Applying the Adaptive Learning Material Producing Strategy to Group Learning

  • Bin-Shyan Jong
  • Te-Yi Chan
  • Yu-Lung Wu
  • Tsong-Wuu Lin
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3942)


Because cooperative learning and Internet technologies are increasingly universal, how to help learners to learn effectively using the on-line learning systems and adopting teaching processes is increasingly important. Based on conceptual graph theory, this study proposed a strategy for efficiently storing learner knowledge structure and producing learning materials. By following the teaching process involved in giving lessons, the strategy uses the stored knowledge structure to produce adaptive group learning material for group learning activities. Additionally, this study used a curriculum to implement an experiment, and then used the experimental results to prove the ability of the proposed strategy to help learners to learn more efficiently.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ausubel, D.P.: Educational Psychology: A Cognitive View. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York (1968)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ausubel, D.P., Novak, J.S., Hanesian, H.: Educational Psychology: A Cognitive View 2nd. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York (1978)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Frick, T.W.: Bayesian adaptation during computer-based tests and computer-guided practice exercises. Journal of Educational Computing Research 5(1), 89–114 (1989)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gallegos, L., Jerezano, M.E., Flores, F.: Preconceptions and Relations Used by Children in the Construction of Food Chains. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 31(3), 259–272 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hooper, S., Hannafin, M.J.: Cooperative CBI: The Effects of Heterogeneous Versus Homogenous Grouping on The Learning of Progressively Complex Concepts. Journal of Educational Computing Research 14(4), 413–424 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Johnson, D.W., Johnson, R.T.: Cooperation and Competition: Theory and Research. Interaction Book Co, Edina (1989)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jong, B.S., Lin, T.W., Wu, Y.L., Chan, T.Y.: Diagnostic and Remedial Learning Strategy Based on Conceptual Graph. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 20(5), 377–386 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jong, B.S., Wu, Y.L., Chan, T.Y.: Dynamic Grouping Strategies Based on a Conceptual Graph for Cooperative Learning. To be published in IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering (2006) (accepted)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McClure, J.R., Sonak, B., Suen, H.K.: Concept map assessment of classroom learning: reli-ability, validity, and logistical practicality. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 36(4), 475–492 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Novak, J.D., Goin, D.B.: Learning how to learn. Cambridge University Press, New York (1984)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Oppermann, R., Specht, M.: A nomadic Information System for Adaptive Exhibition Guidance. In: International Cultural Heritage Meeting (ICHIM), Washington D.C., pp. 103–109 (1999)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ruiz-Primo, M.A.: On the use of concept maps as an assessment tool in science: What we have learned so far. Electronic Journal of Educational Research 2, 29–52 (2000)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schau, C., Mattern, N., Zeilik, M., Teague, K.W.: Select-And-Fill-In Concept Map Scores As a Measure Of Students’ Connected Understanding Of Science. Educational and Psychological Measurement 61(1), 136–158 (2001)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wald, A.: Sequential Analysis. John Wiley & Sons Inc, New York (1947)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Webb, N.M.: Group Composition, Group Interaction, and Achievement in Cooperative Small Group. Journal of Educational Psychology 74(5), 642–655 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bin-Shyan Jong
    • 1
  • Te-Yi Chan
    • 2
  • Yu-Lung Wu
    • 3
  • Tsong-Wuu Lin
    • 4
  1. 1.Dept. of Information & Computer EngineeringChung Yuan Christian UniversityChung-LiTaiwan
  2. 2.Dept. of Electronic EngineeringChung Yuan Christian UniversityChung-LiTaiwan
  3. 3.Dept. of Computer Science & Information EngineeringLeader UniversityTainanTaiwan
  4. 4.Dept. of Computer & Information ScienceSoochow UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations