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Biogeographical Consequences of Recent Climate Changes in the Southern Andes of Argentina

  • Ricardo Villalba
  • Mariano H. Masiokas
  • Thomas Kitzberger
  • José A. Boninsegna
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 23)

Abstract

Long-term trends of temperature variations across the Southern Andes (37–55°S) have been recently examined using a combination of instrumental and proxy records. Tree-ring based reconstructions indicate that the annual temperatures during the 20th century have been anomalously warm across the Southern Andes in the context of the past four centuries. The mean annual temperatures for northern and southern Patagonia during the interval 1900–1990 are 0.53°C and 0.86°C above the AD 1640–1899 means, respectively. Increased temperatures are seriously impacting the physical and biological systems across the Southern Andes.

Keywords

Climate changes Dendrochronology Fire regimes Forest dynamics Glacier fluctuations Southcrn Andes 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Villalba
    • 1
  • Mariano H. Masiokas
    • 1
  • Thomas Kitzberger
    • 2
  • José A. Boninsegna
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Dendrocronología e Historia AmbientalIANIGLA - CRICYTMendozaArgentina
  2. 2.Departamento de EcologíaUniversidad Nacional del ComahueBarilocheArgentina

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