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Measuring the Internationalisation of the Generation of Knowledge

An Approach Based on Patent Data
  • Dominique Guellec
  • Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie
Chapter

Abstract

This paper presents three new patent-based indicators of internationalisation of knowledge generation. They measure the extent of international cooperation in research and the international location of research facilities associated with multinational firms — i.e., cross-border ownership. These indicators are based on triadic patent data (patent families applied in the US, Europe and Japan), and on the patents granted by the USPTO. They witness both an increasing trend towards the internationalisation of knowledge generation and large cross-country differences in the extent of internationalisation. The degree of technological internationalisation is higher for small countries and for countries with a low R&D intensity. Two countries are more likely to collaborate if they are close to each other, if they have a similar technological specialization and if they share a common language.

Keywords

Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Firm Multinational Firm Patent Data Foreign Affiliate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominique Guellec
  • Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie
    • 1
  1. 1.Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) — Solvay Business SchoolBelgium

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