The Magnetosheath

  • E. A. Lucek
  • D. Constantinescu
  • M. L. Goldstein
  • J. Pickett
  • J. L. Pinçon
  • F. Sahraoui
  • R. A. Treumann
  • S. N. Walker
Part of the Space Sciences Series of ISSI book series (SSSI, volume 20)


Solar Wind Solitary Wave Mirror Mode Cluster Spacecraft Mirror Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alexandrova, O., A. Mangeney, M. Maksimovic, C. Lacombe, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, E. A. Lucek, P. M. E. Décréau, J. M. Bosqued, P. Travnicek, and A. N. Fazakerley: 2004, ‘Cluster observations of finite amplitude Alfvén waves and small-scale magnetic filaments downstream of a quasiperpendicular shock’. J. Geophys. Res. 109, A05207, doi: 10.1029/2003JA010056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, B., S. A. Fuselier, S. P. Gary, and R. E. Denton: 1994, ‘Magnetic spectral signatures in the Earth’s magnetosheath and plasma depletion layer’. J. Geophys. Res. 99, 5877–5891.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Armstrong, T. P., M. E. Pesses, and R. B. Decker: 1985, ‘Shock drift acceleration’. In: B. T. Tsurutani and R. G. Stone (eds.): Collisionless shocks in the heliosphere: reviews of current research, AGU Monograph Series 35. Washington, D.C.: Amer. Geophys. Union, pp. 271–285.Google Scholar
  4. Balikhin, M. A. and M. E. Gedalin: 1993, ‘Comparative analysis of different methods for distinguishing temporal and spatial variations’. In: Proc. of START Conf., Aussois, France, Vol. ESA WPP 047. pp. 183–187.Google Scholar
  5. Balikhin, M. A., O. A. Pokhotelov, S. N. Walker, E. Amata, M. Andre, M. Dunlop, and H. S. K. Alleyne: 2003, ‘Minimum variance free wave identification: Application to Cluster electric field data in the magnetosheath’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(10), 1508, doi:10.1029/2003GL016918.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Balogh, A., C. M. Carr, M. H. Acuña, M. W. Dunlop, T. J. Beek, P. Brown, K.-H. Fornaçon, E. Georgescu, K.-H. Glassmeier, J. Harris, G. Musmann, T. Oddy, and K. Schwingenschuh: 2001, ‘The Cluster Magnetic Field Investigation: overview of in-flight performance and initial results’. Ann. Geophys. 19, 1207–1217.ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Baumjohann, W. and R. A. Treumann: 1996, Basic space plasma physics. London: Imperial College Press.Google Scholar
  8. Baumjohann, W., R. A. Treumann, E. Georgescu, G. Haerendel, K.-H. Fornaçon, and U. Auster: 1999, ‘Waveform and packet structure of lion roars’. Ann. Geophys. 17, 1528–1534.ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Bell, A. R.: 1978, ‘The acceleration of cosmic rays in shock fronts’. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 182, 147–156 and 443–455.ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Bernstein, I. B., J. M. Greene, and M. D. Kruskal: 1957, ‘Exact nonlinear plasma oscillations’. Phys. Rev. 108, 546–550.MathSciNetCrossRefADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  11. Brinca, A. L., N. Sckopke, and G. Paschmann: 1990, ‘Wave excitation downstream of the low-beta, quasi-perpendicular bow shock’. J. Geophys. Res. 95, 6331–6335.ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Cattell, C., C. Neiman, J. Dombeck, J. Crumley, J. Wygant, C. A. Kletzing, W. K. Peterson, F. S. Mozer, and M. Andre: 2003, ‘Large amplitude solitary waves in and near Earth’s magnetosphere, magnetopause and bow shock: Polar and Cluster observations’. Nonlinear Proc. Geophys. 10, 13–26.ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Chandrasekhar, S., A. N. Kaufman, and K. M. Watson: 1958, ‘The stability of the pinch’. Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 245, 435–455.MathSciNetADSzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. Chen, L.-J., D. J. Thouless, and J.-M. Tang: 2004, ‘Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal solitary waves in three-dimensional magnetized plasma’. Phys. Rev. E 69, 055401-1–055401-4.MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Chisham, G., D. Burgess, S. J. Schwartz, and M. W. Dunlop: 1998, ‘Observations of electron distributions in magnetosheath mirror mode waves’. J. Geophys. Res. 103, 26765–26774.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Constantinescu, O. D.: 2002, ‘Self-consistent model for mirror structures’. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 64, 645–649.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. Constantinescu, O. D., K.-H. Glassmeier, R. Treumann, and K.-H. Fornaçon: 2003, ‘Magnetic mirror structures observed by Cluster in the magnetosheath’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1802, doi:10.1029/2003GL017313.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, N., G. Chanteur, S. Perraut, L. Rezeau, P. Robert, A. Roux, C. Villedary, P. Canu, M. Maksimovic, Y. Conchy, D. Lacombe, F. Lefeuvre, M. Parrot, J. Pinçon, P. Décréau, C. Harvey, P. Louarn, O. Santolík, H. Alleyne, M. Roth, T. Chust, O. Contel, and The Staff Investigator Team: 2003, ‘First results obtained by the Cluster STAFF experiment’. Ann. Geophys. 21, 437–456.ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, N., P. Chauveau, S. Louis, A. Meyer, J. M. Nappa, S. Perraut, R. L., P. Robert, A. Roux, C. De Villedary, Y. De Conchy, L. Friel, C. C. Harvey, D. Hubert, C. Lacombe, R. Manning, F. Wouters, F. Lefeuvre, M. Parrot, J. L. Pincon, B. Poirier, W. Kofman, P. Louarn, and The Staff Investigator Team: 1997, ‘The Cluster Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Field Fluctuations (STAFF) Experiment’. Space Sci. Rev.. 79, 107–136.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. Crooker, N. U. and G. L. Siscoe: 1977, ‘A mechanism for pressure anisotropy and mirror instability in the dayside magnetosheath’. J. Geophys. Res. 82, 185–186.ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Denton, R. E., S. P. Gary, B. Anderson, S. A. Fuselier, and M. K. Hudson: 1994, ‘Low frequency magnetic spectra in the magnetosheath and plasma depletion layer’. J. Geophys. Res. 99, 5893–5901.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. Denton, R. E., S. P. Gary, X. Li, B. J. Anderson, J.W. Labelle, and M. Lessard: 1995, ‘Low-frequency fluctuations in the magnetosheath near the magnetopause’. J. Geophys. Res. 100, 5665–5679.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. Dubouloz, N., R. A. Treumann, R. Pottelette, and M. Malingre: 1993, ‘Turbulence generated by a gas of electron acoustic solitons’. J. Geophys. Res. 98(A10), 17415–17422, 10.1029/93JA01611.ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. Dudok de Wit, T., V. V. Krasnosel’skikh, S. D. Bale, M. W. Dunlop, H. Lühr, S. J. Schwartz, and L. J. C. Woolliscroft: 1995, ‘Determination of dispersion relations in quasi-stationary plasma turbulence using dual satellite data’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 2653–2656.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. Eastwood, J., E. A. Lucek, C. Mazelle, K. Meziane, Y. Narita, J. Pickett, R. Treumann, and P. Décréau: 2005, ‘The Foreshock’. Space Sci. Rev. this issue.Google Scholar
  26. Ergun, R. E., C. W. Carlson, J. P. McFadden, F. S. Mozer, G. T. Delory, W. Peria, C. Chaston, M. Temerin, I. Roth, I. Muschietti, R. Elphic, R. Strangeway, R. Pfaff, C. A. Cattell, D. Klumpar, E. Shelley, W. Peterson, E. Moebius, and L. Kistler: 1998, ‘FAST satellite observations of large amplitude solitary structures’. Geophys Res. Lett. 25, 2041–2044.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Franz, J. A., P. M. Kintner, and J. S. Pickett: 1998, ‘POLAR observations of coherent electric field structures’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 1277–1280.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. Gary, S. P., P. D. Convery, R. E. Denton, S. A. Fuselier, and B. J. Anderson: 1994, ‘Proton and helium cyclotron anisotropy instability thresholds in the magnetosheath’. J. Geophys. Res. 99, 5915–5921.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Glassmeier, K.-H., U. Motschmann, M. Dunlop, A. Balogh, M. H. Acuña, C. Carr, G. Musmann, K.-H. Fornaçon, K. Schweda, J. Vogt, E. Georgescu, and S. Buchert: 2001, ‘Cluster as a wave telescope-first results from the fluxgate magnetometer’. Ann. Geophys. 19, 1439–1447.ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Gleaves, D. G. and D. J. Southwood: 1991, ‘Magnetohydrodynamic fluctuations in the earth’s magnetosheath at 1500 LT-ISEE 1 and ISEE 2’. J. Geophys. Res. 96, 129–142.ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. Goldstein, B. E., E. J. Smith, A. Balogh, T. S. Horbury, M. L. Goldstein, and D. A. Roberts: 1995, ‘Properties of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in the solar wind as observed by Ulysses at high heliographic latitudes’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 3393–3396.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Gurnett, D. A., L. A. Frank, and R. P. Lepping: 1976, ‘Plasma waves in the distant magnetotail’. J. Geophys. Res. 81, 6059–6071.ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. Gurnett, D. A., R. L. Huff, and D. L. Kirchner: 1997, ‘The Wide-Band Plasma Wave Investigation’. Space Sci. Rev. 79, 195–208.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. Gustafsson, G., R. Bostrom, B. Holback, G. Holmgren, A. Lundgren, K. Stasiewicz, L. Ahlen, F. S. Mozer, D. Pankow, P. Harvey, P. Berg, R. Ulrich, A. Pedersen, R. Schmidt, A. Butler, A. W. C. Fransen, D. Klinge, C.-G. Falthammar, P.-A. Lindqvist, S. Christenson, J. Holtet, B. Lybekk, T. A. Sten, P. Tanskanen, K. Lappalainen, and J. Wygant: 1997, ‘The Electric Field and Wave Experiment for the Cluster mission’. Space Sci. Rev. 79, 137–156.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. Hasegawa, A.: 1969, ‘Drift mirror instability in the magnetosphere’. Phys. Fluids 12, 2642–2650.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. Hill, P., G. Paschmann, R. A. Treumann, W. Baumjohann, N. Sckopke, and H. Lühr: 1995, ‘Plasma and magnetic field behavior across the magnetosheath near local noon’. J. Geophys. Res. 100, 9575–9584.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. Horbury, T. S. and A. Balogh: 1997, ‘Structure function measurements of the intermittent MHD turbulent cascade’. Nonlinear Proc. Geophys. 4, 185–199.ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. Horbury, T. S., A. Balogh, R. J. Forsyth, and E. J. Smith: 1995, ‘Observation of evolving turbulence in the polar solar wind’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 3401–3404.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. Horbury, T. S., E. A. Lucek, A. Balogh, I. Dandouras, and H. Rème: 2004, ‘Motion and orientation of magnetic field dips and peaks in the terrestrial magnetosheath’. J. Geophys. Res. 109(A18), doi:10.1026/2003JA0101237.Google Scholar
  40. Kivelson, M. G. and C. T. Russell: 1995, Introduction to space physics. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  41. Kivelson, M. G. and D. J. Southwood: 1996, ‘Mirror instability. II-The mechanism of nonlinearsaturation’. J. Geophys. Res. 101, 17365–17371.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. Lacombe, C., G. Belmont, D. Hubert, C. C. Harvey, A. Mangeney, C. T. Russell, J. T. Gosling, and S. A. Fuselier: 1995, ‘Density and magnetic field fluctuations observed by ISEE 1–2 in the quiet magnetosheath’. Ann. Geophys. 13, 343–357.ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. Laveder, D., T. Passot, and P. L. Sulem: 2002, ‘Transverse dynamics of dispersive Alfvèn waves: Direct numerical evidence of filamentation’. Phys. Plasmas 9, 293–304.MathSciNetCrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. Lee, L. C., C. S. Wu, and C. P. Price: 1987, ‘On the generation of magnetosheath lion roars’. J. Geophys. Res. 92, 2343–2348.ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. Li, X., H. R. Lewis, J. Labelle, T.-D. Phan, and R. A. Treumann: 1995, ‘Characteristics of the ion pressure tensor in the Earth’s magnetosheath’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 667–670.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. Louarn, P., E. Budnik, J. A. Sauvaud, G. Parks, K. Meziane, J. M. Bosqued, I. Dandouras, H. Rème, U. Mall, P. Daly, M. Dunlop, A. Balogh, L. M. Kistler, and E. Amata: 2003, ‘Observations of energy-time dispersed ion signatures in the magnetosheath by CLUSTER: possible signatures of transient acceleration processes at the shock’. Ann. Geophys. 21, 1483–1495.ADSGoogle Scholar
  47. Lucek, E. A., M. W. Dunlop, A. Balogh, P. Cargill, W. Baumjohann, E. Georgescu, G. Haerendel, and K. H. Fornaçon: 1999, ‘Identification of magnetosheath mirror modes in Equator-S magnetic field data’. Ann. Geophys. 17, 1560–1573.ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. Lucek, E. A., M.W. Dunlop, T. S. Horbury, A. Balogh, P. Brown, P. Cargill, C. Carr, K. H. Fornacon, E. Georgescu, and T. Oddy: 2001, ‘Cluster magnetic field observations in the magnetosheath: four-point measurements of mirror structures’. Ann. Geophys. 19, 1421–1428.ADSGoogle Scholar
  49. Maksimovic, M., S. D. Bale, T. S. Horbury, and M. Andre: 2003, ‘Bow shock motions observed with Cluster’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1393, doi:10.1029/2002GL016761.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  50. Maksimovic, M., C. C. Harvey, O. Santolik, C. Lacombe, Y. de Conchy, D. Hubert, P. F., N. Cornilleau-Werhlin, I. Dandouras, E. A. Lucek, and A. Balogh: 2001, ‘Polarisation and propagation of Lion Roars in the dusk side Magnetosheath’. Ann. Geophys. 19, 1429–1438.ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. Mangeney, C., C. Salem, C. Lacombe, J.-L. Bougeret, C. Perche, R. Manning, P.-J. Kellogg, K. Goetz, J. Monson, and J.-M. Bosqued: 1999, ‘WIND observations of coherent electrostatic waves in the solar wind’. Ann. Geophys. 17, 307–320.ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. Marsch, E. and C.-Y. Tu: 1997, ‘Intermittency, non-Gaussian statistics and fractal scaling of MHD fluctuations in the solar wind’. Nonlin. Proc. Geophys. 4, 101–124.ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. Matsumoto, H., H. Kojima, T. Miyatake, Y. Omura, M. Okada, I. Nagano, and M. Tsutsui: 1994, ‘Electrostatic solitary waves (ESW) in the magnetotail: BEN wave forms observed by GEOTAIL’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 2915–2918.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  54. Matthaeus, W. H., M. L. Goldstein, and D. A. Roberts: 1990, ‘Evidence for the presence of quasi-two-dimensional nearly incompressible fluctuations in the solar wind’. J. Geophys. Res. 91, 20673–20683.ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. Means, J. D.: 1972, ‘Use of the three-dimensional covariance matrix in analyzing the polarization properties of plane waves’. J. Geophys. Res. 77, 5551–5559.ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. Motschmann, U., K.-H. Glassmeier, and J. L. Pinçon: 1998, ‘Plasma mode recognition’. In: G. Paschmann and P. W. Daly (eds.): Analysis Methods for Multi-Spacecraft Data, ISSI SR-001. ESA Publications Division, pp. 79–89.Google Scholar
  57. Motschmann, U., T. I. Woodward, K.-H. Glassmeier, D. J. Southwood, and J. L. Pinçon: 1996, ‘Wavelength and direction filtering by magnetic measurements at satellite arrays: Generalized minimum variance analysis’. J. Geophys. Res. 101, 4961–4965.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  58. Omidi, N., A. O’Farrell, and D. Krauss-Varban: 1994, ‘Sources of magnetosheath waves and turbulence’. Adv Space Res. 14, 745–754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Pantellini, F. G. E. and S. J. Schwartz: 1995, ‘Electron temperature effects in the linear proton mirrorinstability’. J. Geophys. Res. 100, 3539–3549.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  60. Paschmann, G., G. Haerendel, N. Sckopke, E. Möbius, H. Lühr, and C. W. Carlson: 1988, ‘Three-dimensional plasma structures with anomalous flow directions near the Earth’s bow shock’. J. Geophys. Res. 93, 11279–11294.ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. Paschmann, G., N. Sckopke, J. R. Asbridge, S. J. Bame, and J. T. Gosling: 1980, ‘Energization of solar wind ions by reflection from the earth’s bow shock’. J. Geophys. Res. 85, 4689–4693.ADSGoogle Scholar
  62. Paschmann, G., N. Sckopke, I. Papamastorakis, J. R. Asbridge, S. J. Bame, and J. T. Gosling: 1981, ‘Characteristics of reflected and diffuse ions upstream from the Earth’s bow shock’. J. Geophys. Res. 86, 4355–4364.ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. Phan, T. D., D. Larson, J. McFadden, R. P. Lin, C. Carlson, M. Moyer, K. I. Paularena, M. McCarthy, G. K. Parks, H. Rème, T. R. Sanderson, and R. P. Lepping: 1997, ‘Low-latitude dusk flank magnetosheath, magnetopause, and boundary layer for low magnetic shear: Wind observations’. J. Geophys. Res. 102, 19883–19896.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  64. Phan, T. D., D. E. Larson, R. P. Lin, J. P. McFadden, K. A. Anderson, C. W. Carlson, R. E. Ergun, S. M. Ashford, M. P. McCarthy, G. K. Parks, H. Reme, J. M. Bosqued, C. D’Uston, K.-P. Wenzel, T. R. Sanderson, and A. Szabo: 1996, ‘The subsolar magnetosheath and magnetopause for high solar wind ram pressure: WIND observations’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 1279.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  65. Phan, T.-D., G. Paschmann, W. Baumjohann, N. Sckopke, and H. Lühr: 1994, ‘The magnetosheath region adjacent to the dayside magnetopause: AMPTE/IRM observations’. J. Geophys. Res. 99, 121–141.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  66. Pickett, J. S., L.-J. Chen, S. W. Kahler, O. Santolik, D. A. Gurnett, B. T. Tsurutani, and A. Balogh: 2004a, ‘Isolated electrostatic structures observed through the Cluster orbit: Relationship to magnetic field strength’. Ann. Geophys. 22, 2515–2523.ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. Pickett, J. S., S. W. Kahler, L.-J. Chen, R. L. Huff, O. Santolik, Y. Khotyaintsev, P. M. E. Decreau, D. Winningham, R. Frahm, M. L. Goldstein, G. S. Lakhina, B. T. Tsurutani, B. Lavraud, D. A. Gurnett, A. Andre, A. Fazakerley, A. Balogh, and H. Reme: 2004b, ‘Solitary waves observed in the auroral zone: the Cluster multi-spacecraft perspective’. Nonlinear Proc. Geophys. 1, 1–14.Google Scholar
