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Medicine as a Practice and the Ethics of Illness

  • Roberto Mordacci
Part of the International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine book series (LIME, volume 26)

Keywords

Medical Practice Clinical Encounter Moral Life Nicomachean Ethic Competent Care 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    For an overview of these developments see L. Walters J. G. Palmer, The Ethics of Human Gene Therapy, Oxford University Press, New york, 1997.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    For these form of the philosophy of medicine see H.T. Engelhardt, K. W. Wildes, “Medicine, Philosophy of”, in W. T. Reich (ed.), Encyclopedia of Bioethics, Macmillan, New York, 1995, pp. 1680–1684.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cf. E. D. Pellegrino, D. C. Thomasma, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, Oxford University Press, New York, 1981, pp.196–199.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. C. Thomasma, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, Oxford University Press, New York, 1981 Ibid., p. 63 and 64.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. C. Thomasma, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, Oxford University Press, New York, 1981 Ibid., p. 25.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. C. Thomasma, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, Oxford University Press, New York, 1981 Ibid. p. 59 and 61.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. C. Thomasma, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, Oxford University Press, New York, 1981 Ibid., p.72 and 73.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cf. E. G. Aristotele, Metaphycs, A 981a–982a. The basic idea is that a prctical sciences is a formalized (rigorous and objective) cognitive activity with a practical aim.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Cf. e. g. Nicomachean Ethics, I, 1094a; I, 1097a; II, 1104a; V, 1138b; VI, 1138b; VI, 1141a; VI, 1143b; VI, 1145b.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    Nicomachean Ethics, VI, 1140 a, (trans. D. Ross).Google Scholar
  11. 12.
  12. 13.
    Nicomachean Ethics II, 1104 a (trans D. Ross): “matters concerned with conduct and questions of what is good for us have no fixity, any more than matters of health. The general account beings of this nature, the account of particular cases is yet more lacking in exactness; for they do not fall under any art or precept, but the agents themselves must in each case consider what is appropriate to the occasion, as happens also in the art of medicine or of navigation”.Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    I tried to suggest some considerations in this direction in “The desire for health and the promises of medicine”, Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy1 (1998): 21–30.Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    In a roughly similar way, Pellegrino and Thomasma suggest that the health is a “relational good”, cfr. For the Patient’s Good, Oxford university Press, New York, 1988.Google Scholar
  15. 17.
    A. MacIntyre, After Virtue, 2nd ed., Notre Dame University Press, Notre Dame,1984, p. 187.Google Scholar
  16. 18.
    J. Stout, Ethics After Babel. The Language of Morals and their Discontents, Beacon Press, Boston, 1988, pp. 266ff.Google Scholar
  17. 19.
    L. Nordenfelt, “On medicine and other species of health enhancement”, in L. Nordenfelt, P. Tengland (eds.), the Goals and Limits of Medicin, Almqvist & Wiksell International, Stockholm, 1996, pp. 33–49, p.40.Google Scholar
  18. 20.
    P. Tengland (eds.), the Goals and Limits of Medicin, Almqvist & Wiksell International, Stockholm, 1996 Ibid., p. 268.Google Scholar
  19. 21.
    The Goals of Medicine, Special Supplement, Hastings Center Report 26 (Nov.-Dec. 1996), p. S7.Google Scholar
  20. 22.
    Cf. A. MacIntyre, After Virtue, p.191; cf. J. Stout, Ethics After Babel,p. 269.Google Scholar
  21. 23.
    Cf. R. Mordacci, “Health as an aanlogical concept”, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (1995): 475–497.Google Scholar
  22. 24.
    Cf. e. g. K Bayertz, Gen Ethics. Technological Intervention in Human Revolution as a Philosophical Problem, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (MA), 1994.Google Scholar
  23. 25.
    Cf. J Harris, Wonderwoman and Superman: The Ethics of Human Biotechnology, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Mordacci
    • 1
  1. 1.University “Vita- Salute”San Raffaele, MilanoItaly

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