Multi-Document Viewpoint Summarization Focused on Facts, Opinion and Knowledge

  • Yohei Seki
  • Koji Eguchi
  • Noriko Kando
Part of the The Information Retrieval Series book series (INRE, volume 20)


An interactive information retrieval system that provides different types of summaries of retrieved documents according to each user’s information needs, situation, or purpose of search can be effective for understanding document content. The purpose of this study is to build a multi-document summarizer, “Viewpoint Summarizer With Interactive clustering on Multidocuments (v-SWIM)”, which produces summaries according to such viewpoints. We tested its effectiveness on a new test collection, ViewSumm30, which contains human-made reference summaries of three different summary types for each of the 30 document sets. Once a set of documents on a topic (e.g., documents retrieved by a search engine) is provided to v-SWIM, it returns a list of topics discussed in the given document set, so that the user can select a topic or topics of interest as well as the summary type, such as fact-reporting, opinion-oriented or knowledge-focused, and produces a summary from the viewpoints of the topics and summary type selected by the user. We assume that sentence types and document genres are related to the types of information included in the source documents and are useful for selecting appropriate information for each of the summary types. “Sentence type” defines the type of information in a sentence. “Document genre” defines the type of information in a document. The results of the experiments showed that the proposed system using automatically identified sentence types and document genres of the source documents improved the coverage of the system-produced fact-reporting, opinion-oriented, and knowledge-focused summaries, 13.14%, 34.23%, and 15.89%, respectively, compared with our baseline system which did not differentiate sentence types or document genres.


multi-document summarization viewpoint opinion genre classification sentence type 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yohei Seki
    • 1
    • 2
  • Koji Eguchi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Noriko Kando
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of InformaticsThe Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai)TokyoJapan
  2. 2.National Institute of InformaticsTokyoJapan

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