Monitoring the Experiment Process and Diagnosing the Experiment Mistakes Made by Students with Petri Net Modeling

  • Jyh-Cheng Chang
  • Shao-Chun Li
  • Maiga Chang
  • Jia-Sheng Heh
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3942)


In this paper, Petri net theory is taken into analyzing the Virtual Experiment (VE) in the Virtual Experiment Environment (V.E.E.). After applied the Petri net to V.E.E., the V.E.E. then can monitor the experiment progress and measure the learning effects of students when the students are doing experiment. Petri net is an approach that can be used as a visual-communication aid similar to flow charts, block diagrams, and networks. Therefore, the experiment steps are easily modeled by Petri net. According to the data which is collected by the V.E.E., there are two major error types that a student might make during an experiment. The first error type is the procedural error and the other one is measuring error. In the end of this paper, an experiment system is implemented. There were 72 3 rd year students in junior high school involved in the experiment. In this experiment, we did both of pre-test and post-test in order to make sure the Petri net-enhanced V.E.E. is useful.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Chang, M., Chung, I., Jeng, Y.-W., Heh, J.-S.: A Cooperative and Visualized Environment for Virtual Experiment. In: International Computer Symposium (ICS 1996), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, pp. 16–23 (1996)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chang, M., Kuo, R., Heh, J.-S.: Applying Navigation Mechanism to Virtual Experiment Environment on WWW with XML-style Teaching Materials. In: AACE World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (ED-Media 2001), Tampere, Finland, June 25-30, pp. 257–262 (2001)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chung, I., Chang, M., Heh, J.-S.: SoftLab: A Virtual Experiment Environment on WWW. In: The 6th International Conference on Computer-Assisted Instruction (ICCAI 1997), Taipei, Taiwan, pp. 220–223 (1997)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huang, C.-W., Hsu, C.-K., Chang, M., Heh, J.-S.: Designing an Open Architecture of Agent-based Virtual Experiment Environment on WWW. In: AACE World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (ED-Media 1999), Seattle, WA, USA, June 19-24, pp. 270–275 (1999)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Huang, C.-W., Sun, S.-T., Chang, C.-C., Jan, K.-C., Yang, K.-Y.: Education Software and Hardware. In: 2nd Global Chinese Conference on Computer in Education (GCCCE 1998), Hong-Kong, pp. 50–57 (1998)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jan, K.-C., Jeng, Y.-W., Yang, K.-Y., Heh, J.-S.: Combined Real Experiment and Virtual Experiment on WWW. In: International Symposium on Multimedia Information Processing, Taipei, Taiwan, pp. 521–527 (1997)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jeng, Y.-W., Chang, M., Chung, I., Heh, J.-S.: Designing Objects for Virtual Experiments. In: OOTA 1996, Tainan, Taiwan, pp. 331–339 (1996)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jensen, K.: Colored Petri Nets - Basic concepts, analysis methods and practical use volume 1, 2nd edn. Springer, Heidelberg (1996)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kuo, R., Chang, M., Heh, J.-S.: Applying Interactive Mechanism to Virtual Experiment Environment on WWW with Experiment Action Language. In: IEEE First International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT 2001), Madison, Wisconsin, USA, August 6-8, pp. 289–290 (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Peterson, J.L., Cliffs, E.: Petri net theory and the modeling of systems. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1981)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Petri, C.A.: Kommunikation mit Automaten. Bonn: Institut fur Instrumentelle Mathematik, Schriften des IIM Nr. 2 (1962)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shin, Y.-S.: Virtual experiment environments design for science education. In: Proceedings of Cyberworlds 2003, December 3-5, pp. 388–395 (2003)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tung, S.-H.: Visualizing Evaluation in Scheme (1995)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang, C.-C., Chang, M., Hsu, C.-K., Heh, J.-S.: Visual Lab - A Multimedia Virtual Experiment Environment on WWW. In: AACE World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (ED-Media 2000), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 25- July 1, pp. 1509–1510 (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jyh-Cheng Chang
    • 1
  • Shao-Chun Li
    • 1
  • Maiga Chang
    • 2
  • Jia-Sheng Heh
    • 1
  1. 1.Chung-Yuan Christian UniversityChung LiTaiwan
  2. 2.National Science & Technology Program for e-LearningChung LiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations