Advertisement

Abstract

Summary

This document is part of Subvolume B ‘Transition Temperatures and Related Properties of Two-Ring Systems with Bridging Group’ of Volume 7 ‘Liquid Crystals’ of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV Physical Chemistry.

Keywords

Liquid Crystals Transition Temperatures and Related Properties of Two-Ring Systems with Bridging Group 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 88B8.
    Boller, A., Buchecker, R., Fromm, H.-J., Kelly, S., Schadt, M., Villinger, A. (Hoffmann La Roche): EP 268. 198 (11. 11. 87)dagdagspace; CH 86-4.649 (20. 11. 86)dagdagspace; CH 87-3. 505 (10.9.87) (1988).Google Scholar
  2. 88K2.
    Kelly, S. M., Buchecker, R., Schadt, M.: Liq. Cryst. 3, 1115 (1988).Google Scholar
  3. 88K1.
    Keller, P.: Ferroelectrics 85,425 (1988).Google Scholar
  4. 88J1.
    Janulis, E. (Minnesota Minning and Manufacting Company): EP 255.236 (29.6.87)dagdagspace; US 879.988 (30.6.86) (1988).Google Scholar
  5. 88J2.
    Janulis, E. P., Novack, J. C., Papapolymerou, G. A., Tristani-Kendra, M., Huffman, W. A.: Ferroelectrics 85,375 (1988).Google Scholar
  6. 91D1.
    Doi, T., Sakurai, Y., Tamatani, A., Takenaka, S., Kusabayashi, S., Nishihata, Y., Terauchi, H.: J. Mater. Chem. 1,169 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 91D2.
    Doi, T., Takenaka, S., Kusabayashi, S., Nishihata, Y., Terauchi, H.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 204, 9 (1991).Google Scholar
  8. 85T2.
    Taguchi, M., Suenaga, H. (Seiko; Teikoku Chemical Industry): EP 167.328; JP 84-137. 491 (1985).Google Scholar
  9. 84K1.
    Keller, P.: Ferroelectrics 58, 3 (1984).Google Scholar
  10. 86K2.
    Kobayashi, T., Kawashima, H., Tabohashi, T., Sakurai, T., Higuchi, R., Komatsu, E., Takeuchi, K. (Ajinomoto): EP 225. 195; JP 85272.834 (1986).Google Scholar
  11. 87W3.
    Walba, D. M., Razavi, H. A.: US 4.695650 (1987).Google Scholar
  12. 88W2.
    Walba, D. M., Clark, N. A.: Ferroelectrics 84, 65 (1988).Google Scholar
  13. 87M6.
    Mohr, K., Köhler, S., Zaschke, H., Weißflog, W., Paschke, R., Kampa, B., Scherf, K.-D., Schäfer, W., Rosenfeld, U., Tschierske, Bak Gun Yong, Joachimi, Demus, Pelzl, Barth: DDR-WP 300.041; DD 257.638 638 (1987).Google Scholar
  14. 90K4.
    Krause, J., Bartmann, E., Geelhaar, T., Hittich, R. (Merck): DE-OS 3. 915.698 (13.5.89) (1990).Google Scholar
  15. 88N6.
    Nohira, H., Kamel, M., Nakamura, S., Katagiri, K., Terada, M., Yamashita, M., Yamada, Y., Shinjo, K., Iwaki, T., Hioki, C., Yoshida, A., Uchimi, T. (Canon): EP 267.585 (10.11.87)dagdagspace; JP 86-267.044 (10. 11. 86)dagdagspace; JP 87-5.827 (12.1.87)dagdagspace; JP 87-5.829 (12. 1.87)dagdagspace; JP 87-27. 111 (26. 10.87) (1988).Google Scholar
  16. 88W1.
    Walba, D. M., Razavi, H. A., Clark, N. A., Parmar, D. S.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 8686 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 77H1.
    Happ, M., Ringsdorf, H., Finkelmann, H. (BASF): DE-OS 2.722.589 (1977).Google Scholar
  18. 80H1.
