Advertisement

Wetlands And Riparian Buffer Zones In Landscape Functioning

  • Ü. Mander
  • K. Kimmel
Chapter
  • 2.7k Downloads

Abstract

According to the main landscape functions - productional (economic), regulatory (ecological), and social (informative) functions - the role of wetlands and riparian buffers regarding landscape functioning is analysed. An analysis of the literature and authors’ earlier research results and experience has been used to highlight these functions. Special focus is devoted to the regulation of nutrient fluxes by wetlands and riparian buffer zones at landscape level. Examples from Estonia are used to illustrate the relevance of wetlands and riparian buffers in landscapes.

Keywords

Buffer Zone Riparian Buffer Riparian Forest Overland Flow Buffer Strip 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arheimer, B. and Wittgren, H.-B. (1994). Modeling the effects of wetlands on regional nitrogen transport Ambio, 23, 378-386Google Scholar
  2. Bastian, O. and Schreiber, K.-F. (Hrsgb.) (1994). Analyse und Ökologische Bewertung der Landschaft Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart, 425 SGoogle Scholar
  3. Bildstein, K.L, Bancroft, G.T., Dugan, P.J., Gordon, D.H., Erwin, R.M., Nol, E., Payne, L.X. and Senner, S.E. (1991). Approaches to the conservation and coastal wetlands in the Western Hemisphere. Wilson Bull., 103 (2), 218-254Google Scholar
  4. Bobrowski, U. and Böttger, K. (1983). Changes in vegetation of the Schierensee brook (Nature Park Westensee, Schleswig-Holstein) caused by planting trees. Landschaft + Stadt, 15, 60-71. (In German with English summary)Google Scholar
  5. Böttger, K. (1978). Ökologischer Gewässerschutz eines Norddeutschen Tieflandbaches. Erste Gestaltungsmaβnahmen am Wiesenabschnitt des Unteren Schierenseebaches im Naturpark Westensee, Schleswig-Holstein. Schr.Naturw. Ver. Schlesw.-Holst., 48: 1-12Google Scholar
  6. Brinson, M.M. and Malvarez, A.I. (2002). Temperate freshwater wetlands: types, status, and threats Environ. Conserv. 29 (2), 115-133Google Scholar
  7. Bullock, A. and Acreman, M. (2003). The role of wetlands in the hydrological cycle. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7 (3), 358-359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cooper, J.R., Gilliam, J.W., Daniels, R.B. and Robarge, W.P. (1987). Riparian areas as filters for agricultural sediment. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 51, 416-420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Correll, D.L. 2005. Principles of planning and establishment of buffer zones. Ecological Engineering, 24 (5), 433-439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Costanza, R., d’Arge, R., de Groot, R.S., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Naeem, S., O’Neill, R., Paruelo, J., Raskins, R., Sutton, B. and van den Belt, M. (1997). The value of the worlds ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, 387 (6630), 253-260Google Scholar
  11. Cunnane, S.C. 2005. Survival of the Fattest: The Key to Human Brain Evolution. World Scientific Publishing Company, 368 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Dawson, F.H. and Kern-Hansen, U. (1979). The effect of natural and artificial shade on the macrophytes of lowland streams and the use of shade as a management technique. Int. Revue Ges. Hydrobiol. 64, 437-455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. De Groot, R.S. (1992). Functions of Nature: Evaluation of Nature in Environmental Planning, Management and Decision-Making. Wolters Noordhoff BV, Groningen, the Netherlands, 345 ppGoogle Scholar
  14. Devito, K.J., Dillon, P.J. and Lazerte, B.D. (1989). Phosphorus and nitrogen retention in five Precambrian shield wetlands. Biogeochemistry, 8, 185-204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dillaha, T.A., Sherrard, J.H., Lee, D, Mostaghimi, S. and Shanholtz, V.O. (1988). Evaluation of vegetated filter strip as a best management practice for feed lots .J. Water Pollut. Control Fed., 60, 1231-1238Google Scholar
  16. Doyle, R.C., Stanton, G.C. and Wolf, D.C. (1977). Effectiveness of Forest and Grass Buffer Strip in Improving the Water Quality of Manure-Polluted Runoff. ASAE Paper No 77-2501, St Joseph, MI, 32 ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Fleischer, S., Stibe, L. and Leonardson, L. (1991). Restoration of wetlands as a means of reducing nitrogen transport to coastal waters. Ambio, 20, 271-272Google Scholar
