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Corpus-Based Study of Scientific Methodology: Comparing the Historical and Experimental Sciences

  • Shlomo Argamon
  • Jeff Dodick
Part of the The Information Retrieval Series book series (INRE, volume 20)

Abstract

This chapter studies the use of textual features based on systemic functional linguistics, for genre-based text categorization. We describe feature sets that represent different types of conjunctions and modal assessment, which together can partially indicate how different genres structure text and may prefer certain classes of attitudes towards propositions in the text. This enables analysis of large-scale rhetorical differences between genres by examining which features are important for classification. The specific domain we studied comprises scientific articles in historical and experimental sciences (paleontology and physical chemistry, respectively). We applied the SMO learning algorithm, which with our feature set achieved over 83% accuracy for classifying articles according to field, though no field-specific terms were used as features. The most highly-weighted features for each were consistent with hypothesized methodological differences between historical and experimental sciences, thus lending empirical evidence to the recent philosophical claim of multiple scientific methods.

Keywords

Text classification systemic functional linguistics computational stylistics philosophy of science science education 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shlomo Argamon
    • 1
  • Jeff Dodick
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceIllinois Institute of TechnologyChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Science Teaching CenterThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

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