Reactors for High Solid Loading Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass

  • Jian Zhang
  • Weiliang Hou
  • Jie BaoEmail author
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 152)


The review summarized the types, the geometry, and the design principle of pretreatment reactors at high solid loading of lignocellulose material. Among the reactors used, the explosion reactors and the helical stirring reactors are to be considered as the practical form for high solids loading pretreatment operation; the comminution reactors and the extruder reactors are difficult to be used as an independent unit, but possible to be used in the combined form with other types of reactors. The principles of the pretreatment reactor design at high solid loading were discussed and several basic principles for the design were proposed. This review provided useful information for choosing the reactor types and designing the geometry of pretreatment operation at the high solids loading.

Graphical Abstract


Lignocellulosic biomass High solid loading Pretreatment reactors Mixing Cellulose conversion 



This research was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2011CB707406/2013CB733902), the Natural Science Foundation of China (21306048), the National High-Tech Program of China (2012AA022301/2014AA021901), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (WF1214025).


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor EngineeringEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiChina

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