Design, Implementation, and Experiments on Outdoor Deployment of Wireless Sensor Network for Environmental Monitoring

  • Jukka Suhonen
  • Mikko Kohvakka
  • Marko Hännikäinen
  • Timo D. Hämäläinen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4017)


This paper presents the design, implementation, and practical real world experiments of an energy optimized multi-hop wireless sensor network (WSN) targeted at environmental monitoring. The WSN is fully autonomous and consists of energy-efficient and scalable communication protocols and low-power hardware platform. Software tools are developed for configuring and analyzing large scale networks. The network has been deployed in outdoor environment consisting of 20 nodes covering over 2 km2 area. The results show that the multi-hop network works autonomously, reacts to environmental changes, and is able to operate temperatures down to -30 °C. The hardware nodes operating on 433 MHz frequency provide over 1 km communication distances, while still having sufficient throughput and low energy consumption. The deployed nodes had a lifetime of 6 months with a 1600 mAh battery, while generating 4 packets per minute.


Sensor Node Wireless Sensor Network Medium Access Control Cluster Head Network Lifetime 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jukka Suhonen
    • 1
  • Mikko Kohvakka
    • 1
  • Marko Hännikäinen
    • 1
  • Timo D. Hämäläinen
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Computer and Digital SystemsTampere University of TechnologyFinland

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