  18. Goetz, S.J. (2006). Remote sensing of riparian buffers: Past progress and future prospects. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 42 (1), 133-143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Groffmann. P.M., Axelrod, E.A., Lemunyon, J.L. and Sullivan, W.M. (1991). Denitrification in grass and forest vegetated filter strips. Journal of Environmental Quality, 20, 671-674CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Haycock, N. and Pinay, G. (1993). Nitrate retention in grass and poplar vegetated riparian buffer strips during the winter. Journal of Environmental Quality, 22, 273-278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jespersen, D.N., Sorrell, B.K. and Brix, H. (1998). Growth and root oxygen release by Typha latifolia and its effects on sediment methanogenesis. Aquatic Botany, 61 (3), 165-180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jordan, T.E., Correll, D.L. and Weller, D.E. (1992). Nutrient interception by riparian forest receiving inputs from adjacent cropland. Journal of Environmental Quality, 22, 467-473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jorga, W. and Weise, G. (1977). Growth of submerged macrophytes in slowly running waters related to oxygen balance. Int. Revue Ges. Hydrobiol., 62, 209-234Google Scholar
  24. Jorga, W., Heym, W. and Weise, G. (1982). Shading as a measure to prevent mass development of submersed macrophytes. Int. Revue Ges. Hydrobiol., 67, 271-281Google Scholar
  25. Slack, K.V. and Feltz, H.R. (1968). Tree leaf control on low flow water quality in a small Virginia stream. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2, 126-131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kadlec, R.H. and Knight, R.L. (1996). Treatment Wetlands. CRC Press/Lewis Publishers, New York, 839 pGoogle Scholar
  27. Kerstetter, D.L., Hou, J.S. and Lin, C.H. (2004). Profiling Taiwanese ecotourists using a behavioral approach. Tourism Management, 25 (4), 491-498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Knauer, N. and Mander, Ü. (1989). Untersuchungen Über die Filterwirkung verschiedener Saumbiotope an Gewässern in Schleswig-Holstein. 1. Mitteilung: Filterung von Stickstoff und Phosphor. Z. f. Kulturtechnik und Landentwicklung, 30, 365-376Google Scholar
  29. Knauer, N. und Mander, Ü. (1990). Untersuchungen Über die Filterwirkung verschiedener Saumbiotope an Gewässern in Schleswig-Holstein. 2. Mitteilung: Filterung von Schwermetallen. Z.f. Kulturtechnik und Landentwicklung, 31, 52-57Google Scholar
  30. Krause, A. (1977). On the effect of marginal tree rows with respect of the management of small lowland streams. Aquat. Bot., 3, 185-192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kuresoo, A. (1996). Vertebrates of floodplain meadows. In Leibak, E., Lutsar, L. (Eds.) Estonian Coastal and Floodplain Meadows (pp. 57-60). Eestimaa Looduse FondGoogle Scholar
  32. Kuusemets, V. and Mander, Ü. (1999). Ecotechnological measures to control nutrient losses from catchments. Water Science and Technology, 40 (10), 195-202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kuusemets, V., Mander, Ü., L\ {o}hmus, K. and Ivask, M. (2001). Nitrogen and phosphorus variation in shallow groundwater and assimilation in plants in complex riparian buffer zones. Water Science and Technology, \textbf44 (11-12), 615–622Google Scholar
  34. Lohmeyer, W. and Krause, A. (1975). Über die Auswirkungen des Gehölzbewuchses an kleinen wasserläufen des MÜnsterlandes auf die Vegetation im Wasser und an den Böschungen im Hinblick auf die Unterhaltung der Gewässer. Schriftenreihe fÜr Vegetationskunde 9: 1-105Google Scholar
  35. Lovell, S.T. and Sullivan, W.C. (2006). Environmental benefits of conservation buffers in the United States: Evidence, promise, and open questions. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 112 (4), 249-260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lowrance, R.R., Todd, R., Fail, J., Hendrickson, O., Leonard, R. and Asmussen, L. (l984). Riparian forest as nutrient filters in agricultural watersheds. BioScience ,34, 374-377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lowrance, R.R., Altier, L.S., Newbold, J.D., Schnabel, L.L., Groffman, P.M., Denver, J.M., Correll, D.L., Gilliam, J.W., Robinson, J.W., Brinsfield, R.B., Staver, K.W., Lucas, W. and Todd, A.H (1997). Water quality functions of riparian forest buffers in Chesapeake Bay watershed Environmental Management, 21 (5), 687-712PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Magette, W.L., Brinsfield, R.B., Palmer, R.E. and Wood, J.D. (1989). Nutrient and sediment removal by vegetated filter strips. Trans. ASAE, St. Joseph, Mich., 32, 663-627Google Scholar
