Traceroute-Like Exploration of Unknown Networks: A Statistical Analysis

  • Luca Dall’Asta
  • Ignacio Alvarez-Hamelin
  • Alain Barrat
  • Alexei Vázquez
  • Alessandro Vespignani
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3405)


Mapping the Internet generally consists in sampling the network from a limited set of sources by using traceroute-like probes. This methodology has been argued to introduce uncontrolled sampling biases that might produce statistical properties of the sampled graph which sharply differ from the original ones. Here we explore these biases and provide a statistical analysis of their origin. We derive a mean-field analytical approximation for the probability of edge and vertex detection that allows us to relate the global topological properties of the underlying network with the statistical accuracy of the sampled graph. In particular we show that shortest path routed sampling allows a clear characterization of underlying graphs with scale-free topology. We complement the analytical discussion with a throughout numerical investigation of simulated mapping strategies in different network models.


Short Path Degree Distribution Average Degree Betweenness Centrality Discovery Probability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luca Dall’Asta
    • 1
  • Ignacio Alvarez-Hamelin
    • 1
  • Alain Barrat
    • 1
  • Alexei Vázquez
    • 2
  • Alessandro Vespignani
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique Théorique LPT (UMR du CNRS 8627)Université Paris SudOrsayFrance
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA

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