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Recent Developments in the Treatment of Diabetes Type 2

  • Jan O. Nehlin
Chapter
  • 919 Downloads

Abstract

Diabetes type 2 (T2DM) is a life-long metabolic disease that develops commonly in adulthood as a consequence of an unhealthy life style and genetic predisposition. T2DM is the most common form of diabetes, resulting from both insulin resistances in target organs and insufficient insulin production from pancreas beta cells. T2DM is characterized by increased plasma glucose and insulin levels as well as dyslipidemia. If left untreated chronic diseases will develop that result in a higher mortality risk. ∈dent The prevalence of type 2 diabetes worldwide has increased dramatically in recent times in part due to changes in diet and physical activity levels. Also, several genes underlying monogenic forms of diabetes as well as polymorphic variants have been identified that can contribute to the etiology of the disease. ∈dent A number of treatment strategies exist for T2DM that tackle several of the symptoms. Anti-obesity drugs and PPAR agonists are likely to become efficient pharmacological remedies to prevent further health problems in individuals with T2DM

Keywords

diabetes type 2 obesity hyperinsulinemia dyslipidemia hyperglycemia PPAR agonists thiazolidinediones 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan O. Nehlin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical ImmunologyOdense University Hospital & University of Southern Denmark5000 Odense

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