Camera Self-localization Using Uncalibrated Images to Observe Prehistoric Paints in a Cave
The fruition of archaeological caves, hardly accessible by visitors, can benefit from a mobile vehicle which transmits to users located outside a continuous stream of images of the cave that can be visually integrated with information and data to increase the fruition and understanding of the site. This application requires self-positioning the vehicle with respect to a target. Preserving the cave imposes the use of natural landmarks as reference points, possibly using uncalibrated techniques. We have applied the modified POSIT algorithm (camera pose estimation method using uncalibrated images) to self-position the robot. To account for the difficulty of evaluating natural landmarks in the cave the tests have been made using a photograph of the prehistoric wall paintings of the archeological cave “Grotta dei Cervi”. The modified version of the POSIT has been compared with the original formulation using a suitably designed grid target. Therefore the performance of the modified POSIT has been evaluated by computing the position of the robot with respect to the target on the base of feature points automatically identified on the picture of a real painting. The results obtained using the experimental tests in our laboratory are very encouraging for the experimentation in the real environment.
KeywordsFeature Point Wall Painting Grid Target Natural Landmark Uncalibrated Image
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