2 Surprises in a Half Century

  • Ilya Prigogine†
Section I Introduction to Uncertainty and Surprise
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)


Ilya Prigogine participated early in the organization of our meeting and was invited to give a keynote address. Due to poor health he was unable to attend and sent the following remarks, which were read by his close collaborator Gonzalo Ordonez. Dr. Ordonez has written the footnotes to the remarks and the text has been edited by him and Dean Driebe for inclusion in this volume. We deeply appreciate this contribution of the late Professor Prigogine and profoundly regret his passing, which occurred on May 28, 2003.


Symmetry Breaking Bifurcation Point Entropy Production Dissipative Structure Insect Society 
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Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilya Prigogine†
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Studies in Statistical Mechanics and Complex Systems, The University of Texas at Austin 
  2. 2.International Solvay Institutes for Physics and Chemistry, BrusselsBelgium

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