    Hardy, G., Cser, F., Nyitrai, K., Samay, G., Kallo, A.: J. Cryst. Growth 48, 191 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 77L6.
    Lorkowski, H.-J., Reuther, F.: Acta Chim. Acad. Sci. Hung. 95,423 (1977).Google Scholar
  20. 80G4.
    Grebneva, V. S., Khodzhaeva, V. L., Shishkina, M. V., Sitnov, A. A., Amerik, Y. B., Konstantinov, 1.1.: Advances in Liquid Crystal Research and Applications, Ed.: L. Bata, 959 (1980).Google Scholar
  21. 82K6.
    Konstantinov, I. I., Grebneva, V. S., Amerik, Y. B., Sitnov, A. A.: Zh. Fiz. Khim. 56, 1675 (1982).Google Scholar
  22. 91K10.
    Krishnamurthy, S., Chen, S. H.: Macromolecules 24, 4472 (1991).Google Scholar
  23. 90S3.
    Scherowsky, G., Müller, U. (Hoechst): DE-OS 3.823.153 (8.7.88) (1990).Google Scholar
  24. 88K8.
    Krücke, B., Schlossarek, M., Zaschke, H.: Acta Polym. 39,607 (1988).Google Scholar
  25. 90S2.
    Scherowsky, G., Schliwa, A. (Hoechst): DE-OS 3.827.601 (13.8.88) (1990).Google Scholar
  26. 87M5.
    Mohr, K., Köhler, S., Worm, K., Pelzl, G., Diele, S., Zaschke, H., Demus, D., Andersson, G., Dahl, I., Lagerwall, S. T., Skarp, K., Stebler, B.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 146, 151; in Part: DDR-WP 279.945; DD 240.386 (1987).Google Scholar
  27. 80F2.
    Finkelmann, H., Rehage, G.: Makromol. Chem., Rapid Commun. 1, 31 (1980).Google Scholar
  28. 81F2.
    Finkelmann, H., Rehage, G., Kollmann, G. (Wacker-Chemie): DE-OS 2.944.591 (5. 11.79) (1981).Google Scholar
  29. 89P4.
    Pesek, J., Cash, T.: Chromatographia 27,559 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 85A3.
    Apfel, M. A., Finkelmann, H., Janini, G. M., Laub, R. J., Lühmann, B.-H., Price, A., Roberts, W. L., Shaw, T. J., Smith, C. A.: Anal. Chem. 57,651 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 87R6.
    Rivas, B. L., Hisgen, B., Schmidt, H. W., Ringsdorf, H.: Bol. Soc. Chil. Quim. 32,143 (1987).Google Scholar
  32. 84A5.
    Aquilera, C., Bemal, L.: Polym. Bull. 12,383 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 88R7.
    Rensch, I.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1988).Google Scholar
  34. 87P2.
    Petrzilka, M., Buchecker, R., Lee-Schmiederer, S., Schadt, M., Germann, A.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 148,123 (1987).Google Scholar
  35. 90K3.
    Kohjiya, S., Ono, A., Kishimoto, T., Yamashita, S., Yanase, H., Asada, T.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 185,183 (1990).Google Scholar
  36. 90S5.
    Schlossarek, M.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1990).Google Scholar
  37. 80A3.
    Aguilera, C., Hisgen, B., Ringsdorf, H., Schneller, A.: Freiburger Arbeitstagung Flüssigkristalle 10, V12 (1980).Google Scholar
  38. 87W4.
    Wolf, M., Wendorff, J. H.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 149, 141 (1987).Google Scholar
  39. 81M6.
    Misaki, S., Takamatsu, S., Suefuji, M., Mitote, T., Matsumura, M.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 66, 123 (1981).Google Scholar
  40. 78T2.
    Titdv, V. V., Zverkova, T. I., Kovshev, E. I., Fialkov, Y. N., Shelazhenko, S. V., Yagupolski, L. M.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 47,1 (1978).Google Scholar
  41. 80Z3.