  68. Pickett, J. S., J. D. Menietti, D. A. Gurnett, B. Tsurutani, P. M. Kintner, E. Klatt, and A. Balogh: 2003, ‘Solitary potential structures observed in the magnetosheath by the Cluster spacecraft’. Nonlinear Proc. Geophys. 11, 183–196.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Pinçon, J. and F. Lefeuvre: 1991, ‘Local characterization of homogeneous turbulence in a space plasma from simultaneous measurement of field components at several points in space’. J. Geophys. Res. 96, 1789–1802.ADSGoogle Scholar
  70. Pinçon, J. and U. Motschmann: 1998, ‘Multi-Spacecraft Filtering: General Framework’. In: G. Paschmann and P. Daly (eds.): Analysis methods for multi-spacecraft data, ISSI Sci. Rep. SR-001. Bern: ISSI, pp. 65–78.Google Scholar
  71. Pokhotelov, O. A., M. A. Balikhin, R. A. Treumann, and V. P. Pavlenko: 2001, ‘Drift mirror instability revisited: 1. Cold electron temperature limit’. J. Geophys. Res. 106, 8455–8464.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  72. Pokhotelov, O. A. and V. A. Pilipenko: 1976, ‘Contribution to the theory of the drift-mirror instability of the magnetospheric plasma’. Geomagnetizm i Aeronomiia 16, 504–510.ADSGoogle Scholar
  73. Pokhotelov, O. A., R. Z. Sagdeev, M. A. Balikhin, and R. A. Treumann: 2004, ‘The mirror instability at finite ion-Larmor radius wavelengths’. J. Geophys. Res. 109, A09213, doi:10.1029/2004JA010568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Pokhotelov, O. A., I. Sandberg, R. Z. Sagdeev, R. A. Treumann, O. G. Onishchenko, M. A. Balikhin, and V. P. Pavlenko: 2003, ‘Slow drift mirror modes in finite electron-temperature plasma: Hydrodynamic and kinetic drift mirror instabilities’. J. Geophys. Res. 108, 1098, doi:10.1029/2002JA009651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Rème, H., C. Aoustin, J. M. Bosqued, I. Dandouras, B. Lavraud, J. A. Sauvaud, A. Barthe, J. Bouyssou, T. Camus, O. Coeur-Joly, A. Cros, J. Cuvilo, F. Ducay, Y. Garbarowitz, J. L. Medale, E. Penou, H. Perrier, D. Romefort, J. Rouzaud, C. Vallat, D. Alcaydé, C. Jacquey, C. Mazelle, C. Uston, E. Möbius, L. M. Kistler, K. Crocker, M. Granoff, C. Mouikis, M. Popecki, M. Vosbury, B. Klecker, D. Hovestadt, H. Kucharek, E. Kuenneth, G. Paschmann, M. Scholer, N. Sckopke, E. Seidenschwang, C. W. Carlson, D. W. Curtis, C. Ingraham, R. P. Lin, J. P. McFadden, G. K. Parks, T. Phan, V. Formisano, E. Amata, M. B. Bavassano-Cattaneo, P. Baldetti, R. Bruno, G. Chionchio, A. D. Lellis, M. F. Marcucci, G. Pallocchia, A. Korth, P. W. Daly, B. Graeve, H. Rosenbauer, V. Vasyliunas, M. McCarthy, M. Wilber, L. Eliasson, R. Lundin, S. Olsen, E. G. Shelley, S. Fuselier, A. G. Ghielmetti, W. Lennartsson, C. P. Escoubet, H. Balsiger, R. Friedel, J.-B. Cao, R. A. Kovrazhkin, I. Papamastorakis, R. Pellat, J. Scudder, and B. Sonnerup: 2001, ‘First multispacecraft ion measurements in and near the Earth’s magnetosphere with the identical Cluster Ion Spectrometry (CIS) experiment’. Ann. Geophys. 19, 1303–1354.ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. Robert, P., A. Roux, C. C. Harvey, M. W. Dunlop, P. W. Daly, and K.-H. Glassmeier: 1998, ‘Tetrahedron geometric factors’. In: G. Paschmann and P. W. Daly (eds.): Analysis Methods for Multi-Spacecraft Data, ISSI SR-001. ESA Publications Division, pp. 332–348.Google Scholar
  77. Roberts, D. A. and M. L. Goldstein: 1991, ‘Turbulence and waves in the solar wind’. Rev. Geophys., Suppl. 29, 932–943.ADSGoogle Scholar
  78. Rodriguez, P.: 1979, ‘Magnetosheath electrostatic turbulence’. J. Geophys. Res. 84, 917–930.ADSGoogle Scholar
  79. Rodriguez, P.: 1985, ‘Magnetosheath whistler turbulence’. J. Geophys. Res. 90, 6337–6342.ADSGoogle Scholar
  80. Roelof, E. C. and D. C. Sibeck: 1993, ‘Magnetopause shape as a bivariate function of interplanetary magnetic field b z and solar wind dynamic pressure’. J. Geophys. Res. 98, 21421–21450.ADSGoogle Scholar
  81. Rönnmark, K.: 1983, ‘Computation of the dielectric tensor of a Maxwellian plasma’. Plasma Phys. 25, 699–701.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  82. Rudakov, L. I. and R. Z. Sagdeev: 1959, ‘A quasi-hydrodynamic description of a rarefied plasma in a magnetic field’. Plasma Physics and the problem of controlled thermonuclear reactions 3, 321–335.ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. Safránková, J., L. Prech, Z. Nemecek, D. G. Sibeck, and T. Mukai: 2000, ‘Magnetosheath response to the interplanetary magnetic field tangential discontinuity’. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 25113–25121.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  84. Sahraoui, F., J. L. Pinçon, G. Belmont, L. Rezeau, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, P. Robrt, L. Mellul, J. M. Bosqued, A. Balogh, P. Canu, and G. Chanteur: 2003, ‘ULF wave identification in the magnetosheath: The k-filtering technique applied to Cluster II data’. J. Geophys. Res. 108, 1335, doi:10.1029/2002JA009587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Santolik, O. and D. A. Gurnett: 2003, ‘Transverse dimensions of chorus in the source region’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1031, doi:10.1029/2002GL016178.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  86. Scarf, F. L., L. A. Frank, K. L. Ackerson, and R. P. Lepping: 1974, ‘Plasma wave turbulence at distant crossings of the plasma sheet boundaries and the neutral sheet’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 189–192.ADSGoogle Scholar
  87. Schwartz, S. J., D. Burgess, and J. J. Moses: 1996, ‘Low frequency waves in the Earth’s magnetosheath: Present status’. Ann. Geophys. 14, 1134–1150.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  88. Schwartz, S. J., R. L. Kessel, C. C. Brown, L. J. C. Woolliscroft, M. W. Dunlop, C. J. Farrugia, and D. S. Hall: 1988, ‘Active current sheets near the Earth’s bow shock’. J. Geophys. Res. 93, 11295–11310.ADSGoogle Scholar
  89. Sckopke, N., G. Paschmann, S. J. Bame, J. T. Gosling, and C. T. Russell: 1983, ‘Evolution of ion distributions across the nearly perpendicular bow shock-Specularly and non-specularly reflected-gyrating ions’. J. Geophys. Res. 88, 6121–6136.ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. Sckopke, N., G. Paschmann, A. L. Brinca, C. W. Carlson, and H. Lühr: 1990, ‘Ion thermalization in quasi-perpendicular shocks involving reflected ions’. J. Geophys. Res. 95, 6337–6352.ADSGoogle Scholar
  91. Sibeck, D. G., N. L. Borodkova, S. J. Schwartz, C. J. Owen, R. Kessel, S. Kokubun, R. P. Lepping, R. Lin, K. Liou, H. Lühr, R. W. McEntire, C.-I. Meng, T. Mukai, Z. Nemecek, G. Parks, T. D. Phan, S. A. Romanov, J. Safrankova, J.-A. Sauvaud, H. J. Singer, S. I. Solovyev, A. Szabo, K. Takahashi, D. J. Williams, K. Yumoto, and G. N. Zastenker: 1999, ‘Comprehensive study of the magnetospheric response to a hot flow anomaly’. J. Geophys. Res. 104, 4577–4593.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  92. Sibeck, D. G., N. L. Borodkova, G. N. Zastenker, S. A. Romanov, and J.-A. Sauvaud: 1998, ‘Gross deformation of the dayside magnetopause’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 453–456.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  93. Smith, E. J., R. E. Holzer, M. G. McLeon, and C. T. Russell: 1967, ‘Magnetic noise in the magnetosheath in the frequency range 3–300 Hz’. J. Geophys. Res. 72, 4803–4813.ADSGoogle Scholar
