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Internationalisation in Science in the Prism of Bibliometric Indicators

Journals, Collaboration, and Geographic Distribution
  • Michel Zitt
  • Elise Bassecoulard

Abstract

Powerful engines tend to support internationalisation: self-organisation of scientific communities regardless of national borders; international and supranational top down programmes; side effects of economic globalisation; all these trends being boosted latterly by the ICT/Internet revolution. However, internationalisation meets several obstacles: resistance of the national structure in most aspects of innovation systems; proximity effects anchored in infra-structural factors; inertia of personal and institutional networks. Internationalisation of competition and cooperation does not necessarily imply fewer discrepancies in national performances. Bibliometric studies of scientific journals profiles, collaborative and other scientific networks, spatial distribution of scientific activity, tend to validate a real but slow process of the fading of borders. In the last decade advances appear more in globalisation of scientific communication and increase of aggregate collaboration figures than in the geographic distribution of knowledge sources, the reshaping of co-operation networks and the modification of interdisciplinary balances in connection with new growth regimes of science.

Keywords

Innovation System International Collaboration Collaboration Network Scientific Collaboration National Border 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Zitt
    • 1
    • 2
  • Elise Bassecoulard
    • 1
  1. 1.Lereco, Institut National de la Recherche AgronomiqueINRANantesFrance
  2. 2.Observatoire des Sciences et des techniquesOSTParisFrance

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