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4.2 Photovoltaic power generation

4 Solar power
  • A. Goetzberger
Chapter
Part of the Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII Advanced Materials and Technologies book series (volume 3C)

Abstract

This document is part of Subvolume C 'Renewable Energy' of Volume 3 'Energy Technologies' of Landolt-Börnstein Group VIII 'Advanced Materials and Technologies'.

It contains:

4.2 Photovoltaic power generation

4.2.1 Introduction, PV markets

4.2.2 Principles of photovoltaic cells

4.2.3 Potential and relevance of photovoltaic solar energy

4.2.4 Physics of solar cells

4.2.4.1 I/V characteristic

4.2.4.2 Loss mechanisms

4.2.5 Solar cell technology

4.2.5.1 Silicon

4.2.5.1.1 Silicon material

4.2.5.1.2 Cell and module technology

4.2.5.1.2.1 Production of pn- and pp-junctions

4.2.5.1.2.2 Oxidation process

4.2.5.1.2.3 Electrical contacts

4.2.5.1.2.4 Antireflection technologies

4.2.5.1.2.5 Module technology

4.2.5.2 Thin film materials

4.2.5.2.1 Amorphous silicon

4.2.5.2.2 Copper indium diselenide and related compounds

4.2.5.2.3 Cadmium telluride

4.2.5.3 Tandem cells, concentrating systems

4.2.6 Future developments and new materials

4.2.6.1 Crystalline silicon

4.2.6.1.1 Materials technologies

4.2.6.1.2 The silicon supply problem

4.2.6.2 Other materials and concepts

4.2.7 Applications

4.2.7.1 Survey of applications

4.2.7.2 Stand alone systems

4.2.7.3 Grid-connected systems

4.2.8 Cost and energy balance

4.2.8.1 Cost

4.2.8.2 Environmental effects and energy balance

4.2.9 Conclusions

4.2.10 References for 4.2

Keywords

renewable energy electricity power energy technology wind hydropower power plant plant HPP fuel water photovoltaic PV solar sun biomass geothermal soil economic aspects hydro river turbine Francis Kaplan Pelton cavitation head thermal tidal TPP Three Gorge Project sluice weir reservoir pumpwater electric heat hydrocarbon fuel hydrogen heat pump generator pump discharge dam environment bio gas diesel biodiesel ethanol methanol conversion grid radiation silicon conversion efficiency collector storage residues crop combustion bioenergy gasification furnace electrolysis electrolyze photochemical cooling compression carbon dioxide emission oil reforming synthesis fermentation ferment pyrolysis photo alcohol resources earth advection heat capacity thermal conductivity temperature bore hole exchanger hydrothermal pollution regenerative regeneration wood reservoir lining cavern reflector receiver efficiency bio-gas synfuel 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare EnergiesystemeFreiburgGermany

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