  94. Smith, E. J. and B. T. Tsurutani: 1976, ‘Magnetosheath lion roars’. J. Geophys. Res. 81, 2261–2266.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Song, P., C. T. Russell, and S. P. Gary: 1994, ‘Identification of low-frequency fluctuations in the terrestrial magnetosheath’. J. Geophys. Res. 99, 6011–6025.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  96. Song, P., C. T. Russell, and M. F. Thomsen: 1992, ‘Waves in the inner magnetosheath: a case study’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 2191–2194.ADSGoogle Scholar
  97. Stasiewicz, K.: 2004, ‘Theory and observations of slow-mode solitons in space plasmas’. Physical Review Letters 93(12), 125004.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  98. Tajiri, M.: 1967, ‘Propagation of hydromagnetic waves in collisionless plasma II, Kinetic approach’. J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22, 1482–1498.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  99. Treumann, R. A. and W. Baumjohann: 1997, Advanced space plasma physics. London: Imperial College Press, 1997.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  100. Treumann, R. A., E. Georgescu, and W. Baumjohann: 2000, ‘Lion roar trapping in mirror modes’. Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 1843–1846.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  101. Treumann, R. A., C. H. Jaroschek, O. D. Constantinescu, R. Nakamura, O. A. Pokhotelov, and E. Georgescu: 2004, ‘The strange physics of low frequency mirror mode turbulence in the high temperature plasma of the magnetosheath’. Nonlin. Proc. Geophys. 11, 647–657.ADSGoogle Scholar
  102. Tsurutani, B. T., E. J. Smith, R. R. Anderson, K. W. Ogilvie, J. D. Scudder, D. N. Baker, and S. J. Bame: 1982, ‘Lion roars and nonoscillatory drift mirror waves in the magnetosheth’. J. Geophys. Res. 87, 6060–6072.ADSGoogle Scholar
  103. Tu, C.-Y. and E. Marsch: 1995, ‘MHD structures, waves and turbulence in the solar wind: Obsevations and theories’. Space Sci. Rev. 73, 1–210.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  104. Walker, S. N., F. Sahraoui, M. A. Balikhin, G. Belmont, J. L. Pinçon, L. Rezeau, H. Alleyne, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, and M. André: 2004, ‘A Comparison of Wave Mode identification Techniques’. Ann. Geophys. 22, 3021–3032.ADSGoogle Scholar
  105. Zhang, Y., H. Matsumoto, and H. Kojima: 1998, ‘Lion roars in the magnetosheath: the Geotail observations’. J. Geophys. Res. 103, 4615–4626.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. A. Lucek
    • 1
  • D. Constantinescu
    • 2
  • M. L. Goldstein
    • 3
  • J. Pickett
    • 4
  • J. L. Pinçon
    • 5
  • F. Sahraoui
    • 6
  • R. A. Treumann
    • 7
  • S. N. Walker
    • 8
  1. 1.Space and Atmospheric Physics, The Blackett LaboratoryImperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Institut für Geophysik und extraterrestrische PhysikTechnische UniversitätBraunschweigGermany
  3. 3.NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  4. 4.Department of Physics and AstronomyThe University of IowaIowa CityUSA
  5. 5.LPCE/CNRSOrléansFrance
  6. 6.CETP/IPSLVélizyFrance
  7. 7.Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische PhysikGarchingGermany
  8. 8.Automatic Control and Systems EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations