Dependencies Between Data Decisions

  • Frank G. Goethals
  • Wilfried Lemahieu
  • Monique Snoeck
  • Jacques Vandenbulcke
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3966)


In this paper we show that storing and transmitting data is a complex practice, especially in an inter-organizational setting. We found 18 data aspects on which heavy consideration and coordination is important during a software process. We present these data aspects and point out that these data aspects are dealt with at different levels within Extended Enterprises. A good software process embraces the idea that choices have to be made on these 18 data aspects, and it recognizes the dependencies between the aspects, and the dependencies between decisions made at different levels in the enterprise.


Storage Medium Enterprise Architecture Individual Enterprise Initiation Event Architectural Description 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Simon, H.A.: The sciences of the artificial, 2nd edn. p. 247. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1994)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hirschheim, R., Klein, H., Lyytinen, K.: Control, Sense-Making and Argumentation: Articulating and Exploring the Intellectual Structures of Information Systems. In: Shanks, G., Arnott, D. (eds.) Proceedings of the Fifth Australasian Conference on Information Systems, Melbourne, Australia, September 27-29, pp. 1–25 (1994)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goethals, F., Vandenbulcke, J., Lemahieu, W., Snoeck, M.: Structuring the development of inter-organizational systems. In: Zhou, X., Su, S., Papazoglou, M.P., Orlowska, M.E., Jeffery, K.G. (eds.) WISE 2004. LNCS, vol. 3306, pp. 454–465. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Goethals, F., Vandenbulcke, J., Lemahieu, W., Snoeck, M., Cumps, B.: Two Basic Types of Business-to-Business integration. International Journal of E-Business Research 1(1), 1–15 (2005), CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cook, M.: Building Enterprise Information Architectures, p. 179. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1996)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mintzberg, H.: Structure in Fives, Designing effective organizations, New Jersey, p. 305. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1993)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Malone, T.W., Crowston, K.: Towards an Interdisciplinary Theory of Coordination. Computing Surveys 26(1) (1994)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zachman, J.: A framework for information systems architecture. IBM Systems Journal 26(3), 276–292 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kruchten, P.: The 4+1 View Model of Architecture. IEEE Software, 42–50 (November 1995)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Soni, D., Nord, R.L., Hofmeister, C.: ‘Software architecture in industrial applications’. In: Jeffrey, R., Notkin, D. (eds.) Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Software Engineering, pp. 196–207. ACM Press, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tapscott, D., Caston, A.: The New Promise of Information Technology, p. 313. McGraw-Hill, New York (1993)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    The Chief Information Officers Council, Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework Version 1.1, pp. 41 (September 1999)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Department of Defense - C4ISR Architectures Working Group, C4ISR Architecture Framework Version 2.0, pp. 239 (December 1997) Retrieved from,
  14. 14.
    Department of the Treasury, Treasury Enterprise Architecture Framework, Version 1, pp. 164. Retrieved from,
  15. 15.
    de Van Ven, A.H., Delbecq, A.L., Koenig Jr., R.: Determinants of coordination modes within organizations. American sociological review 41, 322–338 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tillquist, J., King, J.L., Woo, C.: A representational scheme for analyzing informa-tion technology and organizational dependency. MISQuarterly 26(2), 91–118 (2002)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Thompson, J.D.: Organizations in Action: Social Science Bases of Administrative Theory. McGraw-Hill, New York (1967)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Alexander, E.R.: How organizations act together, p. 384. Gordon and Breach, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Donald, C.: Coordination without hierarchy, informal structures in multiorganizational systems, p. 273. University of California Press (1992)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    O’Toole, L.J., Montjoy, R.S.: Interorganizationl policy implements: a theoretical perspective. Public Administration Review 44(6), 491–503 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pfeffer, J., Salancik, G.R.: The external control of organizations. In: A Resource Dependence perspective, Stanford University Press, California (1978, 2003)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Crowston, K.: A taxonomy of organizational dependencies and coordination mechanisms. In: Malone, T.W., Crowston, K., Herman, G. (eds.) The Process Handbook, pp. 85–108. MIT Press, Cambridge (2003)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hansen, M.T., Nohria, N., Tierney, T.: What’s Your strategy for managing knowledge? Harvard Business Review, 106–116 (March-April 1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank G. Goethals
    • 1
  • Wilfried Lemahieu
    • 1
  • Monique Snoeck
    • 1
  • Jacques Vandenbulcke
    • 1
  1. 1.F.E.T.E.W. – K.U.Leuven, SAP-leerstoel Extended Enterprise InfrastructuresLeuvenBelgium

Personalised recommendations