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Supramolecular Chemistry and Mechanochemistry of Macromolecules: Recent Advances by Single-Molecule Force Spectroscopy

  • Bo Cheng
  • Shuxun Cui
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 369)

Abstract

Atomic force spectroscopy (AFM)-based single-molecule force spectroscopy (SMFS) was invented in the 1990s. Since then, SMFS has been developed into a powerful tool to study the inter- and intra-molecular interactions of macromolecules. Using SMFS, a number of problems in the field of supramolecular chemistry and mechanochemistry have been studied at the single-molecule level, which are not accessible by traditional ensemble characterization methods. In this review, the principles of SMFS are introduced, followed by the discussion of several problems of contemporary interest at the interface of supramolecular chemistry and mechanochemistry of macromolecules, including single-chain elasticity of macromolecules, interactions between water and macromolecules, interactions between macromolecules and solid surface, and the interactions in supramolecular polymers.

Keywords

AFM Desorption Inherent elasticity Macromolecules Mechanochemistry Molecular motor Non-covalent interactions Polymer models QM calculations Single-molecule elasticity SMFS Supramolecular chemistry Supramolecular polymer Water rearrangement 

Abbreviations

AFM

Atomic force spectroscopy

AMIMCl

Allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride

bisUPy

Bis(2-ureido-4[1H]-pyrimidinone)

CB[8]

Cucurbit[8]uril

DEBenzene

Diethylbenzene

DP

Degree of polymerization

dsDNA

Double-stranded DNA

FJC

Freely jointed chain

Force curve

Force-extension curve

FRC

Freely rotating chain

Gua

Guanidine chloride

HSCT

Host-stabilized charge transfer

IL

Ionic liquid

LbL

Layer-by-layer

MD

Molecular dynamics

M-FJC

Modified FJC

NIPAM

N-Isopropylacrylamide

nN

NanoNewtons

P4VP

Poly(4-vinyl pyridine)

PAAM

Polyacrylamide

PAMPS

Poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl propane sulfonic acid)

PBS

Phosphate buffered saline

PDEAM

Poly(N,N-diethylacrylamide)

PEG

Polyethylene glycol

PFS

Poly(ferrocenylsilane)

pN

PicoNewtons

PNIPAM

Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)

PS

Polystyrene

PVA

Poly(vinyl alcohol)

RT

Room temperature

SMFS

Single-molecule force spectroscopy

ssDNA

Single-stranded DNA

UAT

Urea-aminotriazine

WLC

Worm-like chain

β-CD

β-Cyclodextrin

χmethanol

Methanol molar fraction

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (21222401, 21074102), the program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-11-0708), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (SWJTU11ZT05, SWJTU12CX001).

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Lab of Advanced Technologies of Materials, Ministry of Education of ChinaSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina

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