The Use of Multi-sensory Feedback to Improve the Usability of a Virtual Assembly Environment

  • Ying Zhang
  • Adrian R. L. Travis
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4270)


This paper presents the usability evaluation of our developed multi-sensory Virtual Assembly Environment (VAE). The evaluation is conducted by using its three attributes: 1) efficiency of use; 2) user’s satisfaction; and 3) reliability in use. These are addressed by using task completion times (TCTs), questionnaires, and human performance error rates (HPERs), respectively. A peg-in-a-hole and a Sener electronic box assembly tasks have been used as the task cases to perform the experiments, using sixteen participants. The experimental outcomes are analysed and discussed.


Usability Virtual Environment Assembly Simulation Multi-sensory Feedback 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying Zhang
    • 1
  • Adrian R. L. Travis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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