    Zverkova, T. I., Kovshev, E. I., Mokiyachuk, L. I., Fialkov, Y. A., Yagupolski, L. M.: Advances in Liquid Crystal Research and Applications, Ed.: L. Bata, 991 (1980).Google Scholar
  42. 90C6.
    Coates, D., Greenfield, S., Sage, I. C., Reiffenrath, V., Rieger, B. (Merck): PCT-WO 90/13.610 (27.4.90)dagdagspace; GB 89-09 766 (28.4.89)dagdagspace; GB 89-22.486 (5.10.89) (1990).Google Scholar
  43. 91B2.
    Bartmann, E., Dorsch, D., Finkenzeller, U.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 204, 77 (1991).Google Scholar
  44. 79M3.
    Misaki, S., Mitote, T., Suefuji, M., Matsumura, N. (Daikin Kogyo Co.): DE-OS 2.937.911; JP 78-115. 477: JP 78-144.571 (1979).Google Scholar
  45. 68M1.
    Morgenstem, J., Mayer, R.: Z. Chem. 8,146 (1968).Google Scholar
  46. 53C2.
    Cilento, G.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 3748 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 78G6.
    Grieco, P. A., Yokoyama, Y., Williams, E.: J. Org. Chem. 43, 1283 (1978).Google Scholar
  48. 76R1.
    Reynolds, R. M., Maze, C., Oppenheim, E.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 36,41 (1976).Google Scholar
  49. 77K3.
    Krause, J., Pohl, L. (Merck): DE-OS 2.603.293 (1977).Google Scholar
  50. 84H1.
    Haase, W., Paulus, H., Ibrahim, I. H.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 107,377 (1984).Google Scholar
  51. 7911.
    Ibrahim, 1. H., Haase, W.: J. Phys. (Paris) 40,Suppl. C3, 164 (1979).Google Scholar
  52. 89T7.
    Twieg, R. J., Betterton, K., Nguyen, H. T., Tang, W., Hinsberg, W.: Ferroelectrics 91,243 (1989).Google Scholar
  53. 7021.
    Zhdanov, Y. A., Minkin, V. I., Olekhnovich, L. P., Malysheva, E. N.: Zh. Org. Khim. 6,554 (1970).Google Scholar
  54. 82K5.
    Kohne, B.: Ph. D. Thesis Berlin (1982).Google Scholar
  55. 85E2.
    Era, S., Yokokura, H., Iwasaki, K., Nakata, T., Kitamura, T., Mukoh, A. (Hitachi): EP 162.437; JP 84-102.214; JP 84-101.674 (1985).Google Scholar
  56. 81N1.
    Neubert, M. E., Cline, R. E., Zawaski, M. J., Wildman, P. J., Ekachai, A.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 76, 43 (1981).Google Scholar
  57. 77P2.
    Praefcke, K., Martens, J., Schulze, U., Simon, H., Heppke, G.: Chem.-Ztg. 101,450 (1977).Google Scholar
  58. 91M1.
    Margerum, J. D., van Ast, C. I., Myer, G. D., Smith, W. H.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 198, 29 (1991).Google Scholar
  59. 91N3.
    Neubert, M. E., Shenouda, I. G.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 205, 29 (1991).Google Scholar
  60. 88N4.
    Neubert, M. E., Ziemnicka-Merchant, B., Jirousek, M. R., Laskos, S. J., Leonhardt, D., Sharma, R. B.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 154,209 (1988).Google Scholar
  61. 76K5.
    Kim, Y. B., Seno, M.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 36,293; in Part: Asahi Garasu, Kogyo Gijutsu Shoreikai Kenkyu Hokoku 33,119 (1976).Google Scholar
  62. 83K3.
    Kalkura, A. N., Krishna Prasad, S., Shashidhar, R.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 99,193 (1983).Google Scholar
  63. 85L1.
