (MHS) extraction to enable quantitative determination of volatiles in solid polymer matrixes. As an example, the development of HS, HS-SPME, and MHS-SPME methods for extraction of volatiles from thermo-oxidized and/or recycled polyamide 6.6 is reviewed with special focus on the problems encountered when extracting analytes from solid-sample matrixes including excessively long equilibrium times and adsorption of analytes to the sample matrix. Examples are also given of the application of HS-SPME in quality control of recycled materials, in durability assessment of polymeric materials and in degradation studies.

Degradation Multiple headspace extraction Quality control Recycling Solid-phase microextraction  

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikael Gröning
    • 1
  • Minna Hakkarainen
    • 1
  • Ann-Christine Albertsson
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Fibre and Polymer TechnologySchool of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)StockholmSweden

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