e-Voting: Powerful Symbol of e-Democracy

  • Ella Smith
  • Ann Macintosh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2739)


This paper focuses on an Internet-enabled remote voting system for a young people’s parliament in the Highland region of Scotland. The parliament was established to increase young people’s participation in local government. Two elections have been held to constitute the parliament. For both elections, the International Teledemocracy Centre (ITC) provided e-voting systems. The second system is part of a larger participatory design project, to develop an e-democracy website that serves the parliament and increases participation in a variety of ways. This paper investigates our motives for including e-voting, especially in relation to modernisation. We then evaluate the project and appraise the results according to these motives. While acknowledging the differences between this election and a statutory one, we then look at the relationship between modernisation and e-voting, in the light of our results.


Young People Personal Identification Number Powerful Symbol Electronic Vote Electoral Commission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Macintosh, A., Robson, E., Smith, E., Whyte, A.: Electronic Democracy and Young People. Social Science Computer Review 21(1), 43–54 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Becta: The impact of information and communication technologies on pupil learning and attainment, p. 45. DfES Publications, Nottinghamshire (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Druin, A.: The Role of Children in the Design of New Technology. Behaviour and Information Technology (BIT), 2002 21(1), 1–25 (1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Electoral Commission. Modernising elections: a strategic evaluation of the 2002 electoral pilot schemes. Electoral Commission, London (2002) Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lupia, A., Philpot, T.: More Than Kids Stuff: Can News and Information Web Sites Mobilize Young Adults? In: Paper delivered at the 2002 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, August 29-September 1 (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Henderson, R.D., Smith, M.C., Podd, J., Varela-Alvarez, H.: A comparison of the four prominent user-based methods for evaluating the usability of computer software. Ergonomics 38(10), 2030–2044 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shneiderman, B.: Strategies for effective human-computer interaction, 3rd edn. Addison Wesley Longman, Harlow (1997)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Electoral Commission: Public opinion and the 2002 local elections: findings, p. 2. Electoral Commission, London (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bentley, et al.: The Real Deal – What young people really think about government, politics and social exclusion. DEMOS, London (1999)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Children and Young People’s Unit: Young People and politics: A Report on the YVote? /YNot? Project, pp.15–16. CYPU, London (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Morris, G., Scott, R., Woodward, A.: Polls apart: a future for accessible democracy: An evaluation of the accessibility of the May 2002 electoral pilot voting schemes; report produced by Scope for the Electoral Commission (2002) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pratchett, L., Birch, S., Candy, S., Fairweather, N., Rogerson, S., Stone, V., Watt, B., Wingfield, M.: The implementation of electronic voting in the UK. Chameleon Press Ltd, London (2002) This is also known as the De Montfort ReportGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fairweather, N., Rogerson, S.: Implementation of Electronic Voting in the UK Technical Options Report. Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2002) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ella Smith
    • 1
  • Ann Macintosh
    • 1
  1. 1.International Teledemocracy CentreNapier UniversityEdinburghUK

Personalised recommendations