    Leadbetter, A. J., Tucker, P. A., Gray, G. W., Tajbakhsh, A. R.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Lett. 1, 19 (1985).Google Scholar
  64. 85N1.
    Neubert, M. E.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 129,327 (1985).Google Scholar
  65. 81C2.
    Chrusciel, J., Richter, L., Rachwalska, M.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 75,155 (1981).Google Scholar
  66. 87N3.
    Neubert, M. E., de Vries, A.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 145, 1 (1987).Google Scholar
  67. 79K3.
    Kohne, B., Praefcke, K., Heppke, G., Richter, E. J.: Isr. J. Chem. 18, 199 (1979).Google Scholar
  68. 90N4.
    Neubert, M. E., Sabol-Keasl, S.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 188,67 (1990).Google Scholar
  69. 88N3.
    Neubert, M. E., Colby, C., Ezenyilimba, M. C., Jirousek, M. R., Leonhardt, D., Leung, K.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 154,127 (1988).Google Scholar
  70. 89N3.
    Neubert, M. E., Leonhard, D., Sabol-Keast, S.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 172,227 (1989).Google Scholar
  71. 89N2.
    Neubert, M. E., Leung, K., Laskos, S. J., Ezenyilimba, M. C., Jirousek, M. R., Leonhardt, D., Williams, B. A., Ziemnicka-Merchant, B.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 166, 181 (1989).Google Scholar
  72. 91T4.
    Twieg, R. J., Betterton, K., Hinsberg, W., Wong, P., Tang, W., Nguyen Huu Tinh: Ferroelectrics 114,295 (1991).Google Scholar
  73. 90R5.
    Richter, W., Reimer, D., Fung, B. M., Twieg, R. J., Betterton, K.: Liq. Cryst. 8,687 (1990).Google Scholar
  74. 86Y2.
    Yoshinaga, K., Katagiri, K., Kobayashi, T., Shinjo, K. (Canon): DE-OS 3.629.446; JP 85-193.831; JP 85-284.240 (1986).Google Scholar
  75. 90N1.
    Naijoh, S., Kurotaki, A., Nagai, K. (Showa Denko): DE-OS 3.937.879 (14. 11.89)dagdagspace; JP 88-288. 459 (14. 11.88) (1990).Google Scholar
  76. 79K2.
    Kohne, B., Praefcke, K., Heppke, G.: Isn J. Chem. 18,197 (1979).Google Scholar
  77. 77H4.
    Heppke, G., Martens, J., Praefcke, K., Simon, H.: Angew. Chem. 88,328 (1977).Google Scholar
  78. 23T1.
    Täglich, W.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1923).Google Scholar
  79. 91L2.
    Lorenz, R.: Liq. Cryst. 9, 127 (1991).Google Scholar
  80. 37H1.
    Hickinbotton, W. J.: J. Chem. Soc. 1119 (1937).Google Scholar
  81. 09W1.
    Wilke, R.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1909).Google Scholar
  82. 7411.
    Ikenoya, S., Masui, M., Ohmori, H., Sayo, H.: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. II, 571 (1974).Google Scholar
  83. 12G1.
    Gattermann, L.: Liebigs Ann. Chem. 393,215 (1912).Google Scholar
  84. 22N1.
    Naucke, W.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1922).Google Scholar
  85. 88R9.
    Ruhmann, R., Riibner, J., Rodekirch, G., Zschuppe, V., Nitsche, K., Keil, M. (Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR): DDR-WP 320.983; DD 276.297 (1988).Google Scholar
  86. 08G1.
    Gahren, A.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1908).Google Scholar
  87. 72R3.
    Rondeau, R. E., Berwick, M. A., Steppel, R. N., Serve, M. P.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 94, 1096 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 79G4.
    Gracheva, N. P., Zhdanov, S. I.: Elektrokhimiya 15, 1163 (1979).Google Scholar
  89. 80D7.
    Destrade, C., Nguyen Huu Tinh, Gasparoux, H.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 59,273 (1980).Google Scholar
  90. 87B4.
    Beilstein, F. K.: Handbuch der Organischen Chemie, J. Springer, Berlin (1987).Google Scholar
  91. 82C1.
    Cereghetti, M., Marbet, R., Scheich, K.: Helv. Chim. Acta 65, 1318 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 58T1.
    Tadros, W., Sakla, A. B., Ishak, M. S.: J. Chem. Soc. 4210 (1958).Google Scholar
  93. 75W1.
    Weber, F. G., Westphal, G.: Z. Chem. 15,215 (1975).Google Scholar
  94. 83V1.
    Veber, M., Fugnitto, R., Strezelecka, H.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 96,221 (1983).Google Scholar
  95. 84R4.
    Richter, S.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1984).Google Scholar
  96. 76G2.
    Gray, G. W., Mosley, A.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 37,213 (1976).Google Scholar
  97. 1894B1.
    Buttenberg, W. P.: Liebigs Ann. Chem. 279,324 (1894).Google Scholar
  98. 88T2.
    Takatsu, H., Sasaki, M., Tanaka, Y., Sato, H.: US 4. 726. 910; GB 2.155465 (23.1.85)dagdagspace; JP 84-8.519; JP 84-10.658; JP 84-58.588; JP 84-58.589; JP 84-124.489; JP 84-261.413; US 85-692.570 (1988).Google Scholar
  99. 65T1.
    Tadros, W., Sakla, A. B., Helnry, A. A. A., Khahl, M. K.: J. Chem. Soc. 3994 (1965).Google Scholar
  100. 54T1.
    Tadros, W., Ekladius, L., Sakla, A. B.: J. Chem. Soc. 2351 (1954).Google Scholar
  101. 72Y2.
    Young, W. R., Haller, I., Aviram, A.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 15,311 (1972).Google Scholar
  102. 55D1.
    Dave, J. S., Dewar, M. J. S.: J. Chem. Soc. 4305 (1955).Google Scholar
  103. 53R1.
    Roe, A., Montgomery, J. A.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75,910 (1953).Google Scholar
  104. 68C1.
    Castellano, J. A., Goldmacher, J. E., Barton, L. A., Kane, J. S.: J. Org. Chem. 33, 3501 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 91P2.
    Paventi, M., Hay, A. S.: J. Org. Chem. 56, 5875 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 77D4.
    Destrade, C., Gasparoux, H., Guillon, F.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 40,163 (1977).Google Scholar
  107. 51G1.
    Grammaticakis, P.: Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr. 965 (1951).Google Scholar
  108. 86N2.
    Neubert, M. E., Leung, K., Saupe, W. A.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 135,283 (1986).Google Scholar
  109. 10F2.
    Froelich, E.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1910).Google Scholar
  110. 24F2.
    Fischer, E.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1924).Google Scholar
  111. 82R3.
    Reiffenrath, V., Schneider, F., Sharma, N. K.: Indian J. Chem. 21A, 869 (1982).Google Scholar
  112. 23V1.
    Vorllnder, D.: Z. Phys. Chem. 105,211 (1923).Google Scholar
  113. 24V2.
    Vorländer, D.: Chemische Kristallographie der Flüssigkeiten, Akademische Verlagsgemeinschaft, Leipzig (1924).Google Scholar
  114. 21U1.
    Urban, R.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1921).Google Scholar
  115. 67D1.
    Dave, J. S., Lohar, J. M.: J. Chem. Soc. A1473 (1967).Google Scholar
  116. 09H1.
    Huth, M. E.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1909).Google Scholar
  117. 76B1.
    Bernstein, J., Izak, I.: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. II, 429 (1976).Google Scholar
  118. 66D3.
    Dave, J. S., Vasanth, K. L.: Mol. Cryst. 2,125; Liquid Crystals, Ed. Brown, G. H., Dienes, G. J., Labes, M. M., 385 (1966).Google Scholar
  119. 38V1.
    Vorllnder, D.: Ber. Dtsch Chem. Ges. 71, 501 (1938).Google Scholar
  120. 08M1.
    Meye, O.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1908).Google Scholar
  121. 69D1.
    Dave, J. S., Patel, P. R., Vasanth, K. L.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 8, 93 (1969).Google Scholar
  122. 66D4.
    Dave, J. S., Patel, P. R., Vasanth, K. L.: Indian J. Chem. 4,505 (1966).Google Scholar
  123. 83J2.
    Janini, G. M., Hovakeemian, G. H., Katrib, A., Fitzpatrick, N. J., Attari, S.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 90,271 (1983).Google Scholar
  124. 24H1.
    Haberland, U.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1924).Google Scholar
  125. 89G5.
    Griffin, A. C., Vaidya, S. R.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 173,85 (1989).Google Scholar
  126. 91M2.
    McCulloch, I. A., Bailey, R. T.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 200, 157 (1991).Google Scholar
  127. 91S4.
    Sugiyama, K., Kato, K., Shiraishi, K.: Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 64, 1652 (1991).Google Scholar
  128. 59R1.
    Ringsdorf, H., Greber, G.: Makromol. Chem. 31, 50 (1959).Google Scholar
  129. 80T3.
    Talnelapostropirozeneldot R. V., Sinitzyn, V. V., Shibaev, V. P., Plate, N. A.: Advances in Liquid Crystal Research and Applications, Ed.: L. Bata, 915 (1980).Google Scholar
  130. 86M2.
    Merck: Produkt-Information (1986).Google Scholar
  131. 20M1.
    Meissner, 0.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1920).Google Scholar
  132. 72M3.
    Masui, M., Ohmodi, H.: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. II, 1882 (1972).Google Scholar
  133. 66D5.
    Dave, J. S., Lohar, J. M.: Indian J. Chem. 4,386 (1966).Google Scholar
  134. 91M3.
    Miyajima, S., Enomoto, T., Kusanagi, T., Chiba, T.: Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 64, 1679 (1991).Google Scholar
  135. 90J1.
    Jin, J.-I., Kim, H.-S., Shin, J.-W., Chung, B. Y., Jo, B.-W.: Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 11,209 (1990).Google Scholar
  136. 07H1.
    Hansen, P.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1907).Google Scholar
  137. 24K1.
    Knudsen, W.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1924).Google Scholar
  138. 70F1.
    Flannery, J. B., Haas, W.: J. Phys. Chem. 74, 3611 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 74P2.
    Perplies, E., Ringsdorf, H., Wendorff, J. H.: Makromol. Chem. 175,553 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 76H2.
    Hsu, E. C., Lim, L. K., Blumstein, R. B., Blumstein, A.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 33,35 (1976).Google Scholar
  141. 74S1.
    Strzelecki, L., Liebert, L., Vacogne, D.: Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr. 2849 (1974).Google Scholar
  142. 11S1.
    Stoltzenberg, H.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1911).Google Scholar
  143. 90D5.
    Dorsch, D., Weber, G., Plach, H. (Merck): PCT-WO 90/01.021 (14. 7.89)dagdagspace; DE-OS 3.825.424 (27.7.88) (1990).Google Scholar
  144. 77H3.
    Heppke, G., Oestreicher, F.: Z. Naturforsch. 32a, 899 (1977).Google Scholar
  145. 78D4.
    Deutscher, H.-J., Laaser, B., Dolling, W., Schubert, H.: J. Prakt. Chem. 320, 191 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 91N1.
    Neubert, M. E., Sharma, R. B., Citano, C., Jirousek, M. R., Paulin, J. L.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 196,145 (1991).Google Scholar
  147. 81V3.
    Vora, R. A., Gupta, R.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 67,215 (1981).Google Scholar
  148. 79C2.
    Choe, E-W., Mininni, R.: Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 49, 133 (1979).Google Scholar
  149. 22K1.
    Kiihnemann, R.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1922).Google Scholar
  150. 20L1.
    Leister, W.: Ph. D. Thesis Halle (1920).Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Vill

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations