Advertisement

Photoinitiated Synthesis of Grafted Polymers

  • Daniel J. DyerEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 197)

Abstract

We review various methods for the photochemical grafting of organic polymers to various substrates including, organic films, membranes, planar gold, silicon wafers, glass, silica gel, silica nanoparticles, and polydimethylsiloxane micro-channels. An emphasis is placed on photoinitiated synthesis of polymer brushes from planar gold and silicon.

AIBN Iniferter Microfluidics Polymer brush Surface initiated polymerization 

Abbreviations

AFM

atomic force microscopy

AIBN

2,2′-azobisisobutyronitrile

ATR

attenuated total reflection

ATRP

atom transfer radical polymerization

BP

benzophenone

GF

grafting from

GT

grafting to

IR

infrared

Mn

number-average molecular weight

Mw

weight-average molecular weight

MMA

methyl methacrylate

NIPAAm

N-isopropylacrylamide

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance

PAN

polyacrylonitrile

PDMS

polydimethylsiloxane

PE

polyethylene

PET

polyethylene terephthalate

PDI

polydispersity index

PMMA

poly(methyl methacrylate)

PS

polystyrene

QCM

quartz crystal microbalance

RAIRS

reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy

SAM

self-assembled monolayer

SBDC

N,N-(diethylamino)dithiocarbamoylbenzyl(trimethoxy)silane

SFM

scanning force microscopy

SIP

surface-initiated polymerization

THF

tetrahydrofuran

UV

ultra-violet

XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Advincula RC, Brittain WJ, Caster KC, Rühe J (2004) Polymer Brushes. Wiley, Weinheim CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rühe J, Knoll W (2002) J Macromol Sci: Polym Rev C42:91–138 Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhao B, Brittain WJ (2000) Prog Polym Sci 25:677–710 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nagasaki Y, Kataoka K (1996) Trend Polym Sci 4:59–64 Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Milner ST (1991) Science 251:905–914 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Edmondson S, Osborne VL, Huck WTS (2004) Chem Soc Rev 33:14–22 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dyer DJ (2003) Adv Funct Mater 13:667–670 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prucker O, Konradi R, Schimmel M, Habicht J, Park I-J, Rühe J (2004) In: Advincula RC, Brittain WJ, Caster KC, Rühe J (eds) Polymer Brushes: Synthesis, Characterization, Applications. Wiley, Weinheim, p 449–469 Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yagci Y (2000) Macromol Symp 161:19–35 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fouassier JP (2000) Recent Res Devel Photochem Photobiol 4:51–74 Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fouassier JP (2000) Recent Res Devel Polym Sci 4:131–145 Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Decker C (1998) Polym Inter 45:133–141 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fouassier JP, Ruhlmann D, Graff B, Wieder F (1995) Prog Org Coatings 25:169–202 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Belfield KD, Crivello JV (eds) (2003) Photoinitiated Polymerization, ACS Symposium Series Vol 847. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Davidson RS (1993) In: Fouassier JP, Rabek JF (eds) Radiation Curing in Polymer Science and Technology: Polymerisation Mechanisms, Vol 3. Elsevier, London, p 153–176 Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li T (1990) Polym Bull (Berlin) 24:397–404 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hoyle CE, Cole M, Bachemin M, Kuang W, Kalyanaraman V, Jönsson S (2003) In: Belfield KD, Crivello JV (eds) Photoinitiated Polymerization, ACS Symposium Series Vol 847. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, p 52–64 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jacobine AF (1993) In: Fouassier JP, Rabek JF (eds) Radiation Curing in Polymer Science and Technology: Polymerisation Mechanisms, Vol 3. Elsevier, London, p 219–268 Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cramer NB, Reddy SK, O'Brien AK, Bowman CN (2003) Macromolecules 36:7964–7969 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Matyjaszewski K (ed) (2000) Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization, ACS Symposium Series, Vol 768. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hawker CJ, Bosman AW, Harth E (2001) Chem Rev 101:3661–3688 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bisht HS, Chatterjee AK (2001) J Macromol Sci Polym Rev C41:139–173 Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fischer H (2001) Chem Rev 101:3581–3610 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Pyun J, Kowalewski T, Matyjaszewski K (2003) Macromol Rapid Commun 24:1043–1059 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Crivello JV (2002) Designed Monomers Polym 5:141–154 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rånby B (1992) Makromol Chem Macromol Symp 63:55–67 Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Uyama Y, Kato K, Ikada Y (1998) Adv Polym Sci 137:1–39 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kato K, Uchida E, Kang E-T, Uyama Y, Ikada Y (2003) Prog Polym Sci 28:209–259 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Charlesby A (1952) Proc Royal Soc London A215:187 Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Oster G, Shibata O (1957) J Polym Sci 26:233–234 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Oster G, Oster GK, Moroson H (1959) J Polym Sci 24:671–681 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yang B, Yang W (2003) J Memb Sci 218:247–255 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yamada K, Takeda S, Hirata M (2003) In: Belfield KD, Crivello JV (eds) Photoinitiated Polymerization, ACS Symposium Series, Vol 847. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, p 511–521 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ma H, Davis RH, Bowman CN (2000) Macromolecules 33:331–335 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lee HJ, Matsuda T (1999) J Biomed Mater Res 47:564–567 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hu S, Ren X Bachman M, Sims CE, Li GP, Allbritton NL (2004) Anal Chem 76:1865–1870 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Tovar G, Paul S, Knoll W, Prucker O, Rühe J (1995) Supramol Sci 2:89–98 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Prucker O, Schimmel M, Tovar G, Knoll W, Rühe J (1998) Adv Mater 10:1073–1077 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Knoll W, Matsuzawa M, Offenhäusser A, Rühe J (1996) Israel J Chem 36:357–369 Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Prucker O, Habicht J, Park I-J, Rühe J (1999) Mater Sci Eng C 8–9:291–297 Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Prucker O, Naumann CA, Rühe J, Knoll W, Frank CW (1999) J Am Chem Soc 121:8766–8770 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Knoll W, Frank CW, Heibel C, Naumann R, Offenhäusser A, Rühe J, Schmidt EK, Shen WW, Sinner A (2000) Rev Mol Biotechnol 74:137–158 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Adenier A, Cabet-Deliry E, Lalot T, Pinson J, Podvorica F (2002) Chem Mater 14:4576–4585 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Zaremski MY, Chernikova EV, Izmailov LG, Garina ES, Olenin AV (1996) Macromol Reports A33:237–242 Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    de Boer B, Simon HK, Werts MPL, van der Vegte EW, Hadziioannou G (2000) Macromolecules 33:349–356 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Bai J, Qiu K-Y, Wei Y (2003) Polym Inter 52:853–858 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Niwa M, Date M, Higashi N (1996) Macromolecules 29:3681–3685 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Schmidt R, Zhao T, Green J-B, Dyer DJ (2002) Langmuir 18:1281–1287 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Paul R, Schmidt R, Feng J, Dyer DJ (2002) J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 40:3284–3291 Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Dyer DJ, Feng J (2003) Polym Preprints 44(2):230–231 Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Paul R, Schmidt R, Dyer DJ (2002) Langmuir 18:8719–8723 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Dyer DJ, Feng J, Fivelson C, Paul R, Schmidt R, Zhao T (2004) In: Advincula RC, Brittain WJ, Caster KC, Rühe J (eds) Polymer Brushes: Synthesis, Characterization, Applications. Wiley, Weinheim, p 129–150 Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Dyer DJ, Feng J, Schmidt R, Wong VN, Zhao T, Yagci Y (2004) Macromolecules 37:7072–7074 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Prucker O, Rühe J (1998) Langmuir 14:6893–6898 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Zhang J, Cui CQ, Lim TB, Kang E-T (2000) Macromol Chem Phys 201:1653–1661 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Sidorenko A, Minko S, Schenk-Meuser K, Duschner H, Stamm M (1999) Langmuir 15:8349–8355 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Feng J, Haasch RT, Dyer DJ (2004) Macromolecules 37:9525–9537 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistrySouthern Illinois UniversityCarbondaleUSA

Personalised recommendations