Optical properties and light climate in Lake Verevi

  • Anu Reinart
  • Helgi Arst
  • Donald C. Pierson
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 182)


The optical properties and light climate during the ice-free period in the highly stratified Lake Verevi (Estonia) have been studied together with other lakes in same region since 1994. The upper water layer above the thermocline belongs to class “moderate” by optical classification of Estonian lakes but can turn “turbid” (concentration of chlorophyll a up to 73 mg m−3 and total suspended matter up to 13.2 g m−3) during late summer blooms. In the blue part of the spectrum, light is mainly attenuated by dissolved organic matter and in red part notably scattering but also absorption by phytoplanktonic pigments effect the spectral distribution of underwater light. Consequently, the underwater light is of greenish-yellow color (550–650 nm). Rapid change in optical properties occurs with an increase of all optically active substances close to thermocline (2.5–6 m). Optical measurements are often hampered beneath this layer so that modeling of the depth distribution of the diffuse attenuation coefficient is an useful compliment to field measurements. Kd,PAR ranges from 0.8 to 2.9 m−1 in the surface layer, and model results suggest that it may be up to 5.8 m−1 in the optically dense layer. This forms a barrier for light penetration into the hypolimnion.

Key words

light climate optical properties stratified lake 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anu Reinart
    • 1
    • 2
  • Helgi Arst
    • 3
  • Donald C. Pierson
    • 2
  1. 1.Tartu ObservatoryTõravere, Tartu CountyEstonia
  2. 2.Department of LimnologyUppsalaSweden
  3. 3.Estonian Marine InstituteTartu UniversityTallinnEstonia

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