Enhancing Global and Local Contrast for Image Using Discrete Stationary Wavelet Transform and Simulated Annealing Algorithm
After the discrete stationary wavelet transform (DSWT) combined with the generalized cross validation (GCV) for an image, the noise in the image is directly reduced in the high frequency sub-bands, which are at the high- resolution levels. Then the local contrast of the image is enhanced by combining de-noising method with in-complete Beta transform (IBT) in the high frequency sub-bands, which are at the low-resolution levels. In order to enhance the global contrast for the image, the low frequency sub-band image is also processed by combining the IBT and the simulated annealing algorithm (SA). The IBT is used to obtain the non-linear gray transform curve. The transform parameters are determined by the SA so as to obtain the optimal non-linear gray transform parameters. In order to reduce the large computational requirements of traditional contrast enhancement algorithms, a new criterion is proposed with the gray level histogram. The contrast type for an original image is determined by employing the new criterion. The gray transform parameters space is respectively given according to different contrast types, which greatly shrinks gray transform parameters space. Finally, the quality of the enhanced image is evaluated by a new overall objective criterion. Experimental results demonstrate that the new algorithm can greatly improve the global and local contrast for an image while efficiently reducing gauss white noise (GWN) in the image. The new algorithm performs better than the histogram equalization (HE) algorithm, un-sharpened mask algorithm (USM), Tubbs’s algorithm , Gong’s algorithm  and Wu’s algorithm .
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Rosenfield, A., Avinash, C.K.: Digital Picture Processing. Academic Press, New York (1982)Google Scholar
- 2.Tubbs, J.D.: A note on parametric image enhancement. Pattern Recognition 30, 616–621 (1997)Google Scholar
- 3.Wu-Peng, G., Yong-Zhong, W.: Contrast enhancement of infrared image via wavelet transforms. Chinese Journal of National University of Defense Technology 22, 117–119 (2000)Google Scholar
- 4.Ying-Qian, W., Peng-Fei, S.: Approach on image contrast enhancement based on wavelet transform. Chinese J. Infrared and Laser Engineering 32, 4–7 (2003)Google Scholar
- 6.Lang, M., Guo, H., Odegend, J.E., Burrus, C.S., Wells Jr., R.O.: Nonlinear processing of a shift-invariant DWT for noise reduction. In: SPIE Conference on wavelet applications, vol. 2491, pp. 76–82 (1995)Google Scholar
- 8.Jansen, M., Uytterhoeven, G., Bultheel, A.: Image de-nosing by integer wavelet transforms and generalized cross validation. Technical Report TW264, Department of Computer Science, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belguim (August 1997)Google Scholar