Rankings of Directed Graphs
A ranking of a graph is a coloring of the vertex set with positive integers such that on every path connecting two vertices of the same color there is a vertex of larger color. We consider the directed variant of this problem, where the above condition is imposed only on those paths in which all edges are oriented in the same direction. We show that the ranking number of a directed tree is bounded by that of its longest directed path plus one, and that it can be computed in polynomial time. Unlike the undirected case, however, deciding whether the ranking number of a directed (and even of an acyclic directed) graph is bounded by a constant is NP-complete. In fact, the 3-ranking of planar bipartite acyclic digraphs is already hard.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 4.Kratochvíl, J.: Precoloring extension with fixed color bound. Acta Math. Univ. Carolinae 62, 139–153 (1993)Google Scholar
- 5.Kratochvíl, J., Sebö, A.: Coloring precolored perfect graphs. J. Graph Theory 25, 207–215 (1995)Google Scholar
- 6.Lam, T.W., Yue, F.L.: Egde ranking is NP-complete. To appear in Discrete Applied Math.Google Scholar