  39. Mander, Ü. (1991). Eco-engineering methods to control nutrient losses from agricultural watersheds. In Brandt, J. (Ed.) Proceedings of European Seminar of IALE on Practical Landscape Ecology (pp. 53- 64), Roskilde, Denmark, May, 2-4, 1991. v. IVGoogle Scholar
  40. Mander, Ü. (1995). Riparian buffer zones and buffer strips on stream banks: Dimensioning and efficiency assessment from catchments in Estonia. In Eiseltová, M. and Biggs, J. (Eds.) Restoration of Stream Ecosystems (pp. 45-64). IWRB Publication No 37, Slimbridge, Gloucester, UKGoogle Scholar
  41. Mander, Ü., Hayakawa, Y. and Kuusemets, V. (2005a). Purification processes, ecological functions, planning and design of riparian buffer zones in agricultural watersheds. Ecological Engineering, 24 (5), 421-432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mander, Ü., Kuusemets, V., Lõhmus, K. and Mauring, T. (1997). Efficiency and dimensioning of riparian buffer zones in agricultural catchments. Ecological Engineering, 8: 299-324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mander Ü., Lõhmus, K., Kuusemets, V., Ivask, M., Teiter, S. and Augustin, J. (2005b). Budgets of nitrogen and phosphorus fluxes in riparian grey alder forest. In Vymazal, J. (Ed.) Natural and Constructed Wetlands: Nutrients, Metals and Management (pp. 1-19). Backhuys Publishers, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  44. Mander, Ü. and Mauring, T. (1994). Nitrogen and phosphorus retention in natural ecosystems. In Ryszkowski, L. and Balazy, S. (Eds.) Functional Appraisal of Agricultural Landscape in Europe (EUROMAB and INTECOL Seminar 1992, pp. 77-94). Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Pol. Acad. Sci. PoznanGoogle Scholar
  45. Mander, Ü. and Mauring, T. (1997). Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in Estonia. Water Science and Technology, 35, 323-330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Mander, Ü. and Palang, H. (1999). Landscape changes in Estonia: reasons, processes, and consequences In R. Krönert, J. Baudry, I.R. Bowler and A. Reenberg (Eds.), Land-Use Changes and Their Environmental Impact in Rural Areas in Europe (pp. 165-187). MAB Series, Vol. 24. The Parthenon Publishing Group, ParisGoogle Scholar
  47. Mander, Ü., Strandberg, M., Mauring, T. and Remm, K. (2001). Wetlands as essential basis for sustainable development: Estonian case. In Villacampa, Y., Brebbia, C.A. and Uso, J.-L. (Eds.) Ecosystems and Sustainable Development III (pp. 459-467), WIT Press, Southampton and BostonGoogle Scholar
  48. Masing, V., Paal, J. and Kuresoo, A. (2000). Biodiversity of Estonian wetlands. In Gopal, B., Junk W.J and Davis, J.A. (Eds.), Biodiversity in Wetlands: Assessment, Function and Conservation. Vol 1 (pp 259-279). Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  49. Mauring, T. (2003). The use of reed and cattail produced in constructed wetlands as building material. In: Mander, Ü., Vohla, C. and Poom, A. (Eds.) Constructed and Riverine Wetlands for Optimal Control of Wastewater at Catchment Scale. Publicationes Instituti Geographici Universitatis Tartuensis, 94, pp. 286-288Google Scholar
  50. Meier, K., Kuusemets, V., Luig, J., and Mander, Ü. (2005). Riparian buffer zones as elements of ecological networks: Case study on Parnassius mnemosyne distribution in Estonia. Ecological Engineering, 24 (5), 531-537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Mitsch, W.J. and Gosselink, J.G. (2000). Wetlands, 3rd Edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 936 pGoogle Scholar
  52. Moore, P.D. (2002). The future of cool temperature bogs. Environmental Conservation, 29 (1), 3-20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Naiman, R.J., Decamps, H. and McClain, M.E. (2005). Riparia: Ecology, Conservation, and Management of Streamside Communities. Academic Press, London, 448 ppGoogle Scholar
  54. Niemann, E. (1963). Die natÜrliche Ufervegetation in ihrer Bedeutung fÜr Uferbepflanzung und ingenieurbiologische Maβnahmen. Z. Landeskultur, 4, 187-206Google Scholar
  55. Öövel, M. (2006). Performance of Wastewater Treatment Wetlands in Estonia. PhD Thesis. University of Tartu Press, 148 ppGoogle Scholar
  56. Osborne, L.L. and Kovacic, D.A. (1993). Riparian vegetated buffer strips in water-quality restoration and stream management. Freshwater Biology, 29: 243-258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Paal, J. (1998). Rare and threatened plant communities of Estonia. Biodiversity and Conservation, 7, 1027-1049Google Scholar
  58. Paal, J. (2004). Estonia’s Habitats Valuable for Europe Euroopas Väärtustatud Elupaigad Eestis Ministry of Environment. (In Estonian)Google Scholar
  59. Pedmanson, R. (1996). Invertebrates of floodplain meadows. In Leibak, E. and Lutsar, L. (Eds.) Estonian Coastal and Floodplain Meadows (pp. 61-64). Eestimaa Looduse FondGoogle Scholar
  60. Peterjohn, W.T. and Correll, D.L. (1984). Nutrient dynamics in an agricultural watershed: observations on the role of a riparian forest. Ecology, 65, 1466-1475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Pinay, G., Roques, L. and Fabre, A. (1993). Spatial and temporal patterns of denitrification in a riparian forest. Journal of Applied Ecology, 30, 581-591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Richardson, C.J. (1985). Mechanisms controlling phosphorus retention capacity in freshwater wetlands Science, 228 (i>4706): 1424-1427PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Richardson, C.J. and Marshall, P.E. (1986). Processes controlling movement, storage, and export of phosphorus in a fen peatland. Ecological Monographs, 56 (4), 279-302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Robertson, G.P. and Tiedje, J.M. (1984). Denitrification and nitrous oxide production in successional and old-growth Michigan forests. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 48 (2). 383-389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Sjöberg, K. and Ericson, L. (1992). Forested and open wetland complexes. In Hansson, L. (Ed.) Ecological Principles of Nature Conservation. Applications in Temperate and Boreal Environments (pp. 326-351). Elsevier, London, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  66. Smardon, R.C. (2006). Heritage values and functions of wetlands in Southern Mexico. Landscape and Urban Planning, 74 (3-4), 296-312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Turner, R.E. (1997). Wetland loss in the northern Gulf of Mexico: Multiple working hypotheses Estuaries, 20 (1), 1-13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Vanek, V. (1991). Riparian zone as source of phosphorus for a groundwater-dominated lake. Water Research, 25, 409- 418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Verhoeven, J.T.A., Arheimer, B, Yin, C.Q. and Hefting, M.M. (2006). Regional and global concerns over wetlands and water quality. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 21 (2), 96-103PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Vitousek, P.M. and Howarth, R.W. (1991). Nitrogen limitation on land and sea: how can it occur? Biogeochemistry, 13, 87-115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Vought, L.B.-M., Dahl, J., Pedersen, C.L. and Lacoursière, J.O. (1994). Nutrient retention in riparian ecotones. Ambio, 23, 342-348Google Scholar
  72. Vymazal, J. (2001). Types of Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment: Their Potential for Nutrient Removal. In Vymazal, J. (Ed.), Transformations of Nutrients in Natural and Constructed Wetlands (pp. 1-93). Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  73. Wassen, M.J., Venterink, H.O., Lapshina, E.D. and Tanneberger, F. (2005). Endangered plants persist under phosphorus limitation. Nature, 437 (7058), 550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Wild, U. Lenz, A. Kamp, T. Heinz, S. and Pfadenhauer, J. (2002). Vegetation development, nutrient removal and trace gas fluxes in Typha wetlands. Mander, Ü. and Jenssen, P.D. (Eds.), Natural Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment in Cold Climate. Advances in Ecological Sciences, Vol. 12 (pp 101-125). WIT Press, Southampton, BostonGoogle Scholar
  75. Young, R.A., Huntrods, T. and Anderson, W. (1980). Effectiveness of vegetated buffer strips in controlling pollution from feedlot runoff . Journal of Environmental Quality, 9, 483-487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Zedler, J.B. and Kercher, S. (2005). Wetland resources: Status, trends, ecosystem services, and restorability. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 30, 39-74CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ü. Mander
    • 1
  • K. Kimmel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyUniversity of Tartu

Personalised recommendations