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Conducting Polymer Nanomaterials and Their Applications

  • Jyongsik JangEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 199)

Abstract

A paradigm shift takes place in the fabrication of conducting polymers from bulky features with microsize to ultrafine features with nanometer range. Novel conducting polymer nanomaterials require the potential to control synthetic approaches of conducting polymer on molecular and atomic levels. In this article, the synthetic methodology of conducting polymer has been briefly considered with chemical oxidation polymerization and electrochemical polymerization. The recent achievements in the fabrication of conducting polymer nanomaterials have been extensively reviewed with respect to soft template method, hard template method and template-free method. It also details the morphological spectrum of conducting polymer nanomaterials such as nanoparticle, core-shell nanomaterial, hollow nanosphere, nanofiber/nanorod, nanotube, thin film and nanopattern and nanocomposite. In addition, their applications are discussed under nanometer-sized dimension.

Conducting polymer Nanomaterial Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) Polyaniline Polypyrrole 

Abbreviations

AAO

Anodic aluminum oxide

AFM

Atomic force microscopy

AOT

Sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate

APS

Ammonium persulfate

CNT

Carbon nanotube

C-PPV

Poly(p-phenylene vinylene) with crown ether substituents

CSA

Camphorsulfonic acid

CVD

Chemical vapor deposition

1-D

One-dimensional

2-D

Two-dimensional

3-D

Three-dimensional

DBSA

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid

DeTAB

Decyltrimethylammonium bromide

DTAB

Dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide

E0

Oxidation potential

EDOT

3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene

EMI

Electromagnetic interference

h

Hour(s)

ICP

Inherently conducting polymer

ITO

Indium tin oxide

LB

Langmuir–Blodgett

LBL

Layer-by-layer

LED

Light emitting diode

min

Minute(s)

mm

Millimeter(s)

μm

Micrometer(s)

MEH-PPV

Poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-p-phenylenevinylene]

MH-PPV

Poly[2-methoxy-5-(n-hexadecyloxy)-p-phenylenevinylene]

MIMIC

Micromolding in capillaries

nm

Nanometer(s)

NMP

N-methylpyrrolidone

NSA

Naphthalene sulphonic acid

OTAB

Octyltrimethylammonium bromide

p

Para

PADPA

p-amino-diphenylamine

PANI

Polyaniline

PC

Polycarbonate

PEDOT

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)

PEO

Poly(ethylene oxide)

P3HT

Poly(3-hexylthiophene)

PL

Photoluminescence

PMMA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

PPV

Poly(p-phenylene vinylene)

PPy

Polypyrrole

PS

Polystyrene

PS-PIAT

Diblock copolymer consisting of 40 styrene and 50 3-(isocyano-1-alanylaminoethyl)thiophene

PSS

Poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate)

PT

Polythiophene

PVA

Poly(vinyl alcohol)

PVD

Physical vapor deposition

PVG

Polyaniline-porous Vycor glass

PVK

Poly(N-vinylcarbazole)

PVP

Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone)

RT

Room temperature

s

Second(s)

SDS

Sodium dodecyl sulfate

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SPIAD

Surface polymerization by ion-assisted deposition

Tg

Glass transition temperature

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

TPPS

5-, 10-, 15-, 20-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin

p-TSA

p-toluenesulfonic acid

UV-vis

Ultraviolet-visible

VDP

Vapor deposition polymerization

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been financially supported by the Brain Korea 21 program of the Korean Ministry of Education and the Hyperstructured Organic Materials Research Center supported by Korea Science and Engineering Foundation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hyperstructured Organic Materials Research Center and School of Chemical and Biological EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea

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