Comparison of Two Learning Models for Collaborative e-Learning

  • Chan Jung Park
  • Jung Suk Hyun
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3942)


Due to the advance of e-community, collaborative learning becomes popular on the Web. Among the learning models for collaborative learning on the Web, there are seminar-based model and project-based model. The objective of this paper is to compare the two learning models by analyzing learners’ activities. Among learners’ activities, we focus on learners’ interaction level, their collaborability, and their accountability. Also, we propose new assessment items for evaluating learners fairly. In this paper, the existing evaluation items in traditional classroom-based collaborative learning are firstly analyzed in order to develop new evaluation criteria for the Web. Based on these analyzed items, we propose new items for assessing learners’ activities in Web-based collaborative learning. After two Web-based classes, each of which has a different learning model, are performed, the proposed items are applied to compare the two learning models in terms of learners’ interaction level, collaborability, and accountability. By performing this research, we can understand learners’ activities clearer and can develop a better instructional technique to make improved academic achievement, improved attendance, and increased self-confidence in collaborative e-learning.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Baek, Y.K.: Design of Web-based Learning. Yangseowon Publishing Co. (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bonk, C.J.: Collaborative Tool for e-Learning (2002),
  3. 3.
    Boo, S.M., Park, C.J.: Development of Self/Peer Assessment Items for Cooperative Learning. Korean Domestic Journal of Computer Education 6(1) (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chi, E., Park, C., Rim, H.: Evaluating the Web-based Instruction by Item Analysis. In: Kumar, V., Gavrilova, M.L., Tan, C.J.K., L’Ecuyer, P. (eds.) ICCSA 2003. LNCS, vol. 2668. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cohen, E.G.: Restructuring the Classroom: Conditions for Productive Small Groups. Review of Educational Research 64(1) (1994)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cornell University, Likert Scaling (2002),
  7. 7.
    Johnson, D., Johnson, R.: Cooperative Learning (2001),
  8. 8.
    Disney Learning Partnership. Cooperative and Collaborative Learning: Explanation,
  9. 9.
    Harasim, L., Calivert, T., Groeneboer, C.: Virtual-U: A Web-based System to Support Collaborative Learning (1995),
  10. 10.
    Kang, M.O.: Collaborative Learning Strategy for Web-based Linguistics Lectures. In: Proceedings of the 23rd Korean Domestic Conference on Korean Linguistics (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kang, I.A., Lee, M.S., Kim, J.H., Lee, I.S.: Case Study on Web-based Problem-solving Learning Model. Korean Domestic Journal of Education Engineering 15(1) (1999)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kaufman, D.B., Felder, R.M.: Accounting for Individual Effort in Cooperative Learning Teams. Journal of Engineering Education 89(2) (2000)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lamb, A.: Project, Problem, and Inquiry-Based Learning (2004),
  14. 14.
    Park, D.S.: Methodology for Constructing Items. Education & Science Publishing Co. (1999)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Roh, H.J.: Investigation Method and Statistical Analysis using Korean SPSS 10.0. Hyungseol Publishing Co. (2002)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Slavin, R.E.: Cooperative Learning: where behavioral and humanistic approaches to classroom motivation meet. Elementary School Journal 88 (1987)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Valiathan, P.: Blended Learning Models (2002),
  18. 18.
    Willkins, D.E., Lawhead, P.B.: Evaluating Individuals in Team Projects. In: Proceedings of SIGCSE (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chan Jung Park
    • 1
  • Jung Suk Hyun
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer EducationCheju National UniversityJeju-doKorea
  2. 2.Dept. of Management Information SystemCheju National UniversityJeju-doKorea

Personalised recommendations