Basic Properties for Sand Automata

  • J. Cervelle
  • E. Formenti
  • B. Masson
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3618)


We prove several results about the relations between injectivity and surjectivity for sand automata. Moreover, we begin the exploration of the dynamical behavior of sand automata proving that the property of ultimate periodicity is undecidable. We believe that the proof technique used for this last result might turn out to be useful for many other results in the same context.


sand automata reversibility undecidability ultimate periodicity 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Cervelle
    • 1
  • E. Formenti
    • 2
  • B. Masson
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut Gaspard MongeUniversité de Marne-la-ValléeMarne-la-Vallée cedex 2France
  2. 2.Laboratoire I3S, Bât. ESSIUniversité de Nice-Sophia AntipolisSophia AntipolisFrance

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