Motivation and the Assessment of Sports-Related Concussion

  • Christopher M. Bailey
  • Peter A. Arnett


This chapter provides a review of the limited information that is available regarding the impact of motivation on the neuropsychological assessment of sports-related concussion. We first outline what is known about the impact of motivation on assessment by identifying how the impact that differential motivation on baseline and post-concussion evaluations may obscure the true cognitive deficits of concussion. Next, we provide a review of two studies which provide some direct empirical evidence for differential motivation in baseline and post-concussion testing. This is followed by a review of possible causative factors associated with poor baseline motivation including: personality style, lack of education, and active misrepresentation. Next, the possible methods for identification of athletes with poor motivation on testing are presented. This includes both the use of objective measures of motivation and the identification of testing patterns consistent with poor motivation. Finally, the chapter concludes with the identification that more empirical research on each of the covered topics is necessary.


Concussion Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Motivation Effort Sports 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher M. Bailey
    • 1
  • Peter A. Arnett
